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Second Longest Siege in History: The (Staggering) Siege of Candia 1648-1669

  • Жарияланды 2023 ж. 29 Нау.

Пікірлер • 2 984

  • SandRhoman History
    SandRhoman History  2 жыл бұрын +354

    Thanks to Audible for sponsoring this video! Start listening with a 30-day Audible trial. Choose one audiobook and two Audible Originals absolutely free: audible.com/sandrhoman or text sandrhoman to 500-500.

    • Jared
      Jared 8 ай бұрын

      @SandRhoman History you made a mistake when starting at 3:24 you said the OTTOMANs appointed a generali de Candia to govern the civil and military affairs of the island in times of crisis. You meant the Venetian government of Crete

    • Novkorova
      Novkorova 11 ай бұрын

      Will there ever be a video on the longest one, the siege of Ceuta?

    • TJ O
      TJ O  Жыл бұрын

      This is like the american assult on the less equipped army of Afghanistan but it's successful.

    • xavi sanchez
      xavi sanchez  Жыл бұрын

      Boycott Amazon

    • Louis Rhode
      Louis Rhode  Жыл бұрын

      Ii8iii iiiiiiiiiiii8iiiii

  • bombfog1
    bombfog1 2 жыл бұрын +3047

    I do prefer these longer histories, but I also understand that these take a great effort to make. Your efforts are greatly appreciated.

    • mrbisshie
      mrbisshie 19 күн бұрын +1

      I'm just thinking, god damn, was this god forsaken island really worth attacking for 20+ years?

    • David Clark
      David Clark 7 ай бұрын +1

      True it takes a lot of work and effort

    • august west
      august west 10 ай бұрын

      i am sure it started as a "special military operation"

    • Michael Delisieux
      Michael Delisieux 11 ай бұрын

      "History" like the Bible, is the biggest story ever told!

    • Randal Loshbough
      Randal Loshbough 11 ай бұрын +1

      True words

  • Yekta Adıgüzel
    Yekta Adıgüzel 2 жыл бұрын +4539

    “Let’s go. In and out. 20 minutes adventure. “
    -Ottoman Grand Vizier before the siege of Candia

    • Bread
      Bread 27 күн бұрын

      @aksmex well they didn't say WHICH christmas

    • Ahmad Naser
      Ahmad Naser Ай бұрын

      @Cyfertea we never had holiday in ramazan ,, from a muslim country

    • Randy Magnum
      Randy Magnum 10 ай бұрын

      @Matias, The Carpenter sounds productive

    • Randy Magnum
      Randy Magnum 10 ай бұрын

      Mission accomplished, heh heh heh.

  • Neutron Alchemist
    Neutron Alchemist 2 жыл бұрын +1428

    The Grand Vizir to the Sultan: "We have weakened them sir!"
    The Sultan: "How?"
    The Grand Vizir: "They got old!"

    • anemicsilence
      anemicsilence 5 күн бұрын +1


    • krishnenduray175
      krishnenduray175 Ай бұрын

      wrong ..we allowed the french to enter

    • The Sexy Batman
      The Sexy Batman 10 ай бұрын +6

      The Sultan: "But so did we."

    • Logan Bode
      Logan Bode 10 ай бұрын +1

      @GuderII funniest part when they pulled up to run away

    • Dimas Ady
      Dimas Ady  Жыл бұрын +8


  • VoteCthulhu
    VoteCthulhu  Жыл бұрын +375

    Step 1: Barge into the siege
    Step 2: Make it obvious to the enemy that you arrived
    Step 3 Randomly assault the attackers without familiarising yourself with the terrain
    Step 4: Loose most of your forces
    Step 5: Refuse to fix any of the defences
    Step 6: Leave
    Based french

    • Eduardo Borges
      Eduardo Borges 20 күн бұрын +7

      @Kipter 1999 they were not any more or less incompetent then classical armies on average. We can find examples of such foolery in classical wars, and also, history writes as it wants to. If that sally out drove the ottomans away and was a success, we would be talking about how cool the charge was like we do about the winged hussars in viena. Its easy to speak after it happens.

    • Kipter 1999
      Kipter 1999 20 күн бұрын +3

      Its really weird how incompetent medieval armies were compared to classical ones

    • Eduardo Borges
      Eduardo Borges 28 күн бұрын +3

      The French way

  • BL1zZ4Rth
    BL1zZ4Rth 2 жыл бұрын +1929

    I live in the city, no more than 5 minutes away from the center, and there is fountain called Morosini there. A couple of the venetian buildings are still standing and used for various purposes. The part of the city inside the walls is maze-like and narrow as it was during the siege and a good part of the walls and and some of the bastions are still standing, especially on the west and south, along with 3 of the main gates of the city. The walls are mind bogglingly wide, layed with grass, like a park, great for a stroll. It's a shame I'd never heard of this siege before.

    • Ku龜。Tâibûn台文
      Ku龜。Tâibûn台文 6 ай бұрын

      @Theguyunderyourbed Make sense

    • Theguyunderyourbed
      Theguyunderyourbed 10 ай бұрын +1

      @chud bud unfortunately in greek schools there's a big gap that is not covered in history lessons unless you take history as an elective in high school and even then I'm not sure how deep they get into it because I didn't take history myself. Basically the history that is taught begins in the ancient times and goes over all the kingdoms and empires, then it shifts focus onto the byzantine empire's history up until the point of its demise and then picks up again after the greek revolutionary war in the 19th century. This means there's about a 400 year gap that is not mentioned at all. This is in no small part due to a deliberate focus on the "better" parts of history while glossing over defeats and subjugation. However it's also worth noting that even though the modern greek territory did of course have ethnically greek inhabitants since antiquity, during many periods as well as that one the land was occupied by foreign powers. So yes the island of Crete is greek but the events in this video whilst very interesting are not exactly "greek history" rather they're venetian and ottoman history taking place in Crete.

    • Marios Detorakis
      Marios Detorakis 11 ай бұрын

      γεια σου συντεκνάκη καστρινό

    • Green Wave
      Green Wave 11 ай бұрын

      Gotta be pretty cool to find out that you live in a city that was host to one of the very most epic battles in human history!!! Time to explore!

  • CharlesOffdensen
    CharlesOffdensen 2 жыл бұрын +347

    The French: "You are not brave enough."
    Also the French: proceed to leave the city.

    • Squaul DuNéant
      Squaul DuNéant 5 ай бұрын +7

      Ah yes famous quote recorded in a time with trustable recording device.

  • BoilingPoint
    BoilingPoint 2 жыл бұрын +1701

    - Defends the town for over two decades
    - Frogs arrive to help
    - "Undefendable." **proceeds to fuck off**
    - Morale destroyed
    The worst enemy is a french ally.

      SHADOWNIGHT 15 күн бұрын

      @Spruce Evergreen da fuq?!?! gtfo here historic scrub nerd

    • Bebidas
      Bebidas 2 ай бұрын

      @Spruce Evergreen Well actually the Americans were able to build up a disciplined army because of some ga prussian guy

    • Kunai Flex
      Kunai Flex 3 ай бұрын


  • Abraxium
    Abraxium 2 жыл бұрын +1285

    "In general, the Venetians held the upper hand on sea, but they failed to transform their dominance into *con-crete* results"

    • Telemetrik Longwalk
      Telemetrik Longwalk 8 ай бұрын +1

      @Spider Jerusalem Romans had better concrete than we use

    • Просто Илья
      Просто Илья 8 ай бұрын +1

      @Spider Jerusalem I'm not sure, but Romans?

    • Spider Jerusalem
      Spider Jerusalem 10 ай бұрын

      There were no concrete in 17th century.

    • Greco Cabanero
      Greco Cabanero  Жыл бұрын +1

      @Abraxium please add some more.

    • Abraxium
      Abraxium 2 жыл бұрын +7

      Addendum : The French saw the con and added a -tra!
      I'll stop now :(

  • Ed White
    Ed White 2 жыл бұрын +628

    You know your seige is not going well when after 20 years the garrison still has cavalry

    • Sourgass
      Sourgass 10 ай бұрын +15

      @Takezo Kimura They had time to breed more bloody humans LMAO

    • Erwin 🇺🇦
      Erwin 🇺🇦  Жыл бұрын +17

      @Takezo Kimura that just means its going fine for the defenders XD

    • woonie
      woonie  Жыл бұрын +42

      @Takezo Kimura well… that proves his point even more doesn’t it?

    • Takezo Kimura
      Takezo Kimura  Жыл бұрын +70

      They had time to breed more horses.

    • HOT ice PARTY
      HOT ice PARTY  Жыл бұрын +4

      @MrRamazanLale2 epic burn

  • Κωσταντινος Παιγνιωτακης

    A couple of fun facts from a local in Herakleion. First, some of the ottoman fortresses build for the siege around Candia still stand and the small towns developed around them are now suburbs of the city.
    Second, during WW2 the population of Herakleion took cover from the air raids of the german air force inside the city walls. This proved to be a wise move since the city was heavily bombed and many buildings were left in rubles, but the walls did not crumble.

    • Yian St
      Yian St 7 ай бұрын

      Thats interesting. Where these sieges were located?

    • Jack Thelad
      Jack Thelad  Жыл бұрын +2

      I was there in 2018 - loved Crete and stayed a week at Chania and a week at Heraklion. Walked the walls and much of the old city. Great vibe. I look forward to getting back there one day when this BS plague is sorted out.

    • Κωσταντινος Παιγνιωτακης
      Κωσταντινος Παιγνιωτακης 2 жыл бұрын +17

      John Adams Actually, outside of Chania, a city in western Crete, there is a pretty big graveyard for the fallen fallschirmjagers. However, as this video proves, the battle of Crete was a massive victory for them since they took over the whole island in only 12 days instead of the roughly 7500 it took the ottomans.

  • Hi Bye
    Hi Bye 2 жыл бұрын +794

    The amount arrogance you would have to criticize a commander after they have went through holding on to a besieged settlement for years is staggering in itself.

    • Wolkrieth
      Wolkrieth 6 ай бұрын +5

      @My productions Because the Ottoman Empire was the single most significant slave power of that era.

    • D Mac
      D Mac 8 ай бұрын

      @Noi Jadis Cailleach You poor thing.

    • user.equalto.Null
      user.equalto.Null 8 ай бұрын

      @Tony Sparks because they were Muslim, and homosexuality was even more illegal than it was in Europe.

    • Bill
      Bill 9 ай бұрын +4

      @My productions Because slavery was a big thing in the Ottoman's empire.

    • My productions
      My productions 9 ай бұрын

      @ManoNegraCG why do they have to be slaves ? stop watching movies.....

  • Iain Ballas
    Iain Ballas  Жыл бұрын +52

    The reinforcements broke before the defenders did.
    I loved the "Cadia Stands" reference. Perfect for this kind of story.

    • Dapper Bunch
      Dapper Bunch 4 күн бұрын +1

      The City Broke Before The Guard!

  • Aku6Soku1Zan
    Aku6Soku1Zan 2 жыл бұрын +4785

    The French did more damage to the defenders than the ottomans.

    • It's Zep
      It's Zep 29 минут бұрын

      I mean, french only has 2 very good figures in their history and after those figures died the French became weak again.

    • Mira Moche
      Mira Moche 23 сағат бұрын

      @Mihai english is some mix of german and french, but on the military aspect, almost every word is french 🥳

    • Mihai
      Mihai 23 сағат бұрын

      @Mira Moche English is a german language
      So by your logic I am speaking German too.
      Yes English has french in it, but I speak and understand English, I don’t understand French. I am Romanian too btw. Spanish and Italian are way more relatable then French.

    • Mira Moche
      Mira Moche Күн бұрын

      ​​​@Mihai Except when you're talking about war, you must use 1 english word and 500 french words, starting with the word War and basically every single title, rank etc .. 😂
      And basically 30/40% of english is already french anyway.
      So yes, you speak english, i don't have to translate much as a french, i just anglicize french words and voilà. 😂

  • The Ilustrado
    The Ilustrado 2 жыл бұрын +2093

    "Maybe the real Siege of Candia was the friends we made along the way."
    - Some Venetian or Ottoman infantryman

    • Noi Jadis Cailleach
      Noi Jadis Cailleach  Жыл бұрын +1

      @LessCommonKnowledge That shovel's name was Wilson, at one point. I bet.

    • jackdonith
      jackdonith  Жыл бұрын

      In 21 years you make not just friends but kids, lol, grandkids even!

    • blas
      blas  Жыл бұрын

      @Fajar Anugraha fuck yeah

    • Nathanael Keller
      Nathanael Keller  Жыл бұрын +2

      What friends, the French?

    • tomurg
      tomurg  Жыл бұрын +1

      Yeah like Hitler said in the movie Look Who’s Back “with comrades your shared the trenches”

  • Horváth Richárd
    Horváth Richárd 2 жыл бұрын +1610

    Venetian general: The siege was going well. Then we got French reinforcements...

    • BOBA
      BOBA Ай бұрын

      @CPP maybe, short of falling apart in WWII

    • Mira Moche
      Mira Moche 3 ай бұрын

      @Francois Smit You name, François, it literally mean French, in old French.
      Now, we're Français, but before, we were Francois 😂

    • Mira Moche
      Mira Moche 3 ай бұрын

      @Francois Smit "mere peasant woman"
      you mean Saint Joan Of Arc, virgin warrior who pushed back the English by listening to the words of God, shocked the priest that were supposed to trial her, when they asked her "Are you in the grace of God?" thinking that there's no good answer to provide, if she say Yes she's presomptuous, proud et cætera which are sins, and if she says no then she listen to the devil, and yet responded "If i am, may He keep me in it. If i'm not, may He put me in it." ?
      Lol, we have nothing but pride for Joan of Arc, she's the ultimate symbol, her statue is in my church, with her armour and her flag in her hand.

      SOBER MAN 4 ай бұрын

      please guys this is just a joke don't be so offended by this

  • day ros
    day ros  Жыл бұрын +184

    Morosini later became Doge of Venice, and kept fighting the Ottomans, conquering all of the peloponnese in the Morean war. Fun fact, his embalmed cat is on display in the Museum Correr, in the famous San Marco square in Venice :)

    • Yowo
      Yowo 8 ай бұрын

      @renkov mi-wow🙀

    • War Pigs
      War Pigs 9 ай бұрын +8

      Wow. Bet no one dared criticize him after that counter offense.

    • Halcón Sierreño
      Halcón Sierreño 11 ай бұрын +7

      Such conquer, very battle.

    • renkov
      renkov  Жыл бұрын +8

      Much wow

  • براہمداغ
    براہمداغ 2 жыл бұрын +1734

    "The result of their chivalric landing were several dead musketeers"
    "Rich booty taken from French Nobility and head money"
    "Refused to make defenses"
    Oh the French, please don't ever change.

    • Ahmad Naser
      Ahmad Naser Ай бұрын

      @Léon Rothier come on we all know germany losing both wars were not because of the french

    • Jean Ladoire
      Jean Ladoire 4 ай бұрын

      @Willian Pederiva rout is an English word, taken from the french "une déroute" wich means to push someone out of his way, basically kicking their ass and making them retreat, like in a lot of battles of the 2nd half of the 100 years war, where the cocky English grew too confident

    • Squaul DuNéant
      Squaul DuNéant 5 ай бұрын

      @Willian Pederiva Actually No.

    • TheLoyalOfficer
      TheLoyalOfficer 8 ай бұрын

      @Luis Castaneda They would have been a lot better off not fighting us at all. China rewarded them with an invasion of their own in 1979! And what did the Soviets do for them other than give them weapons that they did not need?

    • Luis Castaneda
      Luis Castaneda 8 ай бұрын

      @Hamlowe and they surrendered 2 weeks later lol

  • guest273
    guest273  Жыл бұрын +110

    Francesco Morosini: *Holds Candia for 21 years straight*
    Philipp II: Nah fam, this ain't holdable, I'm out, cya! *Leaves while shattering troop morale*

  • shrimpboom8
    shrimpboom8 2 жыл бұрын +1498

    The French retreated so hard a city that had been under siege for the past 20 years fell because of it.

    • Squaul DuNéant
      Squaul DuNéant 5 ай бұрын

      That's why you call a real tactical military retreat ! Making others crumbling while healing away !

    • Yowo
      Yowo 8 ай бұрын

      @Agung Madika naturally😉, they yelled ''auf wiedersehen in Paris'' to the fleeing French.

    • Randy Magnum
      Randy Magnum 10 ай бұрын

      @Le Baguette or the Frnch and Russians, respectively

    • Green Wave
      Green Wave 10 ай бұрын +1

      @sinephase They won a few football matches while they were there and showed the locals how to kiss too

    • sinephase
      sinephase 10 ай бұрын +3

      Came in arrogant enough to think they alone knew the answer to breaking the siege. Lost, eventually gave up. Yeah, sounds pretty damn French to me LOL

  • Darius Tiapula
    Darius Tiapula 2 жыл бұрын +301

    The cat was clearly a tactical genius and or siege expert.

    • Natlee
      Natlee 12 күн бұрын

      @Stefano Camonithat is so cool…

    • komiks42
      komiks42  Жыл бұрын +6

      Plot twist- the cat was actualy the commander

    • Syphaxis
      Syphaxis  Жыл бұрын +8

      That cat felt at home in a warzone. That cat probably wouldn't blink at things going off that would make hardened men piss themselves. That cat must have been a fucking BOSS.
      No wonder the commander took him along everywhere. I would too.

    • Romuland Meier
      Romuland Meier 2 жыл бұрын +12

      @Stefano Camoni Really? That's cool.
      It's like a old Egyptian God who protect his followers then.

    • Stefano Camoni
      Stefano Camoni 2 жыл бұрын +27

      You can see It in the Museum of piazza s.Marco in Venice... Mummified like a celebrity.

  • Christopher Beer
    Christopher Beer 2 жыл бұрын +589

    For those wondering as I did, what the longest siege in recorded history was: The SIege of Ceuta 1694-1727.

    • Déchireur
      Déchireur 2 ай бұрын +1

      @Ammar Haziq If I understand correctly, the attack on Candia lasted 21 years because the ottomans did not have enough men to take the city and the defenders did not have enough to defeat the ottomans? What gave a blockade on land, where the defenders could only get out by sea at the risk of being killed? So in reality, the part with real fights didn't last 21 years. It was more of a 21-year blockade with occasional fighting than incessant cannon fire and assaults for 21 years straight. The Ottomans settled as if they were at home, with more or less violent phases. The Ottomans had access to the ground, so had to have reinforcements from time to time, and the same for the city with their access to the sea...

    • Duxae
      Duxae 11 ай бұрын +2

      I hope sandrhoman makes a docu on this one too

    • Jan Schropfer
      Jan Schropfer  Жыл бұрын +9

      I think the Ceuta siege(s) cannot be considered longest, cause during that siege it changed owner 3 times. As a single siege campaign Candia is the longest.

    • Ammar Haziq
      Ammar Haziq  Жыл бұрын +7

      Candia is harder to defend because Venice lose their naval battle to bigger ottoman fleets, all the resupply of the city is through careful smuggling, at two sieges of Ceuta Morocco fleets is not even close to challenge the way bigger spanish fleets, spain dominance at sea was clear as day and they can resupply Cueta easily without any difficulties.

    • Mrngdw
      Mrngdw  Жыл бұрын +15

      Ceuta was not a continuous siege, it was a series of sieges.

    CIVCI 2 жыл бұрын +50

    As an Ottoman grandson i have much respect for Morosini and the Venetians, they have big balls and genious tactics on the battlefield. Your biggest mistake was to trust the French

  • Ask Cheer Bear
    Ask Cheer Bear 2 жыл бұрын +414

    Throughout the entire length of the siege, someone would have been born, started kindergarten before graduated high school, got a good paying job, met and married a woman, bore a son and bought a plot of land and lived in their own house, with a few months to spare before the siege was even over.

    • XykuJoxa
      XykuJoxa 10 ай бұрын

      @Chris Medina Education perhaps, but trade work no. Children were utilized very early on to help in any way possible, be it food production, maintaining weapons, etc.. The boys fought when they were of age. I'd argue that any youth whom grew up there ended up being incredibly grizzled and capable of withstanding any hardships in life.

    • Chris Medina
      Chris Medina 11 ай бұрын

      In reality it prob led to a "lost" generation. I imagine education and trade work fell during that period, leading to a hearty and world weary generation of 20 yo's that resemble 40 y.o's. Various psychological issues, etc. But hey they knew how to survive.

    • Kron Staro
      Kron Staro  Жыл бұрын

      except, no kindergartens, highschools or good paying jobs.

    • Alvin Lin
      Alvin Lin 2 жыл бұрын +2

      The more likely event would be that he lived through constant Turkish bombardment until he’s old enough yo fight and then died in defending his city

    • Walter Weiss
      Walter Weiss 2 жыл бұрын

      yep, meanwhile a Swedish-Polish war was passing during these years, with another famous siege

  • SkywalkerExpress
    SkywalkerExpress 2 жыл бұрын +87

    21yrs of siege : an Ottoman could join the war as a sapper and by the time the war ended he already a Professor of Geology

  • Chadicus Maximus
    Chadicus Maximus 2 жыл бұрын +2109

    Candia stands! The city broke before the Garrison did!

    • Someone
      Someone 10 ай бұрын

      Imagine a dude that unfamiliar with W40k reading these comments

    • Takeback the holyland
      Takeback the holyland  Жыл бұрын +3

      @Zoomer Stasi Dude Im an Iron warriors chaos marine enjoyer and even im taken a back. Yeah Chaos defo won this one without a doubt but christ you word it just like how Perturabo would and it's only making our victory seem more that petty

    • N1ghtStalker
      N1ghtStalker  Жыл бұрын

      Except the guards surrendered first, but hey gotta keep a terrible meme alive somehow.

    • Chaotix Fox
      Chaotix Fox  Жыл бұрын +7

      @Zoomer Stasi My main problem with you is the absoluty dastardly downplay being performed on the giant rock. With even basic mathematical calculations you will find that not only are giant rocks quite durable, they also have a tendency to cause mass extinction events when they touch down.

    • otter sir otten
      otter sir otten  Жыл бұрын

      @Fastwinstondoom You saying that like its a bad thing

  • Amogus
    Amogus 2 жыл бұрын +128

    In Venetian you can call a very thin person "seco/a incandio/a" and the say dates back to when the survivors of Candia returned to Venice and the population of the city witnessed their poor conditions
    Anyway great video covering an almost forgotten but long war, the first Morean war and the key role which Morosini played in it would be a great sequel

    • Erik Runge Madsen
      Erik Runge Madsen 2 жыл бұрын +16

      I hope they plied those veterans with plenty of beer and vine when they returned, they earned it.

  • samiamrg7
    samiamrg7 2 жыл бұрын +58

    This was almost like a 17th century edition of a world war 1 battle. The majority of the time is spent slowly digging and shelling and building with sporadic and bloody conflict, all the while being plagued by morale issues (and also actual plague).

    • Jevin Liu
      Jevin Liu  Жыл бұрын +5

      Well, that describes the entirety of the "Staggering Sieges" series, to be fair

  • Ian Tarry
    Ian Tarry  Жыл бұрын +9

    You do realise that this single siege lasted twice as long as Napoleon's empire and how many battles did he fight. Man!

  • Harald Baldr
    Harald Baldr 2 жыл бұрын +253

    Harald Approves of your epic story telling and animation skills 👍
    (subbed & liked)

    • Mr Wonder
      Mr Wonder 10 ай бұрын

      Baldy were r u 😂

    • 0ceanjuice
      0ceanjuice  Жыл бұрын

      @DigitalNomad and you are no one.

  • Ethan
    Ethan  Жыл бұрын +12

    Absolutely loved this, wish there was more content like this on the site. Brilliantly produced considering how much effort it must've taken

  • Corp Neo
    Corp Neo 2 жыл бұрын +892

    _"The Siege is not a strategic move, it's a way of life."_

    • Super Phillion
      Super Phillion  Жыл бұрын

      This is the siege of candia.

    • Noi Jadis Cailleach
      Noi Jadis Cailleach  Жыл бұрын

      @Rene Dekart ~some guy born as a baby and died as a teenager in a siege.

    • J.F. Fisher
      J.F. Fisher  Жыл бұрын

      @Björn Larsson pretty much the attitude of every noble or U.S. President ever.

    • MK Ultra
      MK Ultra 2 жыл бұрын +4

      _"its a way of life"_
      _And death..._

    • Rene Dekart
      Rene Dekart 2 жыл бұрын +8

      @Chris Rosenkreuz ~some guy that lived and died in a siege*

  • AHappyCub
    AHappyCub 2 жыл бұрын +316

    So this is why my armies kept failing at 99% siege in EU4

    • Greywolf757
      Greywolf757 3 күн бұрын

      @Flimpeen Flarmpoon They were probably joking.

    • SergoDobro
      SergoDobro  Жыл бұрын +1

      They just needed a bit more troops to start the siege actually)

    • shabda singh
      shabda singh  Жыл бұрын +4

      @Agung Madika if Prussia is at its prime with adequate manpower then it will destroy any nation.

    • Flimpeen Flarmpoon
      Flimpeen Flarmpoon  Жыл бұрын +1

      It's impossible to fail a 99% siege.

    • Agung Madika
      Agung Madika 2 жыл бұрын +1

      Big blue blop is awesome you know,until prussia formed😅

    VASILEIOS KAIMAKIS 2 жыл бұрын +205

    So sad that the defenders lost after all that brave fight they had made.

    • KLQL Kirin
      KLQL Kirin 20 сағат бұрын

      @Valton Tony As if Allah also intended the Turkish genocide of Armenians, Kurds, and Greeks. This is possible only if Allah is a false god.

    • Valton Tony
      Valton Tony Күн бұрын

      ​@KLQL Kirinnever, Allah has always intended it to become Muslim

    • Ammar Haziq
      Ammar Haziq 2 ай бұрын

      Create belongs to Greece not italian venitians.

  • signoguns
    signoguns  Жыл бұрын

    Your animation style is genuinely brilliant. Very unique and memorable.

  • Lukecis
    Lukecis 2 жыл бұрын +212

    Holy Cannoli, thats long enough for someone to be born at the start of the siege, live their entire life under siege and be a fully grown adult by the end, perhaps even dying defending in the same siege they were born in!

    • Back Stabber
      Back Stabber  Жыл бұрын

      @Political Puppet Theatre when were they whipped?

    • Thess OP
      Thess OP  Жыл бұрын

      @Anonymous thats so true

  • cocoNUTdestroyer
    cocoNUTdestroyer 2 жыл бұрын +48

    French: "You are a coward!"
    Also French: *RAN AWAY COWARDLY*

  • Robbie R
    Robbie R 2 жыл бұрын +359

    Your attention to detail is absolutely stunning. From the Ottoman battles flags you had hanging in the cannon forgery to the Venetian commander's cat, you create such an immersive, entertaining, and education experience! Thank you for doing what you do :)

    • Squaul DuNéant
      Squaul DuNéant 5 ай бұрын

      Yeah it would cool if he could commit even more in this style of animation ! Irt's so good!

  • alder24
    alder24 2 жыл бұрын +80

    It looks like average EU4 siege. 21 years and still standing strong.
    Amazing video of the highest quality! It's pure pleasure to watch you.

    • Shotgun Parley
      Shotgun Parley  Жыл бұрын +1

      Only if that is you siegeing an AI fort
      If it is an AI siegeing your fort it'll last a year tops

  • Ironwing Darkmoon
    Ironwing Darkmoon 2 жыл бұрын +174

    It looks like the French noblemen behaved the same as their ancestors did during the battles of Crecy and Azincourt.

    • P T
      P T 8 ай бұрын

      or Patay and Castrillon

    • tunga studio
      tunga studio  Жыл бұрын

      Elivinture Ottomans were about 30k crusaders were about 20k and a minor part of them were french

    • Ravkrat
      Ravkrat  Жыл бұрын

      @xenotypos aye,and there is a reason the french had the reputation they did. dont like it? to bad.

    • C Mn
      C Mn  Жыл бұрын +3

      Yet they still kicked the English and Flemish ass out of France

    • Bogdan ***
      Bogdan *** 2 жыл бұрын +4

      @xenotypos The armies were similar in numbers, the Ottoman army was a bit larger, but not double. The French knights were quite competent the problem was their leader, John of Burgundy, the guy was the iconic spoiled child of a rich family. Because the main part of the western army was made by Burgundians, he used this to get its command. His tactics were supported by other juvenile French knights, that were very enthusiastic but with no combat experience. The older knights were competent, but they had no power over Burgundian prince's decisions.

  • Aasem Ahsan
    Aasem Ahsan 5 ай бұрын +9

    1:07 Ottomans prepare to attack Crete after Malta attacks Ottoman ship
    4:14 Cretan War
    6:32 Preparations
    8:42 Siege of Candia begins under Gazi Huseyn Pasha
    12:41 War at Sea
    15:23 Ahmed Köprülü Pasha fully focuses on Candia after the conclusion of Austro-Turkish War (1663-1664)
    20:32 Mine warfare
    22:10 Ottomans breach the wall but the defenders manage to hold them back
    23:51 Cease in siege because of winter rains
    27:13 Siege restarts
    28:27 Problems in the Ottoman camp
    30:11 Costs of the war & failed peace negotiations
    31:49 Siege restarts again
    33:40 French, Maltese & Papal reinforcements
    33:55 Allied force's failure & Ottoman victory
    38:13 Result of the war & casualties

  • wintersnoob
    wintersnoob 2 жыл бұрын +31

    Imagine that: Cretan soldiers could grow a family and have their son grow and also fight in the siege all during this period.

    • Jack
      Jack 10 ай бұрын

      sounds like it could be a romeo and juliet esque story. Parents from either side or sibling fighting on the other side would be quite interesting

    • Neutron Alchemist
      Neutron Alchemist 2 жыл бұрын +8

      You did born in a city under siege, and grow up to become one of the defenders on the walls.

  • BirdBoy
    BirdBoy 2 жыл бұрын +2

    This is so interesting. I wonder if there are any games that capture the scale and complexity of these kinds of sieges.

  • Boilling Raviolli
    Boilling Raviolli 2 жыл бұрын +1544

    The French: well My Job here is done
    Morosini: but you didn't do anything
    The French: Leaves

    • Super Phillion
      Super Phillion  Жыл бұрын

      The ottoman intention to stay where they were.

    • Padoru
      Padoru  Жыл бұрын

      @Andrés Valverde 17

    • Padoru
      Padoru  Жыл бұрын

      @Andrés Valverde q7

    • Padoru
      Padoru  Жыл бұрын

      @xenotypos They would never win trying to attack

    • JediMind Trix
      JediMind Trix  Жыл бұрын

      @xenotypos It seems that if the flagship of the armada that came in the later part of the siege would not have been blown up that fleet would have stayed together. If they did so they would have been able to bombard the positions of the Ottomans while the defenders attacked and pushed forward. Maybe a very different outcome?

  • Runi
    Runi 2 жыл бұрын +27

    I wanna hear more about that Francesco Morosini character and his fighting feline sidekick!

    • Ipsylon
      Ipsylon  Жыл бұрын +6

      Ending fells bad man, he held a fricking siege for 20 years and the venetian senate complains. What else did you want? a hundred years siege?

    • Jacopo Folin
      Jacopo Folin 2 жыл бұрын +6

      @Neutron Alchemist ahahahah what a chad, rip for the parthenon

    • Neutron Alchemist
      Neutron Alchemist 2 жыл бұрын +18

      15 Years later he captured the Peloponnese from the Ottomans and held it for 14 years, occupying the same Athen for two years. It had been a Venician cannonball fired in that occasion that made the powder magazine the Ottomans put in the Parthenon explode. It's said that Morosini, informed about the "unfortunate" event commented "Unfortunate? I hit it with the first shot!"

  • Keanu Ortiz
    Keanu Ortiz 2 жыл бұрын +27

    Imagine being born inside the city at the start of the war and living the most of ur early years thinking that a siege is a part of normal life

  • Trung Nguyen
    Trung Nguyen  Жыл бұрын

    One of my favorite channels. Amazing animations, as always. Please, keep up your good work. 👍

  • Ahmet
    Ahmet 2 жыл бұрын +53

    In Ottoman side there were many internal struggles bind their hand. First commander Yusuf pasha who took most of the island executed by Sultan Ibrahim's order. Political struggles costed so much even capable commanders fall victim like Huseyin pasha. Koprulu Mehmet pasha took the power and ended political struggles but he couldn't succeded Candia Siege. In the end his son Koprulu Ahmet Pasha finished job.
    All that fight between Ottoman and Venetia over Candia, they lost too much but everything benefited Greeks in the end.

    • Eye of the Pyramid
      Eye of the Pyramid 10 ай бұрын

      Wait how

    • Cagdas Ozkan
      Cagdas Ozkan  Жыл бұрын +15

      "Win without firing a single bullet, by whining and provocation" -Greek proverb

  • Kosmas 173
    Kosmas 173 2 жыл бұрын +4

    Most of Candia's fortifications still stand today and can be visited.

  • Nottellin yuo
    Nottellin yuo 2 жыл бұрын +186

    "Nice defense you put up here. Be ashamed if someone made you... Surrender."
    -Philipp II Duke of Navailles

  • Avery Shaw
    Avery Shaw 2 жыл бұрын +16

    The best history channel on youtube right now. Incredible video on a subject Ive never heard of before, with tons of effort put in and really good production

  • aksmex
    aksmex 2 жыл бұрын +142

    I don't know if I am more impressed with the Venetian and Candian resilience and will or with the Ottoman dedication.

    • Chris Medina
      Chris Medina 11 ай бұрын

      @Ingold If they did it wasn't by much at a time since fatigue and several near mutinies happened, meaning a great deal of Ottoman troops were there for faaaaar too long. Just staring at those damn walls.....for years.....

    • RAIDER
      RAIDER 2 жыл бұрын +10

      Both fought bravely and wisely this siege was full of traps and riddles to breach the city or lift siege, literally mind blowing

    • boulderbash19700209
      boulderbash19700209 2 жыл бұрын +5

      @M1xwel TH The supporting role that ruined the movie.

    • gangnam style
      gangnam style 2 жыл бұрын +62

      I'm most impressed by the French....they single handedly managed to turn the tides of war and bravely run away.

    • Ingold
      Ingold 2 жыл бұрын +3

      Did the Ottomans rotate their forces out?

  • Sean Duffy
    Sean Duffy  Жыл бұрын

    I didn't how the siege ended, so this whole documentary was like a thriller to me! Great job!

  • Кирилл Калюжин
    Кирилл Калюжин 2 жыл бұрын +5

    Меня не перестает удивлять решительность людей, которые делают настолько качественный контент и не просят за него ничего. Благодаря этим энтузиастам, тысячи людей могут по-настоящему наслаждаться историей. Спасибо!


    As a Cretan myself, I greatly appreciate the effort you have put in this research. It truly is a shame, but most Greeks, including Cretans, have never actually heard of it. Thankfully, people like you arise every now and then and render these astonishing moments of history accessible to a greater audience.

  • Litl Punch
    Litl Punch 2 жыл бұрын +165

    After a couple of years, you would think an invading nation would find it too costly to keep on sieging

    • FifinatorKlon
      FifinatorKlon 19 күн бұрын

      ​@Aerilaya Nergaard Just for the record: why would you want to tell me your worthless opinion?
      Prussian people paid less taxes at a higher threshold. There were more holidays. Not everything was overly politicised. There was a sense of community. Rulers were forced to make long term decisions. Europe wasn't forced to take up every political movement from the US with a 5-15 year latency. It was beautiful. Clear responsibilities. Imagine having that again.
      There are no traditional monarchies left and my country had its monarchy taken by the US after WW1, and people didn't really like what came after. So I'd love to live in my country with a monarch like in pre WW1 Europe.
      How can you call other people idiot while setting up such irrelevant questions? Which system would you rather have?

    • FifinatorKlon
      FifinatorKlon 23 күн бұрын

      ​@Aerilaya NergaardYou appear to be the thing you are projecting upon others.
      By replying to a comment with actually sound arguments and structure with a mere ad hominem you are by all accounts of debate and discussion publicly accepting your own inferiority.

    • Aerilaya Nergaard
      Aerilaya Nergaard 23 күн бұрын

      @FifinatorKlon "The content of your comment begs to differ."
      By calling you an idiot, I was explicitly disagreeing with your opinion and thereby most certainly not conceding that it was superior.

    • FifinatorKlon
      FifinatorKlon 23 күн бұрын

      @Aerilaya Nergaard The content of your comment begs to differ.

  • edie guga
    edie guga 2 жыл бұрын +33

    The itallian hand gesture was the unknown buff that kept the siege so long, no strategy equiparates to that!

    • Sam-pie
      Sam-pie 6 ай бұрын +1

      that's how the defenders communicated when they couldn't hear each other over the cannon fire

  • William Speck
    William Speck 2 жыл бұрын +7

    I love these early modern siege videos. They are always exciting and dramatic tales, presented with good history and insight.

  • Nils Brown Music
    Nils Brown Music 2 жыл бұрын +1

    An all-time great KZclip. Great to have your technique honed so well, and you then dive into something so important, with such confidence. Molto bravo !

  • Oxtocoatl
    Oxtocoatl 2 жыл бұрын +8

    Recently found and binged all your siege videos and immediately subscribed in the hopes there would be more. Wasn't disappointed. Based on this body of knowledge, the 17th century was a golden age for military grade shovel manufacturers.

  • Tempest
    Tempest 10 ай бұрын

    These kind of stories makes me love history again. Thank you this was a great video.

  • Thermobaric Potato
    Thermobaric Potato 2 жыл бұрын +110

    I always love how you are still able to see where the walls once stood on google maps.
    Very nice video

    • astronautis1674
      astronautis1674 Ай бұрын

      Most of the walls are still up though. They're humongous, can't miss em!

    • miskas123456789
      miskas123456789 2 жыл бұрын +7

      I went to school on those walls :p
      Cheers from Crete!

  • Emanuel Neff
    Emanuel Neff 2 жыл бұрын +10

    Somehow I always feel that you have reached peak quality in your video, only for the next video to be even better. I love your style of explanation and always learn something new. Thanks for making the last 40mins of my life.

  • Aleksa Petrovic
    Aleksa Petrovic 2 жыл бұрын +11

    Can't you believe you covered it! I was wondering if you would do that, but I tought it was too ambitious. As far as I know this was the longest siege in history.

  • MrKakbuhn
    MrKakbuhn  Жыл бұрын

    This is truely mind blowing (pun intended). To think, that two armies faced off against each other in desperate fighting for as long as i have lived is unbelievable. If i was born in Candia, my entire life would have happened during the siege. Unthinkable!

  • John West
    John West 2 жыл бұрын +40

    Ahmed Köprülü after watching this and reading about his subsequent exploits strikes one as a formidable commander and statesman.

    • أبو سعد محمود
      أبو سعد محمود 4 күн бұрын

      Was he from Cicylia?

    • Donald Dudd
      Donald Dudd 2 жыл бұрын +5

      He owes his success to his father Koprulu Memhed Pasha.

    • Valery
      Valery 2 жыл бұрын +1

      Thanks to him Ottomans successed.

    • fatih imral
      fatih imral 2 жыл бұрын +6

      Well in school we were taught he was a good reformer grand vizier, who tried to prevent stagnation of the empire.

  • Per Ingmar
    Per Ingmar  Жыл бұрын +2

    Imagine being like 5 years when it started and living there. Must have been so hard for all those people.

  • TheAlpha38
    TheAlpha38 2 жыл бұрын +265

    Leave it to the french to turn a guaranteed victory into a completely pointless defeat. Shoutout to the Germans for staying with the Venetian heros until the very end!

    • si si
      si si 4 күн бұрын

      ​@Martin Juric well that island wasn't Venetian

    • Martin Juric
      Martin Juric Ай бұрын +2

      @Zenimi Nassim Nice moral relativism you got there. Hard disagreement. Those who defend their lands and families from foreign invasion are heroes

    • Sigsten Bockgård
      Sigsten Bockgård 11 ай бұрын +24

      @Zenimi Nassim there are here

    • Zenimi Nassim
      Zenimi Nassim 11 ай бұрын +7

      There are no heros

  • That one guy
    That one guy 2 жыл бұрын +3

    This has hands down become my favorite history channel. The level of detail along with the amazing visuals make every video worth watching even if the subject matter of the 1600’s has never quite captured me until this point.

  • M
    M 2 жыл бұрын +8

    These siege videos are absolute gold and the effort that goes into them deserves more subs, and as such I am commenting to increase your engagement with the algorithm

  • Mr Pear
    Mr Pear 10 ай бұрын +2

    Someone was born inside those walls, and likely knew nothing other than a life under siege.

  • Lukas
    Lukas 2 жыл бұрын +10

    how you guys have so much high quality drawings while posting every week or two? Ps: superb work with your videos!

  • Levi Herendeen
    Levi Herendeen 10 ай бұрын

    One guy who participated in this battle, Georg Rimpler, went on to participate in the second Siege of Vienna, where he died thanks to wounds sustained from a mine exploding while he had been examining a palisade wall.

  • Quintus
    Quintus 2 жыл бұрын +123

    When the video is nearly as long as the siege you know that this will be good!

    • J L
      J L 10 ай бұрын +2

      Tiktok generation

  • Dayvit78
    Dayvit78 2 жыл бұрын +17

    Your channel is amazing. I would love to see you expand to sea battles. If not, at least more sieges of Venice and Genoa.

    • Dayvit78
      Dayvit78 2 жыл бұрын +1

      @Eraldo Qazollari Of course it depends on his own interests. But as someone who loves artillery - either sieges or naval warfare are right up my alley. Originally he focused on pike & shot, but now he's done several siege videos and the presentation is just riveting. (I mean, making a 21 year long siege exciting - now that's skill).

    • Eraldo Qazollari
      Eraldo Qazollari 2 жыл бұрын

      I don't think there is a history channel on youtube that is focused on the naval warfare of this era which means that SandRhoman could make his channel bigger if he started to cover them.

  • korivantas
    korivantas 2 жыл бұрын +6

    During the 70's, when the city expand out of the walls (which they still exist to this day almost intact) several underground "battlefields" were found.

  • Sir Big
    Sir Big  Жыл бұрын +1

    That bit about Dr Salamon seems like a perfect set-up for some horror RPG scenario.

  • DangerDan
    DangerDan 2 жыл бұрын +2

    This siege truly was staggering. I had never heard about this before and I'm shocked that a city could even endure a siege for that long. The willpower of the defenders must have been astronomical. That goes for the attackers as well, but at least they weren't stuck inside the walls of a city.

    • Digitaaliklosetti
      Digitaaliklosetti 2 жыл бұрын +6

      I think by like year 10 you'd start thinking about maybe just building your own city or something

  • Anders Korsbäck
    Anders Korsbäck  Жыл бұрын +4

    Vienna: Look at me, I survived two months under Ottoman siege!
    Candia: That's cute.

    • Kornaros
      Kornaros  Жыл бұрын

      If only Handax had winged hussars...

  • CsStoker
    CsStoker 2 жыл бұрын +69

    So the French were trying to defend Candia or help the Ottomans?

    • Neutron Alchemist
      Neutron Alchemist 2 жыл бұрын +16

      @Sander Vercammen Tell that to the Ottomans.

    • Giulio Imparato
      Giulio Imparato 2 жыл бұрын +25

      to ally with the french it was and it is like putting a snake in your bed.

    • Andre Pettersson
      Andre Pettersson 2 жыл бұрын +37

      Considering French friendship with the Ottomans to weaken the Habsburgs the answer is most likely the latter.

  • Oblivius33
    Oblivius33 2 жыл бұрын +38

    I swear to god, my interactions with french guilds in online pvp-centric games has been more or less on the same level as Morrosini.
    A group of english people I was with decided it was a good idea to ally with either a French guild or a German guild to deal with a larger group that was harrassing the nearby areas.
    In the end the decided to go with the French. Who immediatly decidd it was a good idea to pokes the wasp nest and attack, on their own, the bigger clan, got absolutly decimate. Their reckless actions caused confused and panic among the allied guilds, who started arguing and then disbanded.

    • Phil
      Phil  Жыл бұрын +7

      "to ally with either a French guild or a German guild"
      well, at that point it was your own damn fault.

    • Syphaxis
      Syphaxis  Жыл бұрын +5

      "Alright bros let's do this, LEEEEEEEEROOOOOYYYY-"

    • Robert Olin
      Robert Olin  Жыл бұрын +7

      Life imitates art, art imitates life. C’est la vie.

    • Oblivius33
      Oblivius33 2 жыл бұрын +4

      @Ernesto Gastelum Last Oasis

    • Ernesto Gastelum
      Ernesto Gastelum 2 жыл бұрын +1

      what game are you talking about?

  • Libertine Vampire
    Libertine Vampire 2 жыл бұрын +32

    Sitting here in awe wondering why no game ever even tried to represent something like this. One day a game on this timeperiod will be made. it is sad that these two centuries are simple forgotten in favor of much simpler historical theaters when it comes to media. I enjoy the content but damn i wished i could play a simulation of this.
    And Why PLAY do you ask? Well, because i cannot comprehend the hell it was in real life. I can't begin to imagine the hell it was to be in this battle. I want to play a game with this stuff, not worship it or idolize it. I watch these videos to inform myself and i'm aware of how horrible it might have been. Still, curious and impetuous as men sim to naturally be, we can't help but wonder how would this be portrayed, be in a movie (as if hollywood would bother) or in a game, and be thoughroughly interested in these stories.
    Thank you for this video, i dare say it's your magnum opus. I was a bit disappointed why the siege of Ostende video but this is so perfectly executed within your budget (to which i'm very happy to make a small sum contribution) that i think it redeems anything you messed up. As far as information goes 10/10. As far as entretainment goes, 11/10.
    Just leaves two tastes, one bitter and one cheerful. The bitter taste of imagining the horror of this battle, and the merry thought of one day playing a game that has such absurd complexity as to simulate this and other sieges you cover and bring joy along with this video and this information
    Signed, Patreon and great fan, Nilfgaardian Embassador

    • Ayoub AZ
      Ayoub AZ  Жыл бұрын

      Empire total war. Not 17th century, but 18th.

    • TheRedHunter
      TheRedHunter 2 жыл бұрын

      well eu4 covers the time period decently well, but yeah no game truly has the feel like this seige

  • T33K3SS3LCH3N
    T33K3SS3LCH3N  Жыл бұрын +1

    Really puts modern battles in perspective - at Verdun, 40-60 million shells were fired for twice as many casualties in less than a year.

  • sarahhh
    sarahhh 2 жыл бұрын +2

    This video is basically a movie. Love it and appreciate all the effort you put into your work!

  • Adora
    Adora 2 жыл бұрын

    Wow! I was surprised at the production value of this video time after time while watching! Great job on this video

  • Napoléon I Bonaparte
    Napoléon I Bonaparte 2 жыл бұрын +442

    It's like growing up in a lockdown of *21 years...*

    • vinni mac
      vinni mac  Жыл бұрын +3

      just an entire generation to flatten the curve

    • dave someone
      dave someone 2 жыл бұрын +1

      @_ Argurios Look at total deaths from year to year. What am I afraid of again?

    • _ Argurios
      _ Argurios 2 жыл бұрын +4

      @dave someone i agree that it sucks but come on, "hiding from nothing" you make it sound pointless, which it really isn't, because more lives hold in the balance, in your country alone, than in the entire siege of Candia

    • freakinElvis
      freakinElvis 2 жыл бұрын +2

      Fauci says "hold my beer"

  • Clint Moor
    Clint Moor 2 жыл бұрын +2

    outstanding work! thanks for all the energy that you put into this!

  • Domchevski Miroslava
    Domchevski Miroslava 2 жыл бұрын +7

    I bet Candia war cries were "Candia broke before the guard"
    Nice that you incorporate 40k battle of Cadia in this video 👌

  • sinephase
    sinephase 10 ай бұрын +1

    crazy stuff, I had no idea that mine warfare was used like that in the 17th century. What a crazy feat of sheer willpower! :O

  • Nexeos
    Nexeos 2 жыл бұрын +2

    Your videos are getting better and better, fantastic job!

  • Psionetics
    Psionetics  Жыл бұрын

    Wow the production of this is insane! This is amazing work.

  • Kevin
    Kevin 2 жыл бұрын +123

    Candia broke before the guard did.

  • Tengy Td
    Tengy Td 2 жыл бұрын +2

    I love your videos! A good video idea may be the battle of Castillon at the end of the 100 years war, one of the first battles won by artillery. (the Osprey book about it is nice)

  • John Williams
    John Williams 2 жыл бұрын

    I have to say also I thoroughly loved this format of longer video, and your skills improving have been great to see

  • Sean Lacap
    Sean Lacap 2 жыл бұрын +6

    I'd besiege a city for 21 years myself if I thought Candia was Latin for "Land of Candy"

  • Wladyslaw der Streiter
    Wladyslaw der Streiter 2 жыл бұрын +5

    Another amazing work by SandRhoman. The french intervention was hilarious.

  • Wolfen443
    Wolfen443 2 жыл бұрын

    I loved the fun way you present your videos, is very informative and cool.

  • Dillon
    Dillon 2 жыл бұрын +12

    17:10 "Some of the most skillful engineers of Europe had been brought to the city, to use a saw against a stone structure"

  • Horny Dude
    Horny Dude 2 жыл бұрын +13

    This channel is honestly one of the best on this platform...amazing, informative and interesting videos that you can see a lot of effort was put in! Keep up the great work 👊

  • The_Morning_Star
    The_Morning_Star 2 жыл бұрын +1

    Really loved this one. You do great work. Much appreciated.