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This microscope uses touch


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  • Steve Mould
    Steve Mould  Ай бұрын +573

    Would *you* call it a microscope?
    The sponsor is Jane Street. Find out about their Academy of Math and Programing here: janestreet.com/amp

    • Tami Bar
      Tami Bar 2 күн бұрын +1

      I would say:
      This is a precursor to robot skins
      And that you like to use "weird" a lot, like you're trying to induce people to subtrans state or something, plus flashing lights, red pipe, flags all around

    • Shrub Man
      Shrub Man 7 күн бұрын

      Tactile microscope?

    • ♡︎𝕤𝕟𝕒𝕚𝕝𓆏
      ♡︎𝕤𝕟𝕒𝕚𝕝𓆏 20 күн бұрын


    • Fred K.
      Fred K. 29 күн бұрын

      I see special applications. Couple it with a surface duplication device, and it could be used to allow a blind person to "see" the tiny details they would not normally be able to detect by touch. For surface duplication; en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pin_Art
      A modified "Pin Art" board, with micro solenoid control for each individual pin, and a similar membrane over the top. The "imager" could then be pressed onto a tiny object, and a much larger magnified "image" replicated using the PinArt-based tactile "display".

    • elijah204
      elijah204 Ай бұрын

      I would call it the world's most accurate reverse engineering device.

  • Cpt.AirWolf
    Cpt.AirWolf Ай бұрын +2352

    I'd love to know more about the gel they are using, It seems absolutely incredible that a gel would conform to such small details so perfectly and yet have no memory in that it returns to it's original shape.

    • King of the Koopas
      King of the Koopas 20 күн бұрын

      I love how someone who actually works for the manufacturer is completely ignored, while he’s stating what your asking

    • Yanoa
      Yanoa Ай бұрын +1

      To be clear, they do have to replace these pads with varying frequency depending on what the application is. They wear and could potentially leave behind debris on the part being measured.

    • Joseph Fox
      Joseph Fox Ай бұрын +1

      And what the gel tastes like

    • Pepper Provasnik
      Pepper Provasnik Ай бұрын

      Probably aerogel

    • Anthony Weise
      Anthony Weise Ай бұрын +1

      It's kinda natural and comment sense that a semi solid/liquid would form to anything that is placed on it with pressure or it pressed into something with pressure...
      What's so "unforeseen" to you?

  • Here and Now
    Here and Now Ай бұрын +336

    I could probably watch about 12 hours of Steve pressing various objects into the gel and just describing what they are before moving onto the next one.

    • J. Haven
      J. Haven Ай бұрын +2

      Right? I wonder what various kinds of feathers would look like - flight feathers vs down, etc

  • Peter
    Peter Ай бұрын +64

    It's actually nuts that you're getting such a deep depth of field on such small things, and you can even move them around a few millimeters and still retain focus. And you can capture it all with video and then share it with other people. Amazing.

    • RYO-kai
      RYO-kai 22 күн бұрын

      That's a really good point. My experience with regular microscopes is that the focus is touchy and the depth of field is very shallow, unlike here where the whole object is in focus.

  • Ewa K.
    Ewa K. Ай бұрын +37

    The wierd neon-colored image you can see used to create 3D model is called a normal map and it's meant to hold information about height of the object using different colours for different light angles. It is used widely in video games to create detail in low poly objects by changing how light reflects off of the surface.
    I find it fascinating they used normal map and not a regular height map but given the technology of 6 light sources it makes all the sense

    • Biff McGheek
      Biff McGheek Ай бұрын +2

      Height maps contain less information than normal maps. Each pixel's color channel in a normal map contains information on the normal (orientation) of the surface, whereas a height map only contains direct vertical information.

  • Michael Simms
    Michael Simms Ай бұрын +26

    This is insane. We are getting to watch the first steps of an entire new tool that will change entire fields of study. It is amazing. I'm probably way more hyped about this then I should

    • [C.M.G]
      [C.M.G] Ай бұрын +2

      Not at all! We're curious beings and seeing new innovations inspires our mindset!

  • optioN
    optioN Ай бұрын +51

    We could actually use that almost every day at work to measure engravings on the toolings for chocolate moulds. Would safe us a lot of time.
    Super interesting 🧐👌🏼

  • Harnai Digital.
    Harnai Digital. Ай бұрын +437

    As a 3D artist myself this was one of the most fascinating things I have ever seen in a long while. If produced massively across the globe. It could be really helpful in 3D Film Industry.

    • gin
      gin Ай бұрын

      @Alan Berger you can only sell something for what the buyer is willing to pay in a free society, have you forgotten?

    • Harnai Digital.
      Harnai Digital. Ай бұрын

      @torhgrim 😂😂😂 LOL Yup. I want this so desperately. making 3d visuals for my channel.lol would love to see your feedback.

    • torhgrim
      torhgrim Ай бұрын +2

      You can bet your ass the artists who worked on the Lego movie would have killed to get one of these. I wonder if they could make a giant one and go press it on peoples face to extract a bump map :D

    • Philip Tregoning
      Philip Tregoning Ай бұрын +2

      ​@Joseph Still $500 is for the hobby "mini" version. Steve was using the professional version.

  • Ben Cheevers
    Ben Cheevers Ай бұрын +13

    Was really wondering about how easily it was contaminated and how frequently you would need to replace the gel, how expensive is the replacement and how easy is the process? It looked like everything you had on there had some dust or hairs, it seemed like it wasn't like you were constantly scanning dirty pieces but instead that the microscope itself had issue. Incredibly cool technology, I even want one but the dirt issue seems hard to deal with.

  • Michael Nelson
    Michael Nelson Ай бұрын +9

    This has WILD implications as a mobile highly accurate surface measurer. Damn, I want one just to have. I bet they're expensive. Industry really needs to have this. Feels revolutionary.

  • Johannes Lusk
    Johannes Lusk Ай бұрын +5

    I would love a larger scale of this, it would be amazing for modelling small electronics where the manufacturer doesn't provide 3d files

  • Anirudh Deshmukh
    Anirudh Deshmukh Ай бұрын +32

    So cool. Its like making a normal map of a object 😍

  • Frederick Dunn
    Frederick Dunn Ай бұрын +40

    Ok, Steve, I'm so glad that youtube thought to put your video in my path. That's an odd microscope indeed, and the gel is strangely sensitive. Removing color does indeed leave us with form, texture, and shadow. Photometric Stereo? Ok then. I wonder what insects would look like with this system? Does that gel wear out? So it has a quality control inspection use, also interesting. Jane Street Academy... sounds excellent. Thank you for all of this information. Well done. But then you already know that.

  • Harry Fullick
    Harry Fullick Ай бұрын +813

    This would be awesome to generate height maps for making smart materials in substance.
    Just noticed the height map at 2:41 and wanted to plug it into substance.
    Mistook height map and normal map as the same thing by mistake here. Thankfully people seem to get what I meant

    • Смерть в бахилах
      Смерть в бахилах Ай бұрын

      & 6:30 profit 2 it’s a pity that the aftor didn’t put the tip of a ballpoint pen there or traces of the electronic board or damage on the wires

    • Esger
      Esger Ай бұрын

      @Paco That might be tricky to pull off. The slightest movement between shots will ruin the necessary alignment.

    • Mikołaj M
      Mikołaj M Ай бұрын +1

      @Esger My engineer thesis was really similar. But I used 0,5x0,5x0,5m frame, 4 sources of lights and camera. Results were miserable but really good for a price I made that device (I think it was about 30$ not counting my own 150$ camera) I worked with textures but never came up with to merge that two ideas :D

    • Quin7et
      Quin7et Ай бұрын

      I was just saying "it looks like a height map" and then I scroll down and see this. Artists thinks alike

    • Mark Zaikov
      Mark Zaikov Ай бұрын

      That's what they've been doing AFAIK

  • Jordan
    Jordan Ай бұрын +3

    I work with 3D making games for a living. Seeing those 3D models being created was so cool. Essentially using the same information that's used to generate and render normal and displacement maps.

  • Sam Yoder
    Sam Yoder Ай бұрын +16

    I work at a jet engine company and we use these all the time! So cool to see!

  • Hadanelith1
    Hadanelith1 Ай бұрын +1

    what a *fascinating* tool. I personally don't have a lot of use for it, but I can just imagine machinists being absolutely delighted at the details and measurements you can get from it.

  • CaTastrophy427
    CaTastrophy427 Ай бұрын +2

    That mystery item looks like a watch battery and the surrounding parts, with a lot of overlapping layers of parts held in by small screws, I'm going to guess it's a complex mechanism... so, a watch? The movement of an analog quartz wristwatch?
    Edit: I realized after posting that I betrayed my knowledge of watchmaking with the terminology. For those who don't know, the "movement" of a watch refers to the mechanism, specifically the moving parts that make it work, the gears, the springs, and so on. In a quartz watch, it'd also include the battery and other electronic parts. The hands are also included but obviously not shown here.

  • Halvkyrie
    Halvkyrie 22 күн бұрын

    I imagine this could be incredibly useful for making normal maps for added detail in 3d modeling

  • jonathan perreault
    jonathan perreault Ай бұрын +626

    im a 3d artist and i want one of these to make instant normalmaps from objects ,these look great

    • Thomas Andriessen
      Thomas Andriessen Ай бұрын

      You can take a bunch (like 50 to 100) photos of an object and load them in to 'Meshroom'. It's a photogrammetry program that gives you a 3D model that includes colour. You can then load that model in to blender or some other program. It does have a hard time with verry reflective and translucent objects though.

    • ColdSig
      ColdSig Ай бұрын

      @Multiarray Haha did it?! xD

    • Martin Baadsgaard
      Martin Baadsgaard Ай бұрын +2

      @Asu Kan it would complicate the process tremendously if there were more lights. If what you are scanning is relatively small then an older chunkier flatbed scanner can be used as they have some depth focus and a light that's offset to the side. Just scan 4 times, rotating 90 degrees each time

    • Asu Kan
      Asu Kan Ай бұрын

      @Martin Baadsgaard Does it have to be in a studio setting i.e., *only* light from the sides and dark from everywhere else or just increased light from the sides?

    • Ango Salvo
      Ango Salvo Ай бұрын +1

      I would use it for displacement rather. Normal maps are useful only for realtime rendering.

  • Tim Solinski
    Tim Solinski Ай бұрын +3

    Never knew such thing existed.
    But this is really a valuable tool for a lot of people who do precision work.
    So thank you for brining it to my attention it deserves that.

  • Damien Karmichael
    Damien Karmichael Ай бұрын

    I could imagine a larger version of this combined with a traditional 3d scanner to very quickly generate texture maps for game design

  • VallieMC C
    VallieMC C Ай бұрын +61

    Steve: this needs a sound effect
    Me: schlorp
    Steve: schlorp

  • JP Concept
    JP Concept Ай бұрын

    This multi-light setup that generates the depth and normal maps is the same method that is used to generate many textures and material used in games and film. You can do it yourself with a camera, a light and either free software or Adobe Substance. You can also remove the reflection from the images using cross polarisation by putting a polarising gel on your light source and in a different orientation on your camera.

  • Jeff Wood
    Jeff Wood Ай бұрын +2

    Sounds like it could be a major improvement to a thumbprint scanner. I’m a mechanic and get cuts and callouses on my hands every day. My thumbprint usually only lasts 2 days on my iPhone before I have to rescan it.

  • Lotmom
    Lotmom Ай бұрын +635

    I was expecting a video on an Atomic Force Microscope, but this is far more fascinating! What a novel way to collect 3d data!

    • freerider t
      freerider t Ай бұрын

      Heck out breaking taps channel

    • max ime
      max ime Ай бұрын

      As a microscope enthusiast and former microscope student i agree this is really cool

    • NeoRipshaft
      NeoRipshaft Ай бұрын

      haha I'm surprised to see someone other than myself comment on this within the top comments =D I hope he does check out or try to make his own atomic force microscope hehe (well, something analogous to one)

    • feedmewifi _
      feedmewifi _ Ай бұрын


    • Ofir Tirosh
      Ofir Tirosh Ай бұрын +9

      I was also expecting an AFM, but I found this less fascinating. The magnification is just very minimal, you can see all the details here with the naked eye.

  • moxietoxic
    moxietoxic 20 күн бұрын

    This reminds me of when my dad, a master carpenter, taught me to feel if 2 pieces are level on a small scale with my fingers instead of looking because it's way more accurate.

  • Joeyzoom
    Joeyzoom Ай бұрын +1

    I've always had an issue viewing the crater of Neal Armstrong's bootprint on the moon. I always see the boot print as raised above the surface. From the knowledge gained in this video, I flipped the image 180 degrees, and voila, now I see the imprint instead. Amazing!

  • Hyowo Katzamuaio
    Hyowo Katzamuaio Ай бұрын

    I'm now wondering: Isn't this microscope still optical since it uses light to create the shadows that form the picture?

  • Crazy
    Crazy Ай бұрын

    I have 16 years as a US military aircraft structural mechanic.
    I love your presentation style. It's light and engaging.
    I have never seen our nondestructive technicians make a cast of an indentation. We use ultrasound, edy current, sometimes x-rays, and more rarely these days optical micrometers.
    Never the less. I need one of these, I would love to compare it to currently accepted techniques.

  • sk
    sk Ай бұрын +1

    I’m surprised they don’t use vacuums or air pressure to get the gel to conform more to the objects

  • David Miller
    David Miller Ай бұрын +206

    That zigzag motion of the print head is "boustrophedonic". It is a literal reference to the motion of an ox ploughing a field, and you still usually see it in patents to describe print heads, scanners, etc.

    • WarpedWartWars
      WarpedWartWars Ай бұрын

      I learned what that word meant in the context of writing systems.

    • George Samaras
      George Samaras Ай бұрын +4

      Space filling curves

    • Levythan
      Levythan Ай бұрын +6

      I'm here to learn where you learned this

    • hetzz
      hetzz Ай бұрын +7

      This concludes my night, I've learnt enough. Thank you for that nugget of information.

    • Andriy Predmyrskyy
      Andriy Predmyrskyy Ай бұрын +21

      I'm here to learn words like boustrophedonic

  • M P
    M P Ай бұрын

    The same technology is used in AOI machines worldwide to provide 3d models of the inspected board.
    Such precision is used to find out if components were assembled wrong, have defects got dislodged while going through the oven.
    Edit: those don't use gel though.

  • rjc0234
    rjc0234 Ай бұрын

    We have a 3d scanner at work that works on a similar, off less accurate, principle of shining a light onto something and taking a picture. It is amazing how it will confuse printed text as raised or lowered surface. This seems to be a great workaround the normal "spray paint it all grey" method we have to use.
    about a decade ago i worked with a charity to try and replicate a giant version of a medal. I tried photogrammetry to get a scan of a plaster cast of the medal (again, all uniform no shiny colour). it ended up terrible. Something like this would have worked amazing.

  • screeb gaming
    screeb gaming Ай бұрын +1

    This is like real life normal mapping. Super cool

  • Austin
    Austin Ай бұрын

    My past 5+ years of EM experience using various electron detectors approves this video on a fundamental level.

  • Adriaan
    Adriaan Ай бұрын +120

    Its incredible how well that gel conforms to objects

    • Ionut-Cristian Ratoi
      Ionut-Cristian Ratoi Ай бұрын +4

      @MEMES FROM DEEP SPACE He actually did say that in the video, on the part with the stickiness. He said that it becomes sticky and needs replacing :)

      MEMES FROM DEEP SPACE Ай бұрын +1

      I bet the gell have "working life time" ..... The gell Will be the thing Will replace regulary ..... 🤔🤔🤔

    • Ali Devrim OGUZ
      Ali Devrim OGUZ Ай бұрын +12

      I think it is the 80% of that technology.

  • Stone Draconis
    Stone Draconis Ай бұрын

    I don't know about a microscope, but we'd surely hope to see this tech being used in creating 3D models

  • rashkavar
    rashkavar Ай бұрын

    Nailed it! I recognized the battery from the mystery device after a bit of pondering, and then just guessed the most common application of that kind of battery.

    • Scott Owens
      Scott Owens Ай бұрын

      I replaced a watch battery a month ago and remembered that. Lol

  • memespace
    memespace Ай бұрын +1

    Thanks for using an actual stereographic video and making it easy to cross my eyes to see that sea cucumber swim in 3D.

  • WesternGecko
    WesternGecko Ай бұрын

    Got to play with one last year. They're 40k. We were using it to look for pinholes in our product, but I mostly used it for coins

  • Richard Sándor
    Richard Sándor Ай бұрын

    This company presented us this technology at work, it was satisfying and playful to try 😀

  • Young Stove
    Young Stove Ай бұрын +100

    This would be an incredible medium to make some kind of animated movie, even just a short little thing. What i'm imagining is in the same vein as the "A Boy And His Atom" animation made with individual atoms.

    • Core Blaster
      Core Blaster Ай бұрын +1

      @JustOneAsbesto You aren't very bright huh?

    • Golden Projects
      Golden Projects Ай бұрын +4

      @JustOneAsbesto I mean isn't technically everything that it sees made of atoms?

    • Young Stove
      Young Stove Ай бұрын +1

      @Nick Coleman yo thats perfect!

    • Nick Coleman
      Nick Coleman Ай бұрын +11

      ‘A Boy and His Micron’ maybe?

    • Young Stove
      Young Stove Ай бұрын +27

      @JustOneAsbesto I was not suggesting that it did, thanks though.

  • vonschlesien
    vonschlesien Ай бұрын

    A note on the ML side - the thing Steve refers to is called "top down" reasoning, where the later "high-level" layers representing object types feed back into the earlier "low-level" layers representing shapes and edges. This is fantastically computationally expensive, and is one indicator of just how sophisticated the human visual system is.

  • Justin Jones
    Justin Jones Ай бұрын +4

    Does the gel leave a residue behind to the point to where you have to refill the gel over time?

  • Schroeder9999
    Schroeder9999 Ай бұрын +5

    There seems to be some limitations when used for surface features with high aspect ratio. For example, it wasn't able to discern the vertical fall off from the edges of the Lego brick pegs
    But none the less very interesting and could be very useful in a lot of scenarios
    By the way, what's the MTBF of the gel? (i.e. how many times can it be used)

    • Schroeder9999
      Schroeder9999 Ай бұрын +3

      I'd probably call it a profilometer more than a microscope. But then again it can be one

    • Schroeder9999
      Schroeder9999 Ай бұрын

      Oh... you mentioned it towards the end of the video... hahaha

  • Jonnyreverb
    Jonnyreverb Ай бұрын

    It's surprising that the gel doesn't capture more bubbles of air

  • Ryleigh S
    Ryleigh S Ай бұрын

    The crater illusion is tripping me out because of how inconsistent I'm finding it between people.
    The crater image only ever looked like a crater to me, while many commenters had the opposite experience. Then with the indented lettering, it looked indented to me the first way, and like it was sticking out while Steve is saying it obviously looks indented now XD
    That's the weird part to me.

  • Alfaaz Sama
    Alfaaz Sama Ай бұрын +4142

    I still saw a mountain even with the image turned upside down. Didn't see a crater-

    • Zaid Seni
      Zaid Seni 3 күн бұрын

      Me 2

    • The Vetolinist
      The Vetolinist 4 күн бұрын

      Just imagine a light source from the upper left corner, that way the shadows make it look like mountain/crater.

    • Elena Ambronica
      Elena Ambronica 13 күн бұрын

      I can't even tell what it is 💀

    • John Doe
      John Doe 18 күн бұрын

      I also saw the lettering as indented in both images

    • pasifix7246
      pasifix7246 19 күн бұрын +1

      I saw opposite mountains when he said crater and crater when he said mountain then immediately after the indented print looked popped out and visa versa

  • Logarhythmic
    Logarhythmic Ай бұрын

    If possible, it would be interesting to see an example of how the algorithm would interpret a color image. It would demonstrate the gap between how these algorithms interpret images compared to our brains.

  • Lyva
    Lyva Ай бұрын +1

    The crator illusion worked opposite for me. Looked indented when lit from below and sticking out from the top

  • KJ Nelson
    KJ Nelson 25 күн бұрын

    If you're interested in looking at other unique sensors, Event-Based Cameras (also called neuromorphic cameras or silicon retinas) are an interesting rabbit hole to go down. They use a unique approach to electro-optical sensing to get high fidelity of certain information in a very efficient manner.

  • Becquerel
    Becquerel Ай бұрын

    Makes it look like some sort of height map you can generate from 3D objects

  • onionkypon
    onionkypon Ай бұрын

    This technology can be insanely useful for 3D artists, although not this one since it's a microscope

  • Death of all things potato
    Death of all things potato Ай бұрын +148

    With the crater illusion, I saw it as a mountain the whole time, even after seeing the shadows falling on it like a crater - the look of the inside of the crater looks so plateu like. Same with the indented text, in fact I think the top light source makes it stronger, and I did eventually recognise the crater, but I had to look closely at the shadows, and looking at the light side makes it look like a mountain no matter what.

    • eblackbrook
      eblackbrook Ай бұрын +1

      He's attributing way too much importance to the "lit from above" assumption. We are all very used to seeing images shot from above where that doesn't apply. I saw the crater as a plateau in both orientations, and saw the print as indented / raised opposite to what he thought we should.

    • Death of all things potato
      Death of all things potato Ай бұрын +1

      @LeoDaFinchy Or neurological. I'm autistic.

    • LeoDaFinchy
      LeoDaFinchy Ай бұрын +1

      So, these replies: do the commenters regularly view satellite imagery? Are those images more typically from the northern or southern hemisphere? Do the commenters work in specialist lighting conditions?
      I'm sure someone could wring a doctorate out of studying the various ways humans interpret relief patterns and sociological effectors on that.

    • Grey Castro
      Grey Castro Ай бұрын +1

      Yes, same! All my life, many photos of the surfaces of other planets or their moons have looked to me like they’re covered in mountains, not craters.

    • Mr Son
      Mr Son Ай бұрын +1

      Yeah it was a mountain for me both directions. Then after reading this comment I went back up and rewound the video to when it was supposed to be in crater mode, and... it was a crater. I let it flip back to mountain mode, and it was still a crater. So for me at least, it seems to get "locked" as how I last saw it, regardless of rotation.

  • Cyril
    Cyril Ай бұрын

    We use similar methods in the game industry to extract height and normal maps using photogrammetry.

  • erniewatson23
    erniewatson23 Ай бұрын

    Would probably be good for 3d meshes in video game development

  • Sugafree1of1
    Sugafree1of1 Ай бұрын

    This is a gel sight. When you do analyze you can also create a 3d printable image enhancement.

  • Toms Štrāls
    Toms Štrāls Ай бұрын

    This would be insanely valuable for creating texture depth maps for 3d models in like a video game or something.

    • Noah Goldstein
      Noah Goldstein Ай бұрын +1

      My favorite map in Halo 7 is Terrain Designer's Left Eyebrow

  • Hikola nikola
    Hikola nikola Ай бұрын

    Your prints are pretty good :D
    Nice layers no gap, no loose belts, nice

  • Haritha Jayasinghe
    Haritha Jayasinghe Ай бұрын +62

    I work with lots of 3D LIDAR scans and one huge issue for us is the reflection off of reflective surfaces such as mirrors. Interseting how this gets rid of that, at least on a micro scale.

    • Thomas Williams
      Thomas Williams Ай бұрын +1

      Mirrors look really interesting in a 3D picture. They're kind of like a hole.

    • Austin Patterson
      Austin Patterson Ай бұрын

      Would training an algorithm be easier using this technique as a source of truth?
      Small images, and maybe large images later, could be developed accurately with this, but would that information from this technique help you train a model faster? And further, would information about small things like the quarter or matchhead be useful for larger scale applications of LIDAR such as autonomous vehicles?

    • Edgars
      Edgars Ай бұрын +13

      Just tape a gel cube to the sensor and drive into things!

  • Emily Rose Lacy-Nichols
    Emily Rose Lacy-Nichols Ай бұрын +2

    As someone who has taken apart watches, I knew exactly what that mystery object was 😂

  • Sullivan Deffinger
    Sullivan Deffinger Ай бұрын

    There was NO way i expected for that to be handheld! Thats NUTS

  • Gecc
    Gecc Ай бұрын

    I think my reaction to your example at 6:00 brings up an interesting point. See, I DIDNT experience the crater illusion when you used the touch microscope, and I think it's because humans are VERY good at context clues and learning; Because you'd shown me other visuals of the touch microscope, I was able to tell from the patterning around the letters that a flat, intended surface was pressed against the microscope, and that the letters were smooth because nothing was touching the gel surface. If they really had been protruding from the block, it would be the letters that had texturing, not the background.

  • Sick Lizard
    Sick Lizard Ай бұрын

    IAs VFX artist I love that it creates normal textures. That´s a totally cool device for scanning hightmaps and normal maps. Especially for fabrics and general surface imperfections. Exciting technology

  • Li Qin
    Li Qin Ай бұрын +1

    Coolest technology I've seen in years. Makes you think about what else might be out there and kept from the public.

  • Andrew H
    Andrew H Ай бұрын +53

    Nearly every mundane object under that type of imaging looks quite mesmerizing! I actually thought your stubble was one of the more interesting ones. It really shows just how cleanly the blades cut the hairs at the ends. The draping problem was the first thing that came to mind as someone who has done a lot of vacuum forming. But that’s very interesting that it’s not much of an issue as long as they can get the depth value. And as long as it’s not deeper than it is wide.

  • Yrenne
    Yrenne Ай бұрын

    The "crater" looked like a mountain to me no matter the angle. Even after you said it was a crater and flipped it, my brain couldn't un-mountain it. :D

  • U1timate1nferno
    U1timate1nferno Ай бұрын

    6:07 "This image looks like it's sticking out because the shadows are on the bottom, but by flipping the light source you see the reality that they're actually indented"
    That was the exact opposite for me. The first instance was clearly indented while the second was and emboss.

  • H Warner
    H Warner Ай бұрын

    Very interesting. I can visualize this technology being useful in coin collecting. Replacing an individual's perception on flaws or abnormalities that make a coin valuable, a definitive definition would bring consistency.

    • Alejandro Espinosa
      Alejandro Espinosa Ай бұрын

      Wow this is an interesting use-case, but who would use it? regular collectors or like curating organizations? I don't know the field, so I'm not entirely sure if there's like a central authority organization or the like

  • Matthew Hirz
    Matthew Hirz Ай бұрын +1

    as a watch guy int interesting to see a miyota(owned by citizen watch company) quartz movement inside of a casio watch who can and does make their own quartz modules

  • Iris Andromedus
    Iris Andromedus Ай бұрын

    This is the real life equivalent of a matcap or clay render in 3D rendering.

  • Somdude Willson
    Somdude Willson Ай бұрын +39

    4:37 That's called monocular depth estimation and it very much already exists. There are quite a few open-source models that can estimate depth fairly well from a single flat image, and if you have multiple images from different angles there are neural networks that can build up an accurate model of the entire scene, sufficient to move a virtual "camera" around and through the scene and create new views in the process.

    • Derick Wong Friedrich
      Derick Wong Friedrich Ай бұрын

      But how reliable and accurate are they? Probably not good enough for the purposes these camera gel deforming sensing things are bought for?

  • Invictus Domini
    Invictus Domini Ай бұрын

    5:00 Thanks for making the left/right arrangement compatible with the cross-eye technique! 😸👍

  • Daily Dose Of Benadryl
    Daily Dose Of Benadryl Ай бұрын

    this is really interesting! I just learned about vanta-black objects. humans cant exactly figure out what shape vanta black is just by looking at it so it would be nice seeing vanta-black objects being used

  • AltVanguard
    AltVanguard Ай бұрын

    Photometric Stereo is the proper name for the algorithm used like Steve said (comes from the original 1980 paper), but the name can be misleading, because it does not use stereo camera system (e.i. a camera pair), only a single camera. It is based upon the better named Shape From Shading algorithm because it reconstructs the depth information from shading, as opposed to camera motion, positional disparity between cameras, etc.
    Saying that this microscope uses touch is a bit of a stetch (I think it's arguable either way), this device is mostly optical, but interestingly there ARE microscopes which directly measure by touching the object called scanning probe microscopes. There's a neat video about an atomic force microscope on the Breaking Taps channel.

  • mustardofdoom
    mustardofdoom Ай бұрын +1

    I've been following this company for many years. Their technology is highly interesting. I'm mostly interested for bio-inspired designs and collecting surface profilometry of scales, scutes, skin, etc.
    A disadvantage of the method is that the surface of the gel degrades with use. Perhaps they are trying to improve this design, but I think it is probably unavoidable to some extent. That consumable cost is kind of expensive for casual use, thus restricting this method to only industrial uses.

  • Blaze Heckert
    Blaze Heckert Ай бұрын

    I ran atomic force microscope (AFM) that used a tiny needle to bounce along the surface and generate images in the nanoscale.

  • caveman
    caveman Ай бұрын +68

    This is honestly amazing! You're so lucky to be able to play with. Is there any information on whether this is going to be sold commercially? I'd love to get my hands on this.

    • Ulforce Megamon
      Ulforce Megamon Ай бұрын

      @Barrie Shepherd i mean , that happens with pretty much everything, the Spot robot of Boston Dynamics is 75k meanwhile the chinese knockoffs are way less expensive, even if both were of the same Quality , the original Spot would cost more due to all of the R&D involved , in the other hand the knockoff doesn't has that much R&D into it , and is less expensive due to that

    • caveman
      caveman Ай бұрын

      @mustardofdoom Oh man, I guess us common folk won't be able to use it :/

    • mustardofdoom
      mustardofdoom Ай бұрын +2

      I once received a quote for one about 4 years ago. It is in the tens of thousands to own. They offered a rental arrangement that is in the thousands. I don't know how much the gel pads cost, but they are consumable.

    • TigerGold 59
      TigerGold 59 Ай бұрын

      @randallrun i would, if i had half the resources they have

  • Jordonavan St. Richards III
    Jordonavan St. Richards III Ай бұрын

    They should pressurize the device to exert pressure on the gel to reduce the draping effect.

  • Matæriarts
    Matæriarts Ай бұрын +1

    This could be an award winning video for the “oddly satisfying” category, i just can’t stop looking at it

  • Jay
    Jay Ай бұрын

    06:55 On an aircraft "Traditionally you would create a cast of the scratch and then measure the cast in the lab" - I never saw that. We could use ultrasonic inspection or other forms of non-destructive testing in-situ to measure the depth of the scratch. In any case, best to smooth it out to avoid stress concentration and the risk of crack initiation - re-checking to ensure that the panel thickness is within tolerance or safe limits.

  • Ruud Geldhof
    Ruud Geldhof Ай бұрын

    Interesting, the images that the 3d scanner (I think that's maybe more apt than a microscope) puts out already reminded me a lot of normal maps, tech we use in games to cheaply render 3d geometry on a flat polygonal surface. Which actually look exactly like the kind of purple image you see at 2:42 . Funny to see this tech show up in unexpected places

  • Fox Trot
    Fox Trot Ай бұрын

    This should be used for handprint-scanning door security access. It'd be hard to fake it. You'd need the actual hand, not just an image of the hand. I love how sci-fi shapes real technology.

  • Dziaji
    Dziaji Ай бұрын +8

    Mould is on another level with his science videos. He always finds the most interesting and obscure stuff.

  • Tom W
    Tom W Ай бұрын

    Metrology has to be some of the most fascinating disciplines

  • Aners
    Aners Ай бұрын

    Steve. Look up NeRFs! You can do 3d photogrammetry and capture reflective objects. It's a bit different than you described doing but still relevant I think. Unless you mentioned them and I missed it.

  • Omar Dengel
    Omar Dengel Ай бұрын

    when you were explaining the optical illusions of indented and sticking out parts, my brain works exactly opposite for some reason. the ones you called indented looked sticking out to me, and the ones you called sticking out looked indented. interesting...

  • numasmatics
    numasmatics Ай бұрын

    This would be great for looking at error coins under the microscope !!

  • Andy Miller
    Andy Miller Ай бұрын

    Omg this is UN REAL! So many applications. It’s like…an “Approach-a-scope” so sick! 🎉

  • Axel Meysmans
    Axel Meysmans Ай бұрын +60

    This would be great for artefact studies in archaeology

    • Axel Meysmans
      Axel Meysmans Ай бұрын +2

      @Flavio D. UtzeriSame, I'm doing my bachelor's thesis on teeth abrasion due to nonmasticatory (not chewing) behavoiur, I think the results of such a scan could be useful

    • Axel Meysmans
      Axel Meysmans Ай бұрын +1

      @AbydosianChulac2 oh yeah absolutely and it would be far preciser than our eyes

    • Axel Meysmans
      Axel Meysmans Ай бұрын +2

      @Mikkel Højbak I was mainly thinking about markings on rustued metal, but on the other hand if you take (for example) a coin, you just scan both sides and you don't have to handle the coin nearly as much, which would make it far less likely to crumble.

    • Flavio D. Utzeri
      Flavio D. Utzeri Ай бұрын +8

      @Mikkel Højbak well I can imagine a lot of situation in which force it's not a problem. There are some artifacts, like terra sigillata (I don't remember now the english name, sorry) which may not suffer. Or stoneware

    • Mikkel Højbak
      Mikkel Højbak Ай бұрын

      I'm doubtful about the willingness of the archaeologists to press the artifacts into a gel. Things could easily break from the force.

  • Fieldie
    Fieldie Ай бұрын

    Loving the expensive high-tech microphone mounting system you have set up! Hey it works lol

  • Mattia Elefante
    Mattia Elefante Ай бұрын

    Apart from the extremely interesting features and applications of this idea, one of my takeaway messages is the nth confirm that Hexagons are the Bestagons 🤓

  • RK 043
    RK 043 Ай бұрын

    I’m wondering how big this ‘microscope’ can get. If the depth can’t be more than the width, it would mean bigger microscopes would have more overall use if it were wider/bigger i’d assume

  • Robbie H.
    Robbie H. Ай бұрын

    So far my biggest problem with AI, is it seems to be the new fantasy we cling to about salvation. Also for all the problems ai creates the offered solution is often just more ai lol

  • coyo_t
    coyo_t Ай бұрын

    hi 3d artist/developer: these are SSBump maps
    though, more like 2x SSBumps, as SSBs use 3 light sources (packed into the R G and B channels of an image) rather than 6
    3 is good enough for realtime rendering
    its rather hilarious to see "machine learning" mentioned in this regard because SSBump maps are below dead stupid simple. I do think this device is a *far* better visualization and explanation of how & why SSBump maps work (than the whitepapers ive seen on them anyway) and if i ever need to explain them i might use this video

  • Shadow X
    Shadow X Ай бұрын +15

    I saw this (specifically the tiny GelSight mini) recently and thought "what would anyone use this for?". Now that I actually see the accuracy and resolution it has it makes sense

  • labiadh chokri
    labiadh chokri Ай бұрын

    Nice video, I taught they will use ultrasonic imaging medical sensor to see the depth.

  • TheRedRanger
    TheRedRanger Ай бұрын

    Well AIs can already create depth maps just from images. But of course not with the fidelity and resolution of this device. On the other hand you cannot use a gigantic gel pad to create a depth map of a room. :D

  • Raziel SSJ
    Raziel SSJ Ай бұрын +1

    Really nive device. Astonishing how many details it still retains 8:43