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Similarities Between Hungarian and Estonian

  • Жарияланды 2021 ж. 10 Жел.

Пікірлер • 1 925

  • Bahador Alast
    Bahador Alast   Жыл бұрын +369

    Hungarian and Estonian are both Finno-Ugric languages that share the same origin, but how close are they? In this video we explore some of their commonalities. Hope you enjoy it! If you would like to participate in a future video, be sure to follow and message me on Instagram: instagram.com/bahadoralast/

    • Incumbent Vinyl
      Incumbent Vinyl 7 күн бұрын

      @Zoltan Hoppar Could you direct me to more information regarding the 1848 - 1849 language removal?

    • m st
      m st 14 күн бұрын

      To Mr Bahador Alast:I m a newcomer to this channel but I am already very impressed!!!!! I have heard some theories about the Finnish language being connected to the Turkish language, but to be honest I didn't see any attempt to prove it.... And another subject that somehow is accepted but not entirely clear: the connection between the Roma people and Pakistani people... It would very interesting if somebody would show some strong connection between some words in the Roma language and any language spoken in Pakistan!

    • KibyNykraft
      KibyNykraft 5 ай бұрын

      @Anders Lavas Actually it should have been called Soomian-ugric, suomean-ugric. "Finn" is basically an old name in west and north Europe, and "Finland" in Finland itself only refers to 1/4 of the country, the southwest part (the finns call Finland "Suomi").
      Sweden is in finnish called "Ruotsi" which means "Russia". While Russia is called "Venäjä", which means Vendhya, the land of the Vandals/Vanadii.

    • KibyNykraft
      KibyNykraft 5 ай бұрын

      @Kende There is a good reason that the finno-ugric languages are grouped together as the other branch of eurasian, the first being indo-european. In Russia you will barely find the middle languages between the finno-ugric ones in Europe. Such as the vepsä and the mansi , east sämi and khanty/kanti.
      Hungarian today is quite affected by old forms of turkish but is primarily typically finno-ugric.
      In grammars, accents and many words.
      The cultural finno-ugric region was in ancient times much farther east than now. The languages spread to Europe from there and changed in their own way.
      Languages change quickly..The old rural scandinavian of the 1800s for example where the last speakers died in the 1990s, is/was mostly not understood by scandinavians younger than 25.

    • KibyNykraft
      KibyNykraft 5 ай бұрын

      @AnotherHistoryEnthusiast On the female side of the säämit (Lappland people of inland north Scandinavia, north Finland, northwesternmost Russia ) ,there was not long ago found a common mtDNA genome commonality with basque women in France, Spain, Andorra. On the male side the science found a yDNA proximity to mongolians and siberians. But the closest genetic relatives of the "säämit"/laplanders are the finnish, the estonians and the scandinavians.
      The hungarians I think look like something inbetween estonians and germans, but that is of course subjective. :)

  • Jörg Appenzeller
    Jörg Appenzeller  Жыл бұрын +1491

    Incredible!😄 My two favourite countries ever! Hungary🇭🇺♥ and Estonia🇪🇪♥ And yes, you've guessed! I am Polish 🇵🇱 !😉

    • Ali Salam
      Ali Salam Ай бұрын

      I don't the Polska u guys a little German abzar at the time of Auschwitz Jewish timeline of Europe god bless UK 👍🏼 and Russian who care of jews

    • Stef Dee
      Stef Dee 2 ай бұрын

      I would never have guessed

    • Jacques Forêt
      Jacques Forêt 2 ай бұрын

      Lemme guess you have strong feelings about jews and muslims…

    • RBR89
      RBR89 3 ай бұрын

      Is that a Bernese flag😂🇨🇭?

    • Juan Soliar
      Juan Soliar 6 ай бұрын

      @Tamara Molnar let's eat

  • Ágotai Enikő
    Ágotai Enikő  Жыл бұрын +916

    As a native Hungarian I lived in Estonia with a Finnish flatmate and once I had the pleasure of telling primary school children a little about Hungary. I showed them some Hungarian tongue twisters, but only in writing, I didn't say them out loud. The children tried to pronounce the tongue twisters - needless to say, I was completely shocked when they pronounced them almost without any help, with almost no accent, and with complete naturalness.
    Also, when I walked down the streets and just listened to the Estonians talking to each other, I always had a feeling that I understood what they were saying, even though I knew I didn't. Not only are some of our words similar, but also the rhythm of the language, and the pronunciation. Very interesting.

    • RAW
      RAW Ай бұрын

      @Vekteren It's the other way around brother

    • serchingthetruth
      serchingthetruth 5 ай бұрын +1

      I had a similar experience. I'm a Hungarian living in the US. Once I met an Estonian girl and overheard her talking in her native tongue on the phone. The melody and dynamic of the language were so familiar that I thought it was Hungarian, yet I didn't understand a word of it.

    • Szandika
      Szandika 9 ай бұрын +1

      @Oleg Taktarov mi a tosz? 🙃

    • Oleg Taktarov
      Oleg Taktarov 9 ай бұрын

      @Szandika Magyarul?

    • Szandika
      Szandika 9 ай бұрын +1

      @Oleg Taktarov ne haragudj, de... WTF DUDE???!

  • România România
    România România  Жыл бұрын +560

    I am Romanian and I love both languages!
    I don't hate Hungary personally, we have to be friends, I have a lot of Hungarian friends!
    Love to Estonia too!

    • Rövid Tamás
      Rövid Tamás 12 күн бұрын


    • Oman
      Oman Ай бұрын

      You have a third of Hungary of course you don't hate it lol

    • im just normal
      im just normal 2 ай бұрын

      @România România you fully right im with you🇭🇺🤝🇷🇴

    • im just normal
      im just normal 2 ай бұрын +1

      @România România i actually like romania either i doesnt care about our bad past

    • im just normal
      im just normal 2 ай бұрын +1

      A kind romanian🙏

  • Abraham Alikhanian
    Abraham Alikhanian  Жыл бұрын +508

    The Hungarian language is very rich, and has absolutely unique phonetics of the consonants

    • Tamas Czifra
      Tamas Czifra 8 ай бұрын

      Cameron Boyce 💔🕊️ Azért mielőtt baromságokat állítasz nézz utána, hogy komoly nyelvészek, írók és költők miként vélekedtek a magyar nyelvről! Természetesen külföldiek, hogy a kis lelked megnyugodjon! Valamint a rovásírás rejtelmeibe is merülj el egy kicsit! Ha ezeken túl leszel akkor térjünk vissza a tudatlan állításodra!

    • 🌼Paulina Pi🌸
      🌼Paulina Pi🌸 9 ай бұрын

      Those unique Sounds are the same in Portuguese or Polish

    • Tomasz Peplinski
      Tomasz Peplinski 10 ай бұрын

      Hungarian sounds a little more dynamic than estonian. But the man on the video is very excited and nice what gives the impression of a more lively language!

    • Darwin122
      Darwin122 11 ай бұрын +2

      @zalán the language is rich but the country isnt rich
      A nyelv gazdag csak az ország nem az ;)

    • Austro-Hungarian Empire
      Austro-Hungarian Empire 11 ай бұрын

      @bro wot that means they have A LOT of words

  • aaron paloaho
    aaron paloaho 3 ай бұрын +13

    As a Finn, I understood almost everything in estonian and even some words in hungarian. The estonian words Käsi,Veri,Vesi,Kala and Jää were all the same in finnish.The estonian words Talv (winter) in finnish is Talvi and Silm (eye) in finnish is Silmä. This video was really interesting👍

  • GrunnenEnSeyst
    GrunnenEnSeyst  Жыл бұрын +223

    I knew about the historical connection between these languages but didn't expect there'd still be this level of similarity. Very interesting and fun seeing two intelligent and wholesome people have a go at this.

    • mako ado
      mako ado  Жыл бұрын +1

      "I knew about the historical connection between these languages " not much. hungrian and ugric languages divided about 8-10.000 years ago. hungarian have more dravidian originated words than what common with fin-ugric speakers.
      this all fin-ugric line originated from 1800, from habsurgs. just becuase the autrians just like other germans arrived into europe as slave of huns when they defeted rome. and after collapse of hunnic empire they remained vasals of avars who was part of the hunnic tribe alliace. even vienna founded by avars and named bécs... this is how we hungarina still call it. and the avars was part of the seven tribe who founded the hungarian nation. (and made to to defeat holy-rome who made genocid agaist avars. and we defeted the at 907 battle of pressburg, ocupited austra and started to raid europe as punishment adn take back the stole avar goods) so if they clean our hunnic origin and force a fake identity they r rightfull ruler of hungary. later after the ww2 this theory was popular in round of communist, becuase they r just like liberals rootless people. and what they did was an early cancel culture.

    • Renáta Béres
      Renáta Béres  Жыл бұрын +3

      The basic vocabulary has still some similarities

    • Stripdancer100
      Stripdancer100  Жыл бұрын +3

      Estonian and Hungarian are much less similar than English and Russian, for example. The only "similarities" are some isolated words from an ancient origin language

  • Joonatan Penttinen
    Joonatan Penttinen  Жыл бұрын +169

    As a native Finnish speaker I was positively surprised how many of the Estonian words were basically same as in Finnish (with minor differences). And even Hungarian ones were quite easy to guess.

    • Elias Илья Emanuel Koskinen
      Elias Илья Emanuel Koskinen 3 ай бұрын +1

      I agree with the Estonian similarity to Finnish, but you really have to study Hungarian and the ethymological roots to understand it from just Finnish or Estonian. You can't just guess the meaning as you can between Finnish and Estonian

    • tara
      tara 9 ай бұрын +3

      Jep sama 😃

    • Judit Novotnik
      Judit Novotnik  Жыл бұрын +10

      I met a very nice Finnish guy few years ago and we had this game there are many similarities mostly between very old Hungarian and very old Finnish however none of us use those words nowadays. We were absolutely amazed as we felt for the first time finally we found similarities between our languages 😀

    • Nyéki Judit
      Nyéki Judit  Жыл бұрын +13

      There is an ancient hungarian text, a funeral speech (probably from a priest. "Halotti beszéd "). When I listened to it, sounded very much like Finnish in rithm. I was suprised, and wondered how these languages could have sounded 1000 years ago.

  • Lauren Ford
    Lauren Ford  Жыл бұрын +420

    Estonian or Finnish comparison to Samic languages would be epic! There are more or less 10 different Sami languages that are still alive and spoken in northern Scandinavia by the native Sami people.

    • Eddy C
      Eddy C 8 ай бұрын

      @johndoe 695 I would like to see that also. I'm fascinated with all those languages. It's interesting that you think Northern Sámi and Finnish are similar. Many Finns wouldn't think so. But as a half Finn who has been learning Northern Sámi, I've found it to be quite familiar. Same with Inari Sámi.

    • kolobara08
      kolobara08 9 ай бұрын

      @Jelena Ivanović Finland doesn't belong to Scandinavia but both Finland and Estonia belong to Baltic or Nordic countries so Sami people are Baltic or Nordic people.

    • johndoe 695
      johndoe 695  Жыл бұрын

      @Donquavius Laquarius Dinglenut III Don’t get me wrong, on the conversational level, understanding each other will be challenging (if ignoring the basics), but what I meant in ”extremely similar” is that when comparing to other languages in our language family, Sámic and Finnic languages are undoubteably extremely similar. Once we start venturing beyond the Mordvinic languages, you will notice that word structure (and grammar) becomes totally different, whereas Sámic and Finnic have retained the original word forms. Even after the ”great Sámi vowel shift”, the shared lexicon can be understood most of the time, thus in a format where singular words are being compared to each other, it would be more challenging and interesting to compare languages more distant, atleast in my opinion (than comparing eg. ”beaivi/päivä”, ”njeallje/neljä”, ”njiellat/niellä”, ”juolgi/jalka”, ”duot/tuo” lol). But hey, representation of these languages on this channel is still better than none, so i’m still down for it 😂

    • johndoe 695
      johndoe 695  Жыл бұрын +1

      @vulc1 from the fact that I speak both languages 😃 on the scale of similarity and intelligibility in the family of Uralic languages, North Sámi and Finnish are undoubteably extremely similar to each other (especially grammatically and less lexicon-wise). Sámi and Finnic languages are some of the most archaic and conservative of the whole language family and with them being eachothers closest relatives, they share a large amount of lexicon with the only difference in word structure coming from the ”Great Sámi vowel shift” (similar processes happened in eg. Livonian and Ludic also), thus in a format where singular words are compared to eachother, I would find it more interesting and challenging for the competitors to compare languages more distant (just like in this video) 👍

    • Albert Koha
      Albert Koha  Жыл бұрын

      @Péter Vágvölgyi I wonder, how many of those who actually bother knocking on the provided link, manage to figure out what you are trying to say ...

  • Mika Hamari
    Mika Hamari  Жыл бұрын +177

    As a Finn I am very proud that Estonian is here and represents all Finnic languages. ♥️

    • Bartosz Wojciechowski
      Bartosz Wojciechowski  Жыл бұрын +7

      @Kende Nobody's saying Hungarian is Finnish, wtf. They come from the same family, that's all. Somebody's forgotten to take their meds. Yes, it's you.

  • Mónika Boros
    Mónika Boros  Жыл бұрын +156

    actually in Hungary we learn that in our language families have some rules, like sata - száz, hal- kala how they changed in time and the “mene” in Estonian is written the earliest Hungarian document “Fehervaru rea mene hodu utu rea” with the same meaning (go/menni/mene) and it is tousand years old. thanks for this video, it is really interesting!

    • Girizd Loránd
      Girizd Loránd 11 ай бұрын +1

      The name of the road was:
      Fehérvárra menő hadi útra.
      "Mene" is an adverbised imperfectum/half praesens word conjugated from the nowdays "megy" word.

    • KAFK
      KAFK 11 ай бұрын

      ​@I purple you army 케이팝 팬 Én meg csak simán magyar vagyok. XD

    • I purple you army 케이팝 팬
      I purple you army 케이팝 팬  Жыл бұрын +3

      @Mónika Boros köszii😘😘

    • Mónika Boros
      Mónika Boros  Жыл бұрын +7

      @I purple you army 케이팝 팬 örülök, hogy a mi nehéz nyelvünket tanultad 😊💪💪💪 Korea nagyon különleges és szép ország 😊

    • I purple you army 케이팝 팬
      I purple you army 케이팝 팬  Жыл бұрын +13

      Szia Dél Koreai vagyok de tudok magyarul is látom te az vagy
      안녕하세요 저는 한국 사람이지만 헝가리어도 할 줄 압니다.😘

  • Kati P
    Kati P 10 ай бұрын +30

    The inner linguist in me is SCREAMING right now, much love from Estonia to our Hungarian brothers and sisters 💜

  • Renáta Béres
    Renáta Béres  Жыл бұрын +275

    I think süda (heart) 's closer connection was the Hungarian ' szügy'. This word is rarely used, it means a body part(chest?) of horses. The gy sound is a palatalized d.
    Szív is also related to this though.

    • Zoltán Pál Kovács
      Zoltán Pál Kovács 8 ай бұрын

      @comandanteej Semmi baj sincs. Köszönöm, hogy válaszra méltattál. A stílusom nyers, de általános célom ezzel, hogy válaszoljanak, előbb vagy utóbb. Ezúttal magyarra váltok, mert néhány nyelvi fordulat nehezebben vihető át angolra, ha egyáltalán…
      Renáta hozzászólását annyiban méltatnám, hogy nem csak a saját maga szemantikai logikáját csillogtatta meg, hanem tudományos véleményt tárt elő, nyelvészeti bizonyítékokra alapozva, tehát biztosan nem fotelnyelvész.
      Kezdeném azzal, hogy a -d végződés nem (csak) kicsinyítőképző, hanem topológiai jelentéssel is bíró végződés-típus. Mind a testrészek, mind pedig a helységnevek tekintetében. Semmi latinizálódás nincs tehát a magyar d-vé rögzült végződésekben. Furcsa is volna latinizálódásról beszélni pl. Parád és Parajd esetében.
      Hogy pedig a -d vagy a -gy közül melyik a régebbi, az attól függ, mi az adott nyelvjárást felülíró, általánosan elterjedő változat. De ezt nem lehet általánosítani. Bizonyos szavak esetében a -d, másoknál a -gy végződés lett a ma általános. Más helyütt esetleg fordítva. Hasonlóan az evő-emő pároshoz. Nyilván, senki sem mondja a csecsszopóra, hogy csecsevő, de a mindenevőre sem, hogy mindenemő.
      Ajánlom figyelmedbe Pomozi Péter előadásait, aki a hangtörvények létezése mellé azok variabilitását is hangsúlyozza (ld. itt: p - f hangváltozások is!).
      Amennyiben föl is tételezhető, hogy dzs-nek hangzott a mai gy, akkor sem lehet tagadni a szügy és süda azonos eredetét. Hallgasd csak meg ezt a dzsermeket! Mind a gy-t, mind a d-t képes dzs-nek, sőt zs-nek és j-nek is ejteni: kzclip.org/video/v7iv2gA75pA/бейне.html
      Attól is függően, hogy a d vagy gy hol fordul elő a szóban, ejti dzs-nek, j-nek vagy zs-nek. A szóközepi gy j-vé lágyul.
      Néhol a szóeleji gy is j-vé alakul, avagy visszafelé: gyártó->jártó, jön->gyön/gyün, jón->gyón, gyere->jer. Ezek közül mondd már meg, melyik tájnyelvi és miért? Miért nem lehet egyértelműen kijelenteni, hogy a gy vagy esetleg a j a tájnyelvi használat?
      De lássuk pl. szeretett észt nyelvrokonainkat: nézz utána, hogy a jég szavukra hány variáció létezik! A jää-tól a jaig-en keresztül az igä-ig minden előfordul (10:35-nél): kzclip.org/video/sB7kocZ7Ny4/бейне.html
      Tizennégynél abbahagytam. És egy hegyvonulatuk sincs, hogy valami izolációs ok lenne a variációk kialakulására! Egyszerűen ilyen rugalmasak a nyelvek. Közlekednek egymásba, ami letagadhatatlan. Nálunk szerencsére a gyümölcsből van több, ami eredetére nézve gümőcs (CzuFo). A gumó, a gümő (görbe, gömb, guba, gomba) gömbölyded értelmű szavaink, de még a könny és eredetileg a könyv is. Hogy aztán voltak-e, akik dzsümőcs-nek ejtették a gyümölcsöt, mindegy is. Ettől még egy tőről fakadnak, mint a szügy és a süda. Annyi féle hangváltás van, mint égen a csillag - na jó, annyi nem.
      Abból meg nem lehet kiindulni, hogy mik a nyelvjárás törvényei az obi-ugoroknál, hisz népességünk csak kicsiny töredéke származik onnét (vissza).

    • comandanteej
      comandanteej 8 ай бұрын

      ​@Zoltán Pál Kovács Sorry for the late response...
      I was not blaming Renáta of course :) , she mentioned an interesting possibility which absolutely made sense from a semantic point of view. I just mentioned that it can be most likely ruled out if we have a look at the developmental phases of these languages.
      You are right in that palatalization of the final d is quite common in some dialects, but not at all in the common language.
      Térgy is not an older version of térd but a current dialectal version. Térd is believed to contain a once-common -d diminutive ending.
      With the place names one has to be careful because in some cases the "hard" version is just an ortographic quirk, as 'gy' was often latinized to d.
      In some Hungarian dialects (especially in the Transdanubia) several consonants regularly palatalize, but it never happens in some other dialects including the Northeastern dialect, which the standard language is based on.
      Also keep in mind that, while Hungarian was probably never completely uniform, strong dialectal variations gradually emerged after permanent settlements had formed, relatively late in the middle ages. In very old texts (eg. "Halotti beszéd") today's gy corresponds to the letter g (and was most likely pronounced dzs, there is a lot of evidence for that including words of turkic origin), while there is d where we pronounce d today.

    • Zoltán Pál Kovács
      Zoltán Pál Kovács 10 ай бұрын

      A hétfejű sárkány Körülbelül ezt hangoztatta a kétfejű sas is, nem csak a hétfejű sárkány. Nyomására aztán a most is regnáló mta.
      Kezdjél kicsit művelődni, mert az említett szótár elméletét ma az MKI fejleszti tovább.
      Ja, persze ez nem számít, mert a hétfejűek tízezer évig élnek, és cáfolni tudják Renáta állítását, mert emlékeznek, hogy beszéltek az emberek 5000 éve.
      Ilyenkor persze az sem számít, hogy léteznek alapszavak, amik még 6-7 ezer év óta sem sokat változtak.

    • Alfred Szabo
      Alfred Szabo 10 ай бұрын

      A hétfejű sárkány Szia, Renáta !
      Ez olyan szép kifejtés volt, hogy legszívesebben elhívnálak egy randevúra, ha nem lennél olyan messze!🤗🤗😃🤪

  • Svency
    Svency 19 күн бұрын +3

    As an Estonian who can also speak Finnish, it's interesting to see how similar words there are but a little different.

  • Avishai Edenburg
    Avishai Edenburg  Жыл бұрын +209

    I would never have expected them to do so well. I knew both languages belonged to the same family, but also to two very different branches which developed in very different regions of the world.

    • viharsarok
      viharsarok  Жыл бұрын +1

      There are very few words suitable for this kind of guessing, though. These two languages are 100% mutually unintelligible.

    • Bence Pászthy
      Bence Pászthy  Жыл бұрын

      @Renáta Béres Vicceltem. Ne haragudj.

    • Renáta Béres
      Renáta Béres  Жыл бұрын

      @Bence Pászthy az is vagyok, szerintem félreértetted, amit írtam.

    • Bence Pászthy
      Bence Pászthy  Жыл бұрын

      @Renáta Béres Pedig a neved alapjáűn azt gondolnám, hogy nő vagy :D

  • C.T. Grell
    C.T. Grell 11 ай бұрын +41

    so good to see this. as Hungarian I often feel like we are so separated from every other languages but this was probably the first time I felt a little connection. so weird to figure out words I've never heard before and without studying the language.

  • m st
    m st 14 күн бұрын +3

    This channel is definitely one of the most interesting on utube!!!!! There are many linguists or language experts that talk about unexpected links between languages, but never bother themselves whith examples.... This channel is prooving a lot of " linguistic theories" in a very convincing way. A lot of thanks to all the people involved in this beautiful work!!!!

  • Felix
    Felix  Жыл бұрын +16

    I have been to Estonia many times! Tallinn, Tartu, Saaremaa, Vassilina, Kallaste, Narva, Türi, Pärnu, Viljandi...
    It was so cool to understand voi and vesi in the grocery stores.
    I am a Hungarian from Sweden
    Greetings to my Finnish, Estonian and Polish brothers and sisters🙂 🇭🇺🇪🇪🇫🇮🇵🇱🇸🇪

  • Warner BF
    Warner BF 7 ай бұрын +8

    Estonian sounds very similar to Finnish. 😀😀 I'm not a native speaker of Finnish but I learned the language as an exchange student about 30 years ago. I was able to visit Estonia 5 years ago and I was amazed at how similar it sounded to Finnish. Hungarian is totally new to me. All three languages are indeed very beautiful. Terveisiä Costa Ricasta! (greetings from Costa Rica). ✌🏿👍

  • EthemD
    EthemD  Жыл бұрын +120

    Been waiting for this since our Hungarian Turkish video! 🥰 They aren't the easiest similarities to spot, but Betti and Markus did a very good job (and Bahador as well with his hints)! Well done guys!
    Something I noticed in the video was that the word for 'butter' and 'or' is the same in Estonian 'või', as Markus pointed out, but it actually also sounds quite similar in Hungarian, 'vaj' and 'vagy', I'm sure there are many more hidden examples. 😊 As a Turkish speaker however I can also tell that none of these words sound familiar to me haha so I would guess that they are more of Uralic origin. I can also imagine, that just like Turkish and Hungarian, there are plenty of unique grammatical similarities!

    • Rock Bottom
      Rock Bottom 2 ай бұрын +1

      As a half Finnish and Turkish, Hungarian sounds like what you would hear from our living room and you were bit further away. When we were still children we mixed Finnish and Turkish.

    • Osman Arslan
      Osman Arslan 6 ай бұрын +1

      @Henry VIII wow vay in turkish is like "wow" xD

    • Szabolcs Enyedi
      Szabolcs Enyedi 11 ай бұрын +1

      @Henry VIII There's 'illetve', which means 'és' or 'vagy' or 'és/vagy' at the same time. It's a tricky word, and bc of that we don't really use that other than in sophisticated written language.

    • viharsarok
      viharsarok  Жыл бұрын +1

      @Henry VIII "Vai" is not a Hungarian word. "Vaj" is butter and "jaj" is "oh".

    • Albert Koha
      Albert Koha  Жыл бұрын +1

      Võib veel võid võtta või ei või veel võid võtta?
      Word4word (roughly):
      Allowed more butter taking or not allowed more butter takeing?
      May I take some more butter or may I not take some more butter?
      Similar consept, more casual, and arguably easier to actually hear it said by someone -- just spontaneously:
      Teele, teelisele teele teed teed?
      Teele, 4traveler 2road make tea?
      Teele, shall you make some tea for the traveler to the road?

  • Literarische Abenteuer
    Literarische Abenteuer 8 ай бұрын +5

    So cool! I'm an Estonian living in Germany so I always get asked which languages Estonian is related to. I never had good examples for Hungarian, only in Finnish. My best friend is from Hungary, also living in Germany, but we've never gotten into linguistical details. For one we'll be having a blast over these next time we see each other, and secondly, this will improve my usual explanation for my language a lot. 😃

  • Loksi Ajattunen
    Loksi Ajattunen  Жыл бұрын +54

    As a Native Finnish speaker I understood the words. Finnish, Estonian and Hungarian are Ugrian Languages. Allthough I didn't realize Hungarian had so many words with the same root as in Finnish.

    • Ali Salam
      Ali Salam Ай бұрын

      Hungry come in central Asia in turkic council union y u guy did not coming Esto and fino

    • Zoltán Pál Kovács
      Zoltán Pál Kovács 7 ай бұрын +2

      @Emil Thank you for this knowledge. However, originally we could read from Loksi an opinion about Hungarian word tree with the same root, to be more less than Finnish has.
      Well, for the example KÉZ KÄSSI seemingly Hungarian wins!

    • Emil
      Emil 7 ай бұрын +3

      @Zoltán Pál Kovács Wow, Kér is pretty similar to Finnish kerjää. Just wanted to point out. Késpénz also remins me of käteinen, which basically means cash / currency that you can hold in your hands.

    • Zoltán Pál Kovács
      Zoltán Pál Kovács  Жыл бұрын +1

      @István / Margit Tóth Findings are correct, but English versions are to be referred to the Latin ones.
      More to love: Heritage (Eng) < hereditatus (Lat) < eredet; Phenomenon (Hellenic, English) < fénymene(t) (FÉNY could be derived from FENN - aloft, astair, where light comes from); PEDestrian, PEDagogue (Eng) < PEDis (Lat) < Pata (Hun)...

    • István / Margit Tóth
      István / Margit Tóth  Жыл бұрын +3

      @Zoltán Pál Kovács I am not a linguist either, but found many words related to English too: alter / változtat (eltér); curtail / megnyirbál (megkurtít, rövidít); court / kert (udvar); coroner (guard of 👑) / koronaőr; pompous / pompás; tore/tör; buck/bak; and there are many more

  • Denis Ialalov
    Denis Ialalov Ай бұрын +4

    I am from Komi. In Komi language WINTER - TÖV, Butter - VYJ, Blood - VIR, Water - VA, Horn - SYUR. Komi language belongs to the Finnish group of languages as well

  • You-Know-Who
    You-Know-Who  Жыл бұрын +46

    Although I studied french in school I actually studied Estonian in my early 40s which for someone with English as a mother (and father) tongue was some journey. However I now consider Estonian as my additional language.
    As I advanced through the different stages we were joined by Hungarians and Finn's as others dropped out.
    These similarities are actually amazing and surprising as Hungarians found Estonian difficult to learn.
    Now I can see that the difficulty was not necessarily vocabulary ( although Estonian used many loan words) but differences in the amount of case endings , word order and pronunciation.
    Bahador's hints were very helpful and helping to break it down leaving both speakers more confident about each others language.
    Wonderful! 🙋👍😀

    • Avi Davidzada
      Avi Davidzada  Жыл бұрын +1

      That's really impressive. Good on you 👍

  • Roope Harju
    Roope Harju 9 ай бұрын +10

    Finnish words_
    1:52 Käsi
    2:31 Veri
    3:20 Sarvi
    4:04 Vesi
    4:39 Talvi
    5:08 Voi
    5:55 Alla

  • Candice Huggins
    Candice Huggins  Жыл бұрын +65

    I enjoyed this! I’m American but grew up mostly in Hungary. I was pausing the video to guess the Estonian word right along with Betti. :) This was very informative as I’ve never heard of the specific similarities between the two. Great video, and they both did a wonderful job!
    Oh! And on the first word “kéz,” he guessed the question, “Who?” While it was wrong, it actually sounds very close to the Hungarian way of asking “who is” which would be “ki ez.”

    • decobocopithec
      decobocopithec 8 ай бұрын

      @Aivar Jänes "Ki van (itt)?" Hungarian for "Who is (here)?"

    • Hannah Alexy
      Hannah Alexy 11 ай бұрын

      @Unknown user. I'm Australian and i grew up in Hungary!

    • Unknown user.
      Unknown user.  Жыл бұрын +1

      @Candice Huggins American growing in Hungary? Wow! That is something!

    • Aivar Jänes
      Aivar Jänes  Жыл бұрын +2

      "ki ez" (who is) in Hungarian.
      "kes on" (who is) in Estonian, official language.
      "kiä om" (who is) in South Estonian.

    • Candice Huggins
      Candice Huggins  Жыл бұрын +2

      @Árpád That made me laugh!

  • Sam A
    Sam A  Жыл бұрын +83

    Congratulations!! This is the first video I have seen anywhere comparing Estonian & Hungarian!! Very pleased!

    • Sam A
      Sam A  Жыл бұрын

      @wyqtor still...

    • wyqtor
      wyqtor  Жыл бұрын +1

      Part of the reason is that Hungarian is very distantly related to the Finnic branch. You have to struggle and make educated guesses even with simple words.

  • Louis Fisher
    Louis Fisher  Жыл бұрын +27

    It's incredibly fascinating to see the development of languaged and how these changes occur over the course of thousands of years!

  • Mnik570
    Mnik570  Жыл бұрын +60

    We need a Finnish × Sami or Hungarian × Mansi comparison

    • Serouj Ghazarian
      Serouj Ghazarian 2 ай бұрын

      Have them in the Urals just for funnsies, as well.

    • Evonovo
      Evonovo  Жыл бұрын +1

      Wikipedia says that there are 12k speakers in Russia. Well, it's a very small number but at least there are still people who speak the language.

    • Csaba
      Csaba  Жыл бұрын +5

      Yeah, but sadly it is close to impossible to find a native mansi speaker nowdays.

    • Zoltan Hoppar
      Zoltan Hoppar  Жыл бұрын

      Yeah, and Bahador will pull again these above here. Because there is no more.

  • Avi Davidzada
    Avi Davidzada  Жыл бұрын +51

    Betti and Markus both have such a delightful vibe and energy! Makes the video more enjoyable:)

    • mattihp
      mattihp  Жыл бұрын

      For sure! I like the sounds and faces they make whilst thinking

    • Betty_♡
      Betty_♡  Жыл бұрын +1

      I'm from Hungary. My name is Betti too (my nick name)

  • gary n
    gary n  Жыл бұрын +23

    The geographical location of where Hungarian is spoken is truly fascinating considering all the languages that surround it.

    • e1gr3co
      e1gr3co 4 ай бұрын

      @James yeah, and this christian kingdom became the strongest in europe after few decades... how?

    • James
      James 4 ай бұрын

      @e1gr3co 9th

    • e1gr3co
      e1gr3co  Жыл бұрын

      @Sam A ? Dou you mean the wallachians?
      What about Atilla? HUNgarian kingdom isn't founded in the 5th century?

    • Prof. Spudd
      Prof. Spudd  Жыл бұрын +1

      @wyqtor During that period of history, the Slavs and Romanians had to live in mountains and forests where they could hide from nomadic raids, whereas the Hungarians, being horse-riding nomads themselves, could hold onto the plain and defend it from other (usually Turkic) tribes.

    • wyqtor
      wyqtor  Жыл бұрын +2

      Romanian too, if you think about it. The closest Romance-speaking region is Friuli, more than 500 km away from the western tip of Romania, as well as some pockets of Aromanian and Meglenoromanian spoken in Northern Macedonia, Greece, and Albania. Some weird things happening in Pannonia and the Carpathian basin, were Slavic languages somehow haven't caught on, leaving the Southern Slavs separated from the other Slavs.

  • Pegasus Apollosson
    Pegasus Apollosson 10 ай бұрын +6

    It's so interesting to hear/watch languages from a completely separate family than PIE. It's so foreign, yet so close.

  • corinna007
    corinna007  Жыл бұрын +45

    One step closer to having Finnish on the channel! 😁 This one is really interesting to me; especially Estonian, since it's so close to Finnish (which I've been learning for a few years now). I actually guessed all of the Estonian words except for Sarv, because I've never come across it, and I thought "Täis" was "Tässä" ("Here"), but once they said what it was, I understood that it's "Täysi" ("Full", "Complete"). It's funny that the Finnish word for winter is "Talvi", so the two Estonian words put together.

    • NetRolller3D
      NetRolller3D 11 ай бұрын

      Täis/täysi in turn sound very close to Hungarian "teljes", also full/complete

    • corinna007
      corinna007  Жыл бұрын

      @Reudovaniaball I didn't mean to imply that I think of the other languages as inferior. I'm just the most familiar with Finnish, and was merely excited that another Finno-Ugric language appeared on the channel, which means that hopefully soon we will have more. And I think it would be nice to see the language I'm currently studying in a video.

    • corinna007
      corinna007  Жыл бұрын

      @vulc1 Finnish is the one I'm studying, and therefore most familiar with. And as I said, this video was interesting because I was able to guess most of the Estonian words. I don't think it's wrong to be hopeful that a language I'm studying will one day be on the channel. I meant nothing "chauvinistic" by my comment, I was just excited that Finno-Ugric languages are appearing here.

    • Zoltán Pál Kovács
      Zoltán Pál Kovács  Жыл бұрын

      @Reudovaniaball Hello, Happy New Year, wishing from Hungary.
      Well, there are so much "problems" with the Hungarians as well. But these problems are rather enigmas.
      We do accept our Nordic relatives, although already not in genetic means, only linguistically. And this is accepted by those Hungarians also, who think about a steppe-zone and Mesopotamian ancestries.
      The true could be that we have a lot of ancient relatives all around Asia, then also Europeans, mostly from the Xth century. Linguistically proven relations are yet debated, which is the closest: Finno-Ugric or Turkic or Ancient Hellenic or Iranian. I think languages could not be classified such a way, like biological species. No real language families could we speak, only territorial specialities, where genoms may be drifted more and more times.

    • Reudovaniaball
      Reudovaniaball  Жыл бұрын

      @vulc1 I agree. There are problems with the Finns. I have experienced it myself in my life. However, the Estonian language differs quite clearly from the Finnish language: there is no vocal harmony in Estonian official language,
      the possessive suffixes are gone (they are left only rudimentally as some very few independent words), there are plenty of German loanwords: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Estonian_vocabulary#/media/File:Estonian_vocabulary.png , which is not the case in Finnish etc. It is hardly possible to say, that Estonian language is some kind of Finnish dialect, although some do it like the Finnish extremist Johan Bäckman. At a deeper level, however, all the Finnic languages ​​are clearly very similar. An attempt could be made to keep this fact separate from politics. However, I have met several Finns who think that the Karelian language and the Estonian language are similar because they both belonged to the Soviet Union. This is complete nonsense. Rather, Finnish unites Estonian and Karelian, located just in between. The Finns may not have taken their poor relatives so seriously either. Well, neither is it so easy for Hungarians to accept their distant Nordic relatives. That's the case with relatives. They cannot be selected, although it is still being tried.

  • me my
    me my  Жыл бұрын +15

    This was surprisingly heartwarming to watch. It's nice to introduce to youngsters other languages and some familiarities. This could prevent future conflicts. Nive idea. V4 forever.

  • Nikke
    Nikke 5 ай бұрын +1

    I'm neither Estonian nor Hungarian, but as a Finn this is quite entertaining to watch because words sounds so similar for us as well

    • Rah 1
      Rah 1 4 ай бұрын +1

      because of uralic family language?

  • Trixk K
    Trixk K 11 ай бұрын +7

    Wow! It's amazing! I know that these two languages are from one language family and it was so interesting to see these real examples. 🤗 I am also a native Hungarian and speak some more foreign languages. Maybe Estonian will be my next favourite.

  • cynical cenobia
    cynical cenobia  Жыл бұрын +21

    I love this; have a Finnish colleague and we pretty much went through the same exercise and were amazed to find how many shared words have been retained in both Hungarian and Finnish.

    • vulc1
      vulc1  Жыл бұрын

      ​@Felix Nincs Der Gulden Probably you haven't bothered to watch this video. It is about Hungarian and Estonian. It is NOT about Finnish. Comments about Hungarian and Estonian therefore make sense, whereas comments about Finnish do not. There are many more languages (for example the Udmurt language) with the same words, SO WHAT? You're just a chauvinist.

    • vulc1
      vulc1  Жыл бұрын +1

      @cynical cenobia So according to you logic, a video of an Indo-European language is an invitation for comments regarding any other Indo-European language even though not referenced at all in the video? Let's say, the video is about Icelandic, but you would see it as an invitation to comment about Hindi?

    • cynical cenobia
      cynical cenobia  Жыл бұрын +5

      @vulc1 You do realise that, like Estonian, Finnish is also a Finno-Ugric language, and the purpose of this video is to highlight the similarities between Finno-Ugric languages. Also, go get a hobby bc trolling in the comments online does not qualify as one. Thanks.

    • vulc1
      vulc1  Жыл бұрын

      @cynical cenobia I hope you do realise Finnish is a different language from Estonian and this video is not about the Finnish language.

    • cynical cenobia
      cynical cenobia  Жыл бұрын +4

      @vulc1 You're intelligent.

  • YummYakitori
    YummYakitori  Жыл бұрын +29

    More comparison between Uralic languages please. Maybe you can include some of the lesser known languages spoken in Russia as well :)

    • Gábor Érdi
      Gábor Érdi 8 ай бұрын +1

      @Yorgos2007 because Manysi (and Khantyi) is the most closest relatives to Hungarian.
      Hungarian and Estonian (and Finnish) have 6000 years different evolution in time, but in Manysi and Hungarian only have 3000 years (what is still a lot).
      But still interesting in the similarities on this video.

    • Yorgos2007
      Yorgos2007  Жыл бұрын +5

      I would suggest Manysi. There is a video here on KZclip about numbers in Manysi, some of them are really impressively similar to Hungarian

  • Pepe De Rien
    Pepe De Rien  Жыл бұрын +17

    "Käsitöö" is an Estonian word, and means handcraft(ed). But in Hungary has a similar meaning the word "készítő", that means crafter. ;) So if you go to Estonia, and you'll see the sign of "käsitöö", that'll mean, they're selling handcrafted stuffs. ;)
    Also the Estonian õhu means air, that means heat or hot air in Hungarian if we remove the first letter of õ from the word. ;)
    Additionally the Estonian "vaim", that's the spirit or soul, has a different meaning in Hungarian. It means butter. But when I'm thinking about the "vaim"/"vaj", that is the meaning/fat of the milk in Hungarian, as the soul is the meaning of the body. ;)

    • Emil
      Emil 7 ай бұрын

      Finnish person here! "käsityö" in Finnish is handicraft. So all 3 languages pretty similar.

    • Goatzy
      Goatzy 8 ай бұрын

      Naljakad sõnad Eesti-Hungari keeles, mis on tegelt päris samad tähendused!
      Translate: Funny words are in Estonia-Hungary language, they are like very same

    • comandanteej
      comandanteej 8 ай бұрын +1

      It's funny... Estonian käsi is a cognate to Hungarian kéz, and I believe töö must be related to Hungarian tesz (make/do). But Hungarian készítő (creator) comes from the word kész (ready, done) via készít (produce, make ready) which is unrelated.

    • Kaia • 6 years ago
      Kaia • 6 years ago 10 ай бұрын +1

      Air is actually 'õhk' in Estonian. 'Õhu' also means air, but in a different form.

  • Gurgen Artsimovich
    Gurgen Artsimovich  Жыл бұрын +24

    I knew Estonian and Hungarian shared the same origin but I thought they had drifted away from each other so much to have any close cognates. This was a very good and interesting video. Thank you!

    • vulc1
      vulc1  Жыл бұрын +1

      There are still a hundred or so cognates left

  • Eliza G.
    Eliza G.  Жыл бұрын +182

    I love the energy of both participants! Well done!
    I got interested in Estonia after watching a few bald and bankrupt's vlogs, hope to visit soon 😊

    • Em
      Em 10 ай бұрын

      @Anime & movie edits_ im one apart of the 1% too

    • Riho
      Riho  Жыл бұрын +1

      You'll be warmly welcomed. I assure you.

    • Kullulillu
      Kullulillu  Жыл бұрын +1

      Bald is a spot on guy! Love from Estonia 🇪🇪!

    • HS stickfigures
      HS stickfigures  Жыл бұрын

      @Half life doggo its near ülemiste, right?

  • Sen Dia
    Sen Dia 12 күн бұрын +2

    Estonian and Finnish are very close to each other. I speak Finnish and all the Estonian words are very similar to the Finnish words.

  • Павел Кас
    Павел Кас  Жыл бұрын +11

    Fantastic! I am Belorussian, I know that plenty of words are similar in all or most slavic languages, but I never thought the Hungarian and Estonian seem so close (though I knew that they are from the same Finno-Ugric language group)

    • Le_Synthesis
      Le_Synthesis 4 ай бұрын

      @Павел Кас Finnish and Hungarian are possibly as far from each other as Russian and English. You can find some strikingly similar IE cognates there, like brother/brat, sister/sestra, apple/yabloko, mother/mat' (mater'), to sit/sidet', to stand/stoyat'. But these selected words make a wrong picture.

    • Павел Кас
      Павел Кас 5 ай бұрын

      @Le_Synthesis I understand :)
      But in fact this is a common situation. Russian and Belarusian or Ukrainian languages are very close to each other, but even there you can hardly understand Belorusian "dziakuj" (BTW, similar to Danish Tank, Englis Thank or German Danke) if you know only Russian "spasibo"

    • Le_Synthesis
      Le_Synthesis 5 ай бұрын +1

      He chose the most similar words on purpose. Many other words, even cognates, are not that similar. Can you guess that "fiu" and "poika" are the same root?

    • Müller Gyula
      Müller Gyula 9 ай бұрын +1

      They are very far in vocabulary. These words are the exceptions, but show that we have some connection thousands of years ago.

  • kozakrob98
    kozakrob98  Жыл бұрын +6

    I am a native Hungarian speaker and also been learning English since I was 8y/o (I'm 23 atm). I just wanted to say that I found this video pretty entertaining. Great job! :)

  • Я-Мы Русское Национальное Государство

    Now I want to look at such a comparison of the words of the Hungarian language with the Mansi, Khanty, Komi, Mari, Mordovian and Udmurt languages. 😅😅

  • Thomas Robertson
    Thomas Robertson  Жыл бұрын +3

    Good video! My brother studied languages at the Defense Language Institute Foreign Language Center in California. The pace of study was intense. Students had to master the language course in 36-64 weeks. Psychologically it was very difficult, but fortunately he was helped by Yuriy Ivantsiv's book "Polyglot Notes. Practical tips for learning foreign languages”. The book " Polyglot Notes" became a desk book for my brother, because it has answers to all the problems that any student of a foreign language has to face. Thanks to the author of the channel for this interesting video! Good luck to everyone who studies a foreign language and wants to realize their full potential!

  • Julius Toth
    Julius Toth  Жыл бұрын +2

    i'm amazed how many similar words exist I didn't think we are so close in languages

  • Hanno franz
    Hanno franz  Жыл бұрын +4

    I have no idea of either of these languages but it was really interesting to watch how many words they could figure out. Even though, I'd take for granted that you wouldn't understand the other language at a spoken level.

  • Ioannen' Ser'gunen'
    Ioannen' Ser'gunen' 10 ай бұрын +4

    I'm am Erzya ,I understand a little bit Estonian,although Hungarian and Estonian are two related languages ​​to me

  • Suzanna Ferenczi
    Suzanna Ferenczi 9 ай бұрын +3

    This was delightfully fascinating! Thank you. I'm Hungarian living in Australia for over 40 years. I made a friend with Estonian origin about 15 years ago. We both remembered from our previous studies that our languages are in the same family so we researched the similarities. I still got the information. It lists basic words like earth, night, day, sky, blood, ect. Even geographical expressions like the name of North, South, East and West determined by the position of the sun, as a reference to the ancient believes are similar. Very interesting, thank you.

  • Bence Pászthy
    Bence Pászthy  Жыл бұрын +15

    We started from the east together, but the Estonians went north. Greetings from Hungary! ❤Estonia

    • Goatzy
      Goatzy 8 ай бұрын


  • borzix1
    borzix1  Жыл бұрын +10

    Congratulations! These words are within the most basic Finno-Ugric vocabulary, they go back to thousands of years ago, when the ancestors of both Hungarians and Estonians lived in the same place, and were members of the same population, used the same ancient language.

  • Krisztina Kőbányai
    Krisztina Kőbányai 11 ай бұрын +3

    Hungarian me randomly watching this video and shockingly discovers how similar Estonian is.👀 Can't believe nobody mentioned this in school! 😅

  • Ron
    Ron  Жыл бұрын +16

    Would be interesting to test out the Eskimo-Uralic hypothesis which claims that Uralic languages have a relation with Eskimo-Aleut languages spoken by the native Canadians and that they had a common ancestor.

    • turistömer
      turistömer 7 ай бұрын

      The name of the state of OTTOWA in Canada is taken from the native Huron nation meaning 'grass Valley also means the same thing in turkish and Turkish is the father of all uraltaic languages, also the name of the state of' IOWA in America is taken from the Cherokee language meaning 'moon Valley' it again means the same thing in turkish >ot-ova , and also the name Cherokee was the name of a Turkic tribe from central Asia, there are in total some 200 places in North America with names of Turkic-Uraltaic origins

    • johndoe 695
      johndoe 695  Жыл бұрын +1

      Kina mannit/Kenen munat/Who’s eggs
      Isxen ajwa/Is(k)än aivo/Father’s brain

    • Leland Grover
      Leland Grover  Жыл бұрын +4

      Ron From what I know Aleut & Uralic languages are completely unrelated.

    • portable-cimbora
      portable-cimbora  Жыл бұрын +5

      A little problem finding the speakers of the language, it would be interesting to me. I think Kamchatkan & tungusic is maybe more related to aleut since it is more to the east

  • Balazs Zsido
    Balazs Zsido 11 ай бұрын +3

    Very cool comparison of the two languages. Great selection of words to point out the similarities :)

  • Maayan Haza
    Maayan Haza  Жыл бұрын +41

    Hungarian is always been a language that I found to be interesting because I felt like it was just so different. There are around 70,000 Hungarian speakers in Israel.

    • James
      James 4 ай бұрын

      @Tom Meiner That's not good logic. Hungarians and Huns are unrelated.

    • James
      James 4 ай бұрын

      @Oleg Taktarov Jews are Hungarians too. They never considered themselves a minority.

    • decobocopithec
      decobocopithec 8 ай бұрын

      @Elgee Imagine the English.

    • Elgee
      Elgee 11 ай бұрын

      I'm hungarian and it's so sureal to me that we are everywhere.

  • yope
    yope  Жыл бұрын +5

    This was actually super interesting to watch and also to see the similarities to finnish language, as a native finnish speaker

  • lainet
    lainet 10 ай бұрын +3

    Wow... this is really interesting! As a finnish person, I see the same similarities to our language. Definitely part of the same language family! ♥

  • ܐܫܘܪ ܒܢܐ ܐܦܠܐ
    ܐܫܘܪ ܒܢܐ ܐܦܠܐ  Жыл бұрын +28

    The core of the grammar of Estonian and Hungarian is very similar but sound changes have made most common Uralic words indistinguishable.

    • Zoltán Pál Kovács
      Zoltán Pál Kovács  Жыл бұрын

      @wyqtor For example?

    • e1gr3co
      e1gr3co  Жыл бұрын +1

      @wyqtor what if these languages borrowed from hungarian? imagine a star with beams of light... the star is collecting the lights or emits them? ;)

    • SB G
      SB G  Жыл бұрын

      ܕܐܝܠܐ ? cool looking. Is it Arameic
      Can you write - word Assyria in it ?

    • Norman F Birnberg
      Norman F Birnberg  Жыл бұрын

      Some of the changes took place after the ancestors of these peoples moved out of central Russia to what is now Hungary and Finland/Estonia in search of a better life and more freedom. After the Dark Ages there was a lot of movement and different peoples migrated to different parts of Europe and the disappearance of the Roman Empire made Slavic the dominant cultural force in Eastern and South Europe with a few exceptions.

    • ܐܫܘܪ ܒܢܐ ܐܦܠܐ
      ܐܫܘܪ ܒܢܐ ܐܦܠܐ  Жыл бұрын

      @Rasmus n.e.M good point. Thank you.

  • Roland Hesz
    Roland Hesz 8 ай бұрын +2

    When I saw the szív - süda comparison it just jumped into my mind that there is another Hungarian word: 'szű' (which originally was 'szűv') and means 'heart'. It's mostly used in "folksy" or fantasy works these days. And it's fascinating to see a really good example like that for the gradual changing of a word.

  • David Gordon
    David Gordon  Жыл бұрын +7

    Finno Ugric. These comparisons are things that have always fascinated me. Mari, Komi. Karelian, etc a wealth to choose from. What you are doing in these series, is continuing my education in pursuits halted long ago. Thank you and You have to tackle the Celts.

  • Vierre01
    Vierre01 7 ай бұрын +6

    Elképesztő, nem volt még ilyen -hűha- élményem, mindig azt hittem, a magyar sehová sem illeszthető, de az, hogy az észt nyelvvel ennyire direkt kapcsolódások vannak, az komolyan boldoggá tesz. 🤩🤩

    • James
      James 4 ай бұрын +1

      Végülis 13 nyelv van a családban (talán több is).

  • Siba abi
    Siba abi 28 күн бұрын

    Interestingly, I found some of these common words between Hungary and Estonia, perhaps having shared roots with Persian. For instance, Jaad and Jeg (Ice) in Persian is Yakh (close to Yag/Jeg), and the Eye in Persian is pronounced Cheshm (pretty much close to Szem and Silm). Thanks everyone, for this eye-opening interaction.

  • wa_daxm
    wa_daxm  Жыл бұрын +7

    As an Estonian myself I think they sound similar but not to much. The last letters are different but the first are same. :)

  • Richard Martin
    Richard Martin  Жыл бұрын +9

    Interesting video, next time you should include Finnish as well, just like you had danish, Norwegian and Swedish in one video. In Finnish käsi is hand, and veri is blood

  • Csongor Szántó
    Csongor Szántó  Жыл бұрын +5

    This just made me smile all the way long.

  • StrangerSpace
    StrangerSpace 4 ай бұрын +3

    Interesting: so the word "blood" have the same root in all Finno-Ugric(Uralic) languages: Mari, Khanty: "vűr" ("вўр"), Udmurt: "vir" ("вир"), Finnish: "verenkierto", etc.. Also Russian language word "Vurdalak" ("Вурдалак") (Vampire, sometimes - Werewolf) seem to have relation to this word!.. Nearly all the words you mentioned are like this word - have the same root in all Finno-Ugric languages..

  • Sean D
    Sean D  Жыл бұрын +18

    It would be amazing if you could do a Baltic comparison including the lesser known dialects. Same with standard Georgian and the other Kartvelian languages!

    • Lauri Lukas
      Lauri Lukas  Жыл бұрын

      @vulc1 võro, mulgi and seto are all estonian dialects and close to formal estonian, which is based on northern dialects. Actually, maybe seto is a bit different but tartu, võru and mulgi dialects are very hard to separate and are all considered as (now almost extinct) southern estonian language

    • vulc1
      vulc1  Жыл бұрын

      @You-Know-Who Võro is not an Estonian dialect, it is a separate language with its own literary standard. Võro has also its own dialectal variant called Võro-Seto (or simply Seto) that is spoken both in Estonia and Russia.

    • Sean D
      Sean D  Жыл бұрын

      @Prof. Spudd Also Latgalian and Samogitian

    • Prof. Spudd
      Prof. Spudd  Жыл бұрын

      @You-Know-Who Latvian vs. Lithuanian would be interesting.

    • You-Know-Who
      You-Know-Who  Жыл бұрын +1

      @ Sean
      Apart from the now extinct (as of 2003 when last native/mother tongue speaker passed away) Livonian language only Finnish and Estonian exist as finno-ugric uralic languages in the Baltics. The other two main Baltic languages are Latvian and Lithuanian which have different roots
      Having said that Estonian also includes another dialect known as vuru keelt vuru language is similar to Estonian and can be mutually understood.
      Similar anomalies probably appear in Finland as well.
      Latvian and Lithuanian are apparently the surviving remnants of Prussians who created the United German empire in 1870 .🙋

  • Fruzsina Borbély
    Fruzsina Borbély 9 ай бұрын +2

    I think it's pretty interesting how in Estonian they use 'voi' for butter and 'or'. in Hungarian 'or" means 'vagy', which is also very similar to 'vaj', almost pronounced the same way :D

  • Живко Яннкуловски
    Живко Яннкуловски  Жыл бұрын +17

    I remember, when I discovered this channel, I watched many of the available videos, and I knew Magyar was an Uralic language, and I made a request for Hungarian and Finnish.
    Bahador favorited my comment, but that was long ago, maybe over 2 years ago, and since, I realised the two have drifted away from each other a lot, and didn't ever expect a video like this.
    My mood is 100% better, now that I've seen this video.
    I'd like to make a new request now. Maybe you could find a Gorani person (slavic minority from Kosovo) and compare their language to some other Slavic language. Maybe I'll get this video two years from now. Who knows.
    Bahador, thank you for existing.

    • Unknown user.
      Unknown user.  Жыл бұрын

      @Bahador Alast are you from Iran?

    • СВАТ
      СВАТ  Жыл бұрын

      @Amarillo Rose to be fair , we should ask also Bulgarian version

    • Amarillo Rose
      Amarillo Rose  Жыл бұрын +3

      Gorani are Serbs from Kosovo, they speak the Prizren-Timok dialect of the Serbian language (Призренско-тимочки дијалект/Prizrensko-timočki dijalekt), that dialect is spoken in Eastern and South Serbia and parts of Kosovo. But it would be interesting to compare the Serbian Prizren-Timok dialect and, for example, the Croatian Chaikavian dialect, which are slightly different from the standard Serbian and Croatian.

    • Bahador Alast
      Bahador Alast   Жыл бұрын +4

      Thank you! Perhaps that day will come as well. Thanks a lot for your patience:)

  • cimbalok
    cimbalok  Жыл бұрын +13

    Great choice of languages and presenters. Thank you! I noticed that Hungarian and Finnish vowels are similar but I don't know if they have a lot of cognates like Hungarian and Estonian.

    • Jabbalone
      Jabbalone  Жыл бұрын +3

      I would say, that Finnish and Hungarian have much more cognates than Estonian and Hungarian, because Estonian uses a lot of loanwords from balto-slavic and germanic languages. Finnish is much more conservative and uses much more words with uralic origin than Estonian. So the chance to find cognates should be higher between Finnish and Hungarian than between Estonian and Hungarian

    • corinna007
      corinna007  Жыл бұрын

      Finnish and Estonian definitely have many cognates. Not sure about Finnish and Hungarian, though.

  • Street travel
    Street travel  Жыл бұрын +19

    As a Hungarian just wanna say thanks for making this video. I’ve always been interesting in our “cousins Finland Estonia” but for whatever reason there aren’t many comparison videos on the internet love ur channels. Also I am very jealous of how well the Estonian guy speak English I notice most Finnish and Estonians speak English very well no accent Hungarians on the other hand haha love from Nyíregyháza Hungary

    • Cathy Penroe
      Cathy Penroe 11 ай бұрын

      Hungarians always keep that strong accent! Never goes away. I’m American and both sides of grandparents came here in early 1900’s. None of them lost that, especially my dad’s mother. She didn’t like to speak English. But just like Bela Lugosi, with the I Vant to suck your blood. Hilarious.

    • Street travel
      Street travel  Жыл бұрын

      @Boguslaw 🤝

    • Boguslaw
      Boguslaw  Жыл бұрын +4

      @Street travel but just as I mentioned- above it :) Lengyelország

    • Street travel
      Street travel  Жыл бұрын

      @Boguslaw Slovakia is out neighbor not our brothers…

    • Boguslaw
      Boguslaw  Жыл бұрын +2

      Both Hungarian and Estonian, but also Finnish are beautiful languages. Still, these are your cousins. Above Szlovakia there are your brothers :)
      Hajra Magyarország!

  • Daniel Novak
    Daniel Novak  Жыл бұрын +3

    I am hungarian and this video was good.🇭🇺🇭🇺🇭🇺

  • Emma Hirschfeld
    Emma Hirschfeld  Жыл бұрын +14

    So happy to see it! Finnish and Estonian would be great to see as well.

    • Hypetreme
      Hypetreme  Жыл бұрын

      @(Mostly) Finnish life, events and culture Yes, good point.

    • (Mostly) Finnish life, events and culture
      (Mostly) Finnish life, events and culture  Жыл бұрын +1

      @Hypetreme indeed it is. However, many (erroneously) think that the two languages are really close. Which isn't at all true; this is why I elaborated on these issues and even cited some Estonians' posts.

    • Hypetreme
      Hypetreme  Жыл бұрын

      @(Mostly) Finnish life, events and culture Even if this was true, Estonian is still the closest related widely spoken language to Finnish. In my understanding Estonian has much more Germanic lexicon than Finnish has nowadays.

    • Henrik Manitski
      Henrik Manitski  Жыл бұрын

      @(Mostly) Finnish life, events and culture True, I've had exposure to Finnish TV from the age of 5. Which is probably why - from the comprehension POV - Finnish is not a foreign language to me, even though I have actually used it extremely sporadically.

    • (Mostly) Finnish life, events and culture
      (Mostly) Finnish life, events and culture  Жыл бұрын

      @Henrik Manitski You may have never formally studied the language but still had exposure to it from Finnish TV or tourists? ;) I'm absolutely sure an Estonian with no prior exposure can absolutely not understand a Finnish text with more than 95% hit rate. That may be a match rate of very closely related languages like Dutch and German but definitely not Finnish and Estonian. At kzclip.org/video/rlGJk9JCG38/бейне.html , a lot of other Estonians explain how much Finnish they understand. Some examples of people NOT having had previous exposure (like TV): (note: I only quote the very first part of the posts; use Find to find the rest of them):
      My experience as an Estonian from southern Estonia (meaning no Finnish TV as a child as the Finnish broadcast did not reach that far) now living in Finland for the second year: Before learning any Finnish, I understood basically nothing! I mean there are many basic words that are the same or similar (like ‘käsi’ - ‘hand’, ‘vesi’ - ‘water’), but that does not get you very far even for everyday language. I remember reading the warning label on the radiators saying ‘Ei saa peittää’ - ‘do not cover’. The meaning is quite obvious from the context, I mean what else would you need to write on a radiator? But in Estonian ‘Ei saa peita’ means ‘cannot be hidden’ (Is this a challenge? Sure it can! Let me show you! :D). Trying to read a newspaper, I would recognize a word here and there, but that’s about it. Of course I would understand the international words like ‘koronavirus’ and such, but Finnish uses a lot fewer international words than Estonian, so if a Finn knows any Swedish or German or even English, they would automatically know more words in Estonian than the other way around. Some examples from Estonian and Finnish: ‘sport’ - ‘urheilu’, ‘start’ - ‘lähtö’, ‘telefon’ - ‘puhelin’. Without specifically learning those words, an Estonian would not recognize them in Finnish.
      Hi, Estonian here.
      I personally don't understand Finnish, but I know my parents and many others who grew up on the north coast of Estonia during Soviet occupation do, because they tuned into Finnish TV and radio all the time for a peek outside the iron curtain. Currently English would be the go to tongue to breach the language gap between me and a Fin and I'm ashamed to say that this isn't changing any time soon.
      I'm Estonian. And I can understand some words here and there, but understanding whole sentences is impossible.

  • T K
    T K 11 ай бұрын +1

    I (a Finn) would absolutely volunteer myself for a Estonian or Hungarian follow up to this.

  • Shamil Abdullayev
    Shamil Abdullayev  Жыл бұрын +6

    I used to learn finnish and I see estonian language is very similar to it.Well, hungarian too. Both of these languages are amazing. Tervitused Aserbaidžaanist 🇦🇿

  • Reudovaniaball
    Reudovaniaball  Жыл бұрын +3

    Actually You can translate Hungarian 'menni' (goes; to go) to 'minna' (to go) in Estonian or 'mennä' ('to go') in Finnish, which are even more similar. ('Mine' means 'go!'.) If deciphering a sentence 'Nem tudni, milyen mély a víz [van]' only the words 'ei' and 'mely' don't match: 'Ei tunne, milline sügav vesi on', meaning: 'Ei tea, kui sügav vesi on', 'One doesn't know, how deep the water is'. (The word 'sügav', 'süva' has Germanic origin: *'deupa', 'deep'.) A tél tele van jéggel - Talv täis on jääd.

  • olavi pohjalainen
    olavi pohjalainen  Жыл бұрын +8

    As a half finnish half hungarian i knew all of them immediately XD Finnish is crazy similar to estonian

    • Leonidas
      Leonidas  Жыл бұрын +2

      Interesting mix🤔😎

  • Nadine Williams
    Nadine Williams  Жыл бұрын +7

    I am Hungarian and Lithuanian. So this was very interesting.

  • Árpád Kocsis
    Árpád Kocsis  Жыл бұрын +5

    the Estonian guy's English is just amazingly spot on, it sounds more or less American

  • Kullulillu
    Kullulillu  Жыл бұрын +5

    It's so good to see something like that! Cheers and much love from Estonia 🇪🇪! 🍅

    • Goatzy
      Goatzy 8 ай бұрын +1

      I know Estonian.

  • Siôn Jobbins
    Siôn Jobbins  Жыл бұрын +9

    Once again, thanks a lot for this. Amazingly, and I guess it's a coincidence, but a Welsh word for ice is iâ - is virtually the same as the Estonian (the circumflex make the vowel longer, in fact very similar to Estonian jää or German ja in pronunciation).

    • YummYakitori
      YummYakitori  Жыл бұрын

      There was extensive contact between Uralic and Indo-European languages throughout history, and it is possible that they have influenced one another or there are loanwords. In Sami languages for instance, "arya" or "orja" means "south" which suggests that the IE languages were just to the south of the Uralic speakers.

    • Zoltan Hoppar
      Zoltan Hoppar  Жыл бұрын

      Yes, Estonian was once a gaelic speaker tribe. Look for Aestii in old writings.

  • htc htc
    htc htc  Жыл бұрын +6

    Very well chosen fundamental words that have been remained similar in both languages. As Finn, I can recognize all those individual words. Estoanin word are easy as they just happened to be very same as Finnish words. Hungarian is harder but still quite close. The Estonian sentense was immediately clear. Hungarian not.
    Very interesting video. Thanks for sharing.

  • Miklos Molnar
    Miklos Molnar  Жыл бұрын +6

    The Estonian guy is so cool. I would like to watch this again with a Finnish person to compare.

  • Ahmed
    Ahmed  Жыл бұрын +12

    Very interesting how Hungarian is related to Finnish & Estonian.

  • Jay Corwin
    Jay Corwin  Жыл бұрын +40

    That Estonian guy sounds like a native English speaker. Very interesting video.

    • Patrick Lainevool
      Patrick Lainevool  Жыл бұрын +1

      He has lived half of his life in Australia

    • vulc1
      vulc1  Жыл бұрын

      @linguafiqari So in fact, he sounded Canadian (zed instead of zee)

    • Jay Corwin
      Jay Corwin  Жыл бұрын +2

      ​@Reudovaniaball You need to find someone else to chat with.

    • Reudovaniaball
      Reudovaniaball  Жыл бұрын +1

      @Jay Corwin Estonian is my native language, so I'm probably better able to say with confidence that that guy's Estonian is native-sounding.

    • Jay Corwin
      Jay Corwin  Жыл бұрын

      @linguafiqari So do Canadians.

  • Random Canadian
    Random Canadian  Жыл бұрын +2

    Estonian is a beautiful language along with Hungarian, even if i don't know it.

  • Amis Arska's Nightcores
    Amis Arska's Nightcores  Жыл бұрын +9

    Me as a finn trying to guess both haha

  • Hossein Sadeghi
    Hossein Sadeghi  Жыл бұрын +5

    I'm really interested in uralic languages greetings to Estonia and Hungary from Iran 💚🤍

  • guleet
    guleet 10 ай бұрын +1

    Do Finnish and Estonian next ! They are very close !!

  • Sean Fitzgerald
    Sean Fitzgerald  Жыл бұрын +10

    Hungarian is a hard language to learn, but it's worth it.

    • James
      James 4 ай бұрын

      Actually, it's extremely regular. Also, just one past tense, one present. No gender. Just the vocabulary is tricky, but that goes away quickly. It's also full of Slavic words, so that is easier for some Westerners.

  • Alexandros Mograine
    Alexandros Mograine 8 ай бұрын +1

    I wish we got all 3 major perspectives of our great family.

  • Imre Zele
    Imre Zele 11 ай бұрын +4

    As I'm hungarian completely shocked 😊 Definitely top of my holiday destination Estonia.

    • Markus Mäkelä
      Markus Mäkelä 9 ай бұрын

      God: same word: est:jumal fin;jumala hun; ishten, we still in finnish use word ”jumalisten pojat” , ” oh my god , boys” you have done wrong.

  • Don Corleone
    Don Corleone  Жыл бұрын +10

    The contestants are very smart because some of those were tough even though I know they stem from the same root after several thousand years there have been natural changes

  • Eddy C
    Eddy C 8 ай бұрын +1

    It would be good to see some comparisons with other Uralic languages as well as Finnish.

  • Piret Kivi
    Piret Kivi  Жыл бұрын +6

    Estonian: Elav kala ujub vee all
    Finnish: Elävä kala ui veden alla
    Hungarian: Eleven hal úszkál a víz alatt
    (An alive fish swims under water)
    I am a bit surprised you did not use that old and famous classic sentence.

  • fos
    fos  Жыл бұрын +4

    I am Hungarian ❤️🇭🇺
    And these two languages almost the same. Good video ❤️☺️

  • Zsuzsi Matolcsy
    Zsuzsi Matolcsy 9 ай бұрын +1

    Thank you for sharing!.. I am Hungarian 1st generation in America..I do speak Hungarian This was awesome.. Would love to hear other similar languages to Hungarian.. The Mansi language in Asia has many similar words to Hungarian..

  • S N E I D E R
    S N E I D E R 11 ай бұрын +2

    There are a bunch of old Hungarian words but aren't used in modern Hungarian language, which are also related to Finnish-Estonian.

  • 🌼Paulina Pi🌸
    🌼Paulina Pi🌸 9 ай бұрын +1

    I am Polish and I live in Helsinki and never heard any of these but guessed both languages all words right :)