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Why China is losing the microchip war

  • Жарияланды 2023 ж. 6 Ақп.

Пікірлер • 5 969

  • Graham Flower
    Graham Flower Ай бұрын +1052

    As a person who has spent 35 years in silicon valley's chip industry, while this video has many things right it also misses many pieces of the puzzle. Labor cost is not the primary reason chip manufacturing moved offshore. A huge factor was that chip fabs are extremely expensive and capital for building them was very expensive in the USA in the 80s when this trend really ramped up. The inflation of the 70s was a mighty contributor to that. Yes, it is true that the south Korean and Taiwanese governments were very supportive of having their engineering students pursue graduate education in the USA and such students often dominated the Semiconductor section of American Graduate schools from at least the late 1970s. In my grad school 20 of 23 Research Assistants in Semiconductor physics were from either Taiwan or S. Korea. only 2 were Americans. Taiwan and S. Korea saw the strategic value while American politicians didnt distinguish between potato chips and semiconductor chips as one politico explicitly stated.

    • Bleached_Anus
      Bleached_Anus 9 сағат бұрын

      bootleg ben shapiro 😂

    • StarliskJanova
      StarliskJanova 2 күн бұрын +1

      @Joe but part of it is true too. EE is the safest way for your to achieve top 90% income percentile in US as well. Of course your dream might achieve such good living status, but probability just lower.

    • Graham Flower
      Graham Flower 3 күн бұрын +1

      @bassyey You may be right that Americans don't want to take factory jobs, but labor cost simply isnt the reason the factories moved offshore. Assembly moving offshore was labor cost related but not semiconductor fabs. semiconductor fabs are full of equipment that costs as much as 150 million dollars apiece. Its the cost of capital in the 80s that did it. Mortgages were as high as 17% in the 80s. Taiwan and Korean Governments were willing to subsidize fabs. Even now in passing the semiconductor act and its 52 billion, Samsung is putting up 5 times that amount by itself to build fabs in Korea. And the US government has put lots of extra conditions on the fabs once they are operating that are not helpful. Is the USA serious? Not really, it seems. The risk of Taiwan being taken over by force is pretty serious. Half the world's chips are fabricated there.

    • bassyey
      bassyey 3 күн бұрын

      But US is rich, all boils down to labor. Americans are too prideful and don't take factory jobs then complain their jobs are being stolen.

    • tooltalk
      tooltalk 3 күн бұрын

      @Redd Hong : just wondering, how low is TSMC's engineers wage in Taiwan?

  • Bobby Tan
    Bobby Tan Ай бұрын +2168

    The production of this is fantastic and really shows the pressures that both countries face. Great job by the production team.

    • Unwatchable videos
      Unwatchable videos Сағат бұрын

      I don't think both countries face pressure. US faces far greater pressure because of its very enlightened social constructs.
      For example, if an American had stolen secrets from work in China, it is not inconceivable to Chinese government to put all Americans in China under 24 hour surveillance, which would likely be supported by the Chinese population.
      US has a greater pressure because it is more enlightened when it comes to civil liberties.

    • Unknown Number
      Unknown Number 12 күн бұрын


    • Zach
      Zach Ай бұрын +5

      @Bhaskar Mehra if the y-axis is exponentially scaled, a straight line represents exponential growth. It’s not a “weird scale” and it is used often

  • Cobalt
    Cobalt Ай бұрын +1230

    As someone who works as a scientific glassblower for the semiconductor industry, it's really interesting to see the geopolitical impact of some of the components we use.
    We just make the glass and send it off, without really knowing how the apparatuses are used. This is the first time I've seen one of our customers mentioned outside of work.

    • Jin Jun Liu
      Jin Jun Liu Ай бұрын

      ​@Chibdibs First guy starts off saying that China's only mistake was in endangering US position of power. All the other countries teaming up with the US against China makes sense as they don't want to lose their position either and he ends by saying we'll see whoever wins the war.
      The other comments are about migrant Chinese and how views have been changing to more individualism and less socialism

    • Chibdibs
      Chibdibs Ай бұрын +1

      Really wish I knew what they were saying. Google translate is not doing me any favors.

  • Hyphen 2612
    Hyphen 2612 Ай бұрын +328

    Actually, before ASML became the exclusive supplier of advanced lithography machines, Canon and Nikon held significant market share. For quite a few years Japan and China had a fairly good economic relationship, and the Japanese companies assisted China in building their own lithography machines. China actually managed to put together machines capable of 90nm nodes by SMEE, though I don't think it's actually certified for production use yet. However, both the US and Japanese government had noticed this and are vowing to put a stop to it, making any advancements by SMEE very challenging.

      CHANGCHAD CHANAMDONG 7 күн бұрын +1

      ​@SFPhilo. Lol sure.

    • ashchbkv
      ashchbkv 29 күн бұрын +2

      "making any advancements by SMEE very challenging" don't you love capitalism? if humanity didn't have all these trade secrets (nationalism & capitalism) and patent system we would be so much better when we work together and everyone has access to all knowledge to improve

      INDIA SUPER CLEAN 🇮🇳 29 күн бұрын +1


    • lenu
      lenu Ай бұрын +1

      @SFPhiloInternational relations are always changing

    • SFPhilo
      SFPhilo Ай бұрын +1

      There's also a small matter of the Senkaku Islands that traditionally belong to Japan, but the Chinese claim is theirs. Every time their Coast Guards meet up the Chinese get all riled up and burning Japanese flags or smashing up Chinese owned Japanese restaurants.

  • Lisa M. Willson
    Lisa M. Willson Ай бұрын +56

    I'm always surprised how relatively unknown a company like ASML is to the larger audience. It has a unique key strategic position in the world that no other company has. You don't often see that and it represents both a strength and a weakness for the free western world.

    • Daniel Hodges
      Daniel Hodges Ай бұрын +3

      @Sustenance The average person doesn't know ASML

    • Sustenance
      Sustenance Ай бұрын +1

      How so? I’ve never heard of this company before now.

  • Fred S
    Fred S Ай бұрын +647

    As someone living in Taiwan, I can safely say, our chip manufacturing is one of the main reasons as to why China and US has not gone to full blown war. The stakes are just too high if we were to be destroyed in between.

    • 369 Tayaholic
      369 Tayaholic 2 күн бұрын +1

      even if some people say TSMC try to transfer back in USA, there are almost no diligent workers in America accepting highly pressuring work employments like Taiwanese do so it hardly will succeed.

    • veibae
      veibae 4 күн бұрын

      American company😂😂

    • Aviator Sound
      Aviator Sound 8 күн бұрын

      Unfortunately, those alternatives to ASML is still years ahead to catching up to the company. Since there are a lot of company that produces machines for DUV but non are able to produce machines such as EUV or the current one in development by ASML or High NA.
      ASML got a head start years ago and if any of these company wishes to compete on the same level then they are going to need partnership with this company or have more resources to potentially reduce the timeframe.

    • Soshi
      Soshi 8 күн бұрын

      you have a fundamental misunderstanding of what Taiwan represents to Chinese national security. Chips are important, yes, but looking a how the island is geographically situated with the mainland shows why the issue exists before and beyond the importance of semiconductors.

  • NPC#758
    NPC#758 Ай бұрын +56

    Great video. You managed to breakdown the complexity of this whole situation into easy to understand pieces for all.

  • HoltzeHunter45
    HoltzeHunter45 Ай бұрын +28

    I’ve been watching this happen and trying to stay up to date with this, you’ve done a pretty great job in showing how truly reliant and nearly immutable the world is on this supply chain, and the problems ahead

  • Rahul Kale
    Rahul Kale 2 күн бұрын +5

    What a clear and perfect way to explain the chip Coldwar! Great work Vox team

  • Wander Van
    Wander Van Ай бұрын +18

    I wrote my thesis on this very topic about 1 1/2 years ago and it is always great to see this topic get brought up more and more

  • Mike Kleanthous
    Mike Kleanthous Ай бұрын +232

    This is the sickest most informative ten minutes of my six academic years in medical school. Vox, you’ve outdone yourselves 💪🏼

      INDIA SUPER CLEAN 🇮🇳 29 күн бұрын


    • LabGecko
      LabGecko Ай бұрын

      @Jorge Madrazzo this was pretty informative, and remember that one, this profession generally spends 8 years learning and two, this person cares enough to be concerned for how much education he got. This implies he studies on his own as well.

    • Mohamed Osman
      Mohamed Osman Ай бұрын +1

      @Mike Kleanthous good for you that you have gone through medical school. That is a great accomplishment. I still find it difficult to believe that there is no 10 minute time span you have learned more just impossible. With all the studying and the stress you have been through

    • Mike Kleanthous
      Mike Kleanthous Ай бұрын +2

      The following does not apply to all of you. Who has been belittling you and causing you fears of incompetence and failure, as to project this onto me? I’ve researched dopamine, the other neurotransmitters you mentioned, and all fields of surgery, without a specialization as of now. The comment was not an hyperbole, the scale of implications and depth in time the video went to in 10 minutes, is the most of any lecture I saw for ten minutes, and delivered so much on the subject. I spent more than a thousand 10-minutes chunks of studying. So back to my question, who has been belittling you and causing you fears of incompetence and failure, as to project this onto me?

    • E R
      E R Ай бұрын +2

      People getting mad to an hyperbole.

  • grpl
    grpl Ай бұрын +4682

    Some extra info: Zeiss, a german company that produces lenses is also the only company with the most advanced lenses which asml uses for their machines.

    • JuriK
      JuriK 10 күн бұрын

      @D.O.G you sound like the amish people.

    • D.O.G
      D.O.G 10 күн бұрын

      @JuriKcenturies ! I ride on my donkey to work and we dry the corn and the chilies on the fast lane - because there are no cars !

    • JuriK
      JuriK 10 күн бұрын

      germany is backwarded in IT sector. decades behind usa, south korea, taiwan.

    • D.O.G
      D.O.G 14 күн бұрын

      @Elaine Munro Germany and the Netherlands are allies - they would never go to war

    • Reverse Terry
      Reverse Terry Ай бұрын

      @BlackPrince fusion does “work” it’s just not efficient.
      There have been some successful fusion experiments in laboratories, such as the Joint European Torus (JET) in the UK, the Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor (TFTR) in the US, and the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER), currently under construction in France. These experiments have shown that fusion is possible and can produce energy, but we are still working on developing practical fusion reactors that can produce more energy than they consume.

  • Sam VC (UPC)
    Sam VC (UPC) Ай бұрын +77

    very good high level overview of the situation! There are alternative technologies in play but this is a really good starting point for anyone interested in the geopolitics of chips.

  • A.B
    A.B Ай бұрын +25

    Enjoyed every minute of watching this and learned a whole LOT. Thanks Vox

  • TimeBucks
    TimeBucks Ай бұрын +722

    This was an absolute great video

      INDIA SUPER CLEAN 🇮🇳 29 күн бұрын


    • Amit Kumar
      Amit Kumar Ай бұрын

      Very nice

    • Md Shahabul Islam
      Md Shahabul Islam Ай бұрын


    • Md Shahabul Islam
      Md Shahabul Islam Ай бұрын

      Very nice 👍👍👍

    • Morella Továr
      Morella Továr Ай бұрын +1


  • Shu Ying Chua
    Shu Ying Chua Ай бұрын +9

    Great video. It enlightened me to the reasons behind the increase of taxes that the US had implemented and why they were going after so many China tech companies.

  • SideNote
    SideNote Ай бұрын +2598

    Brilliant video. Thanks.
    While it may seem like the "chip war" is between China and the US allies, it's actually pretty 2 dimensional. US allies (Japan, South Korea and Taiwan) too are competing among themselves to out-pace each other. No one wants to end up in a situation where it can be casted out easily. While TSMC (of Taiwan) is building new plants in both America and Japan, their foreign investments do not involve most advanced technology, keeping the US' incentive to defend Taiwan from China intact.
    Both Japan and South Korea has announced their own set of lucrative subsidies to poach companies from each other countries. They are also worried about losing market share in China and China hampering the supply chain of raw materials if it feels cornered.
    This is just the beginning.

    • Doraemon007
      Doraemon007 Күн бұрын

      Just say colonies man

    • DailyRant
      DailyRant 2 күн бұрын

      @리드 Yes because you have insider information? Russia did help China initially but they pulled out because USSR and China became enemies very soon. You clearly don't know the history behind it.
      With that said, China has plenty of challenges on semiconductor front. These require very strong foundational science which China is still playing catch up. No one can predict for sure how long it'll take China to catch up.

    • 리드
      리드 17 күн бұрын

      ​@朴俊光Park joon Kwang And china's economic growth rate is declining

    • 리드
      리드 17 күн бұрын

      ​@朴俊光Park joon Kwang China's nuclear bomb and space station technology are all developed thanks to russia 😂
      No country can help china this time because russia is also a country that lacks semiconductor technology

  • Alla Udin
    Alla Udin Ай бұрын +40

    An insightful examination of the geopolitics surrounding the semiconductor industry. The concept of "silicon sovereignty" sheds light on the growing trend of techno-nationalism in the industry. The power dynamics between different players in the digiconomy and the geopolitical landscape are having a significant impact on the microchip landscape. It is crucial that we understand these intricacies in order to fully grasp the implications of this important topic.

  • immaBAOS
    immaBAOS Ай бұрын +1

    Greatly explained! Issue has been going on for years and this is the first time im seeing good coverage of underlying geopolitical issues

  • Cune Lastavica
    Cune Lastavica Ай бұрын +1

    Loved this video, extremely well maid, informative and entertaining! Great work.

  • SR official
    SR official Ай бұрын +5

    Great video. You managed to breakdown the complexity of this whole situation🙂🙂

  • Your Debankit toys
    Your Debankit toys Ай бұрын +1

    Always love the videos in this series. Excellent job again!

  • Pratick
    Pratick Ай бұрын +3270

    Every now and then Vox just makes me fall in love with this world and its geopolitics, loved it

    • cheo a
      cheo a Ай бұрын


    • Internet Censure
      Internet Censure Ай бұрын

      *Top 10 Key Market Players in Semiconductor Manufacturing Equipment*
      Tokyo Electron limited (Japan)
      LAM research corporation (US)
      ASML (Netherlands)
      Applied Materials, Inc. ( US)
      KLA Corporation (US)
      SCREEN Holdings Co., Ltd. ( Japan)
      Teradyne US)
      Advantest (Japan)
      Hitachi High-Tech Corporation (Japan)
      Plasma-Therm (US)

    • Internet Censure
      Internet Censure Ай бұрын

      "this world and its geopolitics" seen through the "vox" vision.😂

  • Amilton davis
    Amilton davis Ай бұрын +7

    This kind of videos are the reason why I subscribed to Vox. More of these please!

  • Ryangg
    Ryangg Ай бұрын +10

    You forgot to mention we are reaching the physical limitations when it comes to chip design, we are reaching the physical limitation on semiconductor technology and would need some breakthrough in physics to go even smaller

  • James Rogers
    James Rogers Ай бұрын +77

    One of the other key points as to why the US is so protective is their understanding of Chinese technological development. China doesn’t have the same innovation priorities that the US does so their ability to grow organically is impaired. However they have remarkable abilities in breaking down, analyzing, and replicating preexisting components and tech. Thus getting blueprints or samples of cutting edge technology can enable them to catapult the the forefront.

    • John Liang
      John Liang 13 күн бұрын

      @D.O.G Yes, stealing something that the US does not have.

    • D.O.G
      D.O.G 14 күн бұрын

      @Sweetie Jason international law for instance 😂

  • Zachary Davis
    Zachary Davis Ай бұрын +2

    Thanks for spending the time to create and share this content awareness

  • FH Rabbi
    FH Rabbi Ай бұрын +5

    Excellent production team to export a highly informative video to show mass people what exactly going on between these two giants.

  • gkeic
    gkeic Ай бұрын +22

    Robert Noyce received the patent for the first computer chip and planar chip technology. It is shocking that this very important fact is ignored. Also, Intel was co-founded by Robert Noyce and Bob Moore.

    • gkeic
      gkeic Ай бұрын +1

      @purplerain thanks for that correction

    • purplerain
      purplerain Ай бұрын +3

      Gordon* Moore

  • Bastien Adrien
    Bastien Adrien Ай бұрын +1

    Never had I understood the chip issue in just 10 min that clearly
    awesome production Vox - thanks for that

  • KC T
    KC T Ай бұрын +24

    This is the one of the best videos I have seen recently on the chip war, easy to understand with in-depth analysis. Thank you.

  • Obed Esquivel-Pickett
    Obed Esquivel-Pickett Ай бұрын +4

    So well made, simple and very informative. thank you!

  • Jonah
    Jonah Ай бұрын +3

    everyone stands up for their own interest. For China and all other developing countries the current intellectual properties are not quite fair. So it's more of a struggle for market and technology as well as the interpretation of rules.

  • Bob Chandra
    Bob Chandra Ай бұрын +4

    Brilliant, very well done. Explained succinctly the key players, the potential theft that led to export controls.

  • Tim (Dipayan) Mazumdar
    Tim (Dipayan) Mazumdar Ай бұрын

    Its not three anymore - the SW for making Chips is Synopsys (SNPS), Cadence (CDNS) and MENtor ( which is now part of Siemens. There are actually
    a lot of smaller IC design tool vendors from time to time like Magma .

  • MosesNL
    MosesNL Ай бұрын +26

    1:17 the things circled are the inputs and outputs which would connect to the pinouts or wires. the transistors are actually made of the middle parts where p-type and n-type doped silicon makes bridged connections based on the electron flow.

    • DrSchabab
      DrSchabab Ай бұрын +1

      Yes! Also the chip that Biden is holding at 5:21 is nowhere near 114B transistors. The 114B they are refering to is most probably the m1 ultra, which is way larger than that chip, which looks like a small memory module.

    • Brian McMinn
      Brian McMinn Ай бұрын +1

      Glad you pointed this out. I hope Vox sees this and corrects it.

  • AntMaster
    AntMaster Ай бұрын +1822

    ASML is the most important company in the world most people have never heard of.

    • sirus312
      sirus312 Ай бұрын


    • Internet Censure
      Internet Censure Ай бұрын

      *Top 10 Key Market Players in Semiconductor Manufacturing Equipment*
      Tokyo Electron limited (Japan)
      LAM Research Corporation (US)
      ASML (Netherlands)
      Applied Materials, Inc. ( US)
      KLA Corporation (US)
      SCREEN Holdings Co., Ltd. ( Japan)
      Teradyne US)
      Advantest (Japan)
      Hitachi High-Tech Corporation (Japan)
      Plasma-Therm (US)

    • Pi Tech
      Pi Tech Ай бұрын

      ASML & TSMC & 3 US chip design software and equipment companies

    • Boris Sergijevic
      Boris Sergijevic Ай бұрын

      This is not a war of technology, but an economy. Sure, making a 1nm chip is impressive, it will be achieved much faster by TSMC than China will do. But to make such chips cheap, consumer-available and sustainable, that's a whole new game. It's only a matter of a few years, how long China will achieve chips like 3nm, then all advantages of the Chinese economy will prevail to the benefit of China. I also like how, China is catching up playing alone when all others together try to beat her.

    • dj
      dj Ай бұрын +1

      @Tiago Gomes no they couldn't. I have a new invention called a bicycle

  • abcdefghijklmno29753
    abcdefghijklmno29753 Ай бұрын +2

    Very, very beautifully illustrated. This is a world we don't want to live in, though. We'll be looking back at the optimism, cooperation and, consequentially, wealth created in the 90s and beyond as a golden age of human development.

  • The Bob
    The Bob Ай бұрын +9

    TSMC has been perfectly described as the most important company most people have never heard of.

    • 369 Tayaholic
      369 Tayaholic 2 күн бұрын +2

      @Kawper Mind you if there's no TSMC diligently manufacturing with the most efficient quality ASML won't succeed. TSMC now in USA found no employee willing to work hard for it like Taiwanese people.

    • Kawper
      Kawper 3 күн бұрын +1

      TSMC wouldnt be able to make Semiconductors without ASML

    • 369 Tayaholic
      369 Tayaholic Ай бұрын +3

      For modern time it is for sure

    • The Bob
      The Bob Ай бұрын +2

      @tooltalk Depends on how you define recently, 1992 is when they we're solidified as the world's top chip manufacturer and 82 is when they were founded.

  • Contemplator
    Contemplator 3 күн бұрын

    Japan and most Japanese people don't understand this story.
    Toshiba had an impairment loss from the nuclear business, so the newspaper company was only reporting surface information that it had downsized its business and International position.
    Recently, a semiconductor start-up company in Hokkaido has said that it will overtake TSMC.
    It will be interesting to see what happens.

  • David Sandler
    David Sandler Ай бұрын +38

    Good information but you sort of glosses over why companies started outsourcing to TSMC - it was about a change of business model from companies designing and building chips to just designing and outsourcing the building to a third party. These third parties could scale operations much better. Also they had heavy subsidies from the government of Taiwan - a point that is really important to note.

    • David Sandler
      David Sandler Ай бұрын +3

      @QQ2019 "Lawmakers within the island nation have reportedly passed additional legislation that will allow local chipmakers to turn up to 25 percent of their annual research and development expenses into tax credits in a move said to be aimed at ensuring Taiwan's continued leadership in semiconductor manufacturing." - TSMC spends something like $20-30B in R&D so yes, there are massive tax credits which are subsidies

    • ms178
      ms178 Ай бұрын +1

      The change of business model was the outcome, but not the reason why companies started outsourcing to TSMC. The reason was simple, it was about driving down costs as most companies simply lacked the ressources to invest into their own fabs and each new node. Having a neutral manufacturing company that specializes in this task and works with all design companies maximizes the utilitzation of the fabs and spreads their large sunken costs over many shoulders, driving down the costs for all. On the other hand, there are some downsides to this approach which get covered in the video, e.g. geopolitics and the hard dependancy on a single supplier that are a strategic risk for the design companies. We have seen that in the pandemic, too. TSMC raised prises and was not able to keep up with demand while international trade got more restrictive over night.

    • QQ2019
      QQ2019 Ай бұрын +4

      That's NOT true! Subsidies from the government to TSMC only in very early days when TSMC got established.

  • ADR
    ADR Ай бұрын +6

    This Cold War between the 2 is a major reason why no one should be reliant on either party when it comes to semi conductors. As an Indian, I’d very much like to use our technology brains and become self reliant on this front in the next 20 years.

    • 𓂀
      𓂀 Ай бұрын +1

      @ADR china is a developed country that was supported by a superpower called ussr and china wasn't looted by the europeans like india was. also i never said that was a criteria it was just a example.

  • N D
    N D Ай бұрын +545

    a lot of western optoelectronic companies have moved away from China after the mid 2000's because of IP infringement. Unlike complex high-density CPU's on silicon, optoelectronic tech involves a lot of III-V semiconductor epitaxy and bespoke fab processes - once those are know it's a lot easier to replicate and sell them for a significantly cheaper price.
    In the UK a lot these industries were lost over the last couple decades. With regards to warfare we're constantly on the cusp of losing our steel industry. I guess paying profits to shareholders is a lot more important than state security.

    • Internet Censure
      Internet Censure Ай бұрын

      *Top 10 Key Market Players in Semiconductor Manufacturing Equipment*
      Tokyo Electron limited (Japan)
      LAM Research Corporation (US)
      ASML (Netherlands)
      Applied Materials, Inc. ( US)
      KLA Corporation (US)
      SCREEN Holdings Co., Ltd. ( Japan)
      Teradyne US)
      Advantest (Japan)
      Hitachi High-Tech Corporation (Japan)
      Plasma-Therm (US)

    • x x
      x x Ай бұрын +2

      Maybe some people are so used to them making money in other’s market and keeping per-unit high profit to themselves, as is done in Africa or other underdeveloped countries.
      Many cooperations between IP owners and China companies sometimes local government, are stated upfront clearly that in exchange of the access to China market, these IP owners agree to share more tech details so China people can learn and improve. Latest example is Tesla in Shanghai, China. China gets the tech, Tesla gets cheap land, labor and high quality of craft. Pure business.
      Ultimately IP owners are making more money. And high tech is brought to more population at low cost to elevate the living standard of the entire world, when IP owners come and say: China steals (and I can make more - No, you cannot).
      The entire microchip market today won’t exist if China didn’t participate. ASML, TSMC and the US investors behind them will lose money without China.
      It can be this way for another few decades when each contributes together, but US chooses to weaponize microchip and China has to develop its own.

    • mynameisjoejeans
      mynameisjoejeans Ай бұрын

      @William Robinson oh yeah sorry, edited it

    • Jay Sess
      Jay Sess Ай бұрын

      @mynameisjoejeans I see, thank you!

    • William Robinson
      William Robinson Ай бұрын +1

      @mynameisjoejeans I think youre replying to the wrong person mate lol

  • Lover gaming
    Lover gaming Ай бұрын +1

    You manage to break down the complexity of the whole situation into parts that are easy for all to understand.good video 👍

  • Aman Agarwal
    Aman Agarwal Ай бұрын +6

    Why don't we see content like this more often from Vox... Brilliant, absolutely brilliant 👍

  • c1ph3rpunk
    c1ph3rpunk Ай бұрын +1

    You’ve missed one important part: industry’s efforts to thwart intellectual property theft by foreign adversaries. They’ve increased, quite a bit.

  • Erik Stekelenburg
    Erik Stekelenburg Ай бұрын +15

    I used to work with both companies even before they were as big as these days. The Taiwanese and the Dutch holds the key in todays high tech and should use their strength to stop all the madness going on these days.

    • Spike Two
      Spike Two Ай бұрын

      @Mujtaba Alam you mean failure if uncle sam to find the WoMD?

    • S D
      S D Ай бұрын

      @Mujtaba Alam not sure how you make the direct connection between chips and south china sea? well, maybe you work for one of the thinktanks in dc.

    • Mujtaba Alam
      Mujtaba Alam Ай бұрын +4

      You mean China's expansion efforts in the south china sea?

  • mike dawson
    mike dawson Ай бұрын +5

    Excellent review of the Chip industry. Good research and presentation.

  • Nick Latino
    Nick Latino Ай бұрын +2

    Very interesting video. One of Vox's best works

  • Harsh Singh
    Harsh Singh Ай бұрын +1

    How beautifully crafted this video is. "Pure Informative Art"..... Thanks Vox

  • Abdur Rashid
    Abdur Rashid Ай бұрын +1

    This is what many of us looking for. Really informative & helpful...thanks for sharing such as awesome stuff...... 👍

  • Cam Brown
    Cam Brown Ай бұрын +2

    What is circled at 1:13 as "transistors" are not transistors! They are the metal pin contacts. The transistors are in the center of the wafer, formed by the metal layers and polysilicon (slightly darker blue) region.

  • genuinenness befitting
    genuinenness befitting Ай бұрын +182

    Before 2004, the United States led the world in semiconductor technology, and foundries had to pay IBM's technology license fees. But in 2004, TSMC took the lead in developing 0.13-micron copper process technology ahead of IBM, ushering in the era of Taiwan's semiconductor technology leading the world. In 2014, IBM withdrew from the foundry business, and TSMC considered buying IBM's fab in New York State. However, even though IBM's technology has lagged behind Taiwan by a decade, the US Department of Defense and IBM, still worried about the already fading American technology influx into Taiwan, rejected the deal. High-tech semiconductor technology is the result of Taiwan's efforts to develop, and now the United States claims to "bring back" semiconductor production to the United States.

    • Andrew Holt
      Andrew Holt Күн бұрын

      ​@Ryan Kakashiar The American people respect and appreciate Taiwan as an ally as well

    • D.O.G
      D.O.G 13 күн бұрын

      As long as the Chinese aren’t getting it I am ok with it

    • Herman Peters
      Herman Peters 24 күн бұрын

      TSMC was grounded by Philips (NXP) and the Taiwanese. Philips sold its part.

    • Herman Peters
      Herman Peters 24 күн бұрын

      do you know who grounded TSMC? Right Philips from the Netherlands (now NXP). with the Taiwanese.

    • 2020
      2020 Ай бұрын


  • Piotr Masełkowski
    Piotr Masełkowski Ай бұрын +3

    The chip supply chain is very fragile. Years ago there was an earthquake in Taiwan, the prices of RAM memory jumped tenfold

  • TruExMamba24
    TruExMamba24 Ай бұрын +4

    IMO, asml, tsmc, Amd, and Nvidia are all really great companies to invest in. They're literally in most tech out there. Underrated stocks still imo. Got lucky and bought them when they were low, so easier for me to tout about them. But I still believe in them so I recommend them long term. Not financial advice, just my opinion haha.

  • Arasan Mark
    Arasan Mark Ай бұрын +1

    I LOVED the production of this video. Simply superb. You keep pushing the barriers Vox, you are at the forefront of Moore’s Law.

  • highsidingtothemoon
    highsidingtothemoon Ай бұрын +9

    What most people do not realize about high performance chips, is that the circuits are etched by acid, and the more compact the circuits are (higher density), the stronger the acid has to be to etch the circuits. This leads to a higher chance of explosive results as the transistor size decreases. This is why there are fewer HP chip makers and if a production line burns up, it has a ripple effect in the supply chain. the entire 2020 shortage of microprocessors (still) impacting the car industry is an example.

    • Padraic Ley
      Padraic Ley Ай бұрын +1

      No etched by acid and no explosive results in making the chip. Light and coating are used in chip production. Low power and in a clean room. To do a 5-nanometer circuit line only takes a little energy to print it.

    • P G
      P G Ай бұрын

      There are a lot of chemicals used for manufacturing. Any kind of acid is no more dangerous than others. Also chip etching is more about building it layer by layer like a Lego model.

  • Lupolinar
    Lupolinar 3 күн бұрын

    5:50 Correction: ASML also requires optics from Carl Zeiss, Germany, which is the only company in the world being able to produce them.

  • MrLegendra
    MrLegendra Ай бұрын +15

    This was a great and very informative video! I read a bit about the whole chip supply chain process but this video tied everything together nicely.

  • gharbi sedky
    gharbi sedky Ай бұрын +1

    Magnifique, la concurrence actuellement est axée sur le développement de chipsets pour l'AI et le 5G . Merci pour cette vidéo explicative

  • 2000Cowboys
    2000Cowboys Ай бұрын +1

    Chris Miller's book ( Chip War ) covers this very well also 👍

  • Will Ko
    Will Ko Ай бұрын +1

    VOX's videos keep getting better :)

  • EDX2308
    EDX2308 Ай бұрын

    I have seen a video of ASML and the factory in the Netherlands. The technology is really sophisticated and complex. If anything were to happen to that singular place and/or TSMC, there's a good chance we can regress technologically as a human race because the technology is not being shared and is monopolized. Really scary if you think about it.

    • D.O.G
      D.O.G 14 күн бұрын

      Yes we. Could quickly have the Chinese have access to it !
      Hahahaha 😂

    • EDX2308
      EDX2308 Ай бұрын +1

      @Artixe _ Very true, I'm just saying if anything were to happen to that company what the implications are.

    • Artixe _
      Artixe _ Ай бұрын +1

      ASML is a Dutch company. It's not just their factory there lol.

  • A P
    A P Ай бұрын +404

    Amazing video, now I've got a better understanding of why the USA is so openly willing to protect Taiwan in the case if China decides to make a move.

    • 369 Tayaholic
      369 Tayaholic 2 күн бұрын +1

      The world highest technology almost revolves around Taiwan's producing so it definitely should.

    • Robert Wright
      Robert Wright 13 күн бұрын

      @D.O.G why would it be? Realpolitik. US has limited resources and various interests, thus we don’t have the resources to stop every moral wrong, we must prioritize especially when facing a superpower like China

    • D.O.G
      D.O.G 14 күн бұрын +1

      Oh you mean protecting another country from China being occupied after Tibet is not a reason enough ?

  • Cam Tabor
    Cam Tabor Ай бұрын +26

    Did anyone else notice that they circled the I/O of the semiconductors and not the transistors themselves? The transistors are in the middle.

    • Organic Farm
      Organic Farm 5 күн бұрын

      electrical engineering graduates laughing😂

    • Yu Zou
      Yu Zou Ай бұрын

      Yes, can tell the video maker doesn’t have much technical background

    • Leandro G
      Leandro G Ай бұрын +5

      @Dylan J *facepalm*
      It's a logarithmic scale, as can be seen by the Y axis markings.

    • Dylan J
      Dylan J Ай бұрын +3

      They also showed Moore's law using a linear graph..

  • ASTN
    ASTN Ай бұрын

    Vox never miss on a video.

  • Ev-Geniy Serebryakov
    Ev-Geniy Serebryakov Ай бұрын +4

    The video a little bit simplified the chip industry. It's much more complicated. Taiwan and some other countries, they own only production, manufacturing chip plants, whereas US and some European countries, they have technologies and design.

  • Zyldy 🇹🇼
    Zyldy 🇹🇼 Ай бұрын +77

    As a person from Taiwan, never thought TSMC was that big

    • tooltalk
      tooltalk Ай бұрын

      @Sarawak's Sky Dweller : yeah, that's b/c they weren't that important until a few years ago. Other companies will come along replace them in importance in a few years.

    • Internet Censure
      Internet Censure Ай бұрын

      *Top 10 Key Market Players in Semiconductor Manufacturing Equipment*
      Tokyo Electron limited (Japan)
      LAM Research Corporation (US)
      ASML (Netherlands)
      Applied Materials, Inc. ( US)
      KLA Corporation (US)
      SCREEN Holdings Co., Ltd. ( Japan)
      Teradyne (US)
      Advantest (Japan)
      Hitachi High-Tech Corporation (Japan)
      Plasma-Therm (US)

    • Wang Herr
      Wang Herr Ай бұрын


    • VIBaJ 16
      VIBaJ 16 Ай бұрын

      @baodeus1 The only reason to live is to get things you want, not just what you need, unless you truly enjoy just having what you need, which is very few people, if any. You can't change your wants, which forces everyone to suffer at least a little, more so if their more poor, which is why "money can't buy happiness" is wrong in 99% of cases.

    • baodeus1
      baodeus1 Ай бұрын

      @VIBaJ 16
      There is need and there is want. It doesn't take a lot to meet your need (if I'm hungry, I just need to eat something and I'm satisfied). Wants comes from need, just more of it (I don't just want to eat, I want to eat excessively, I want to eat only certain things, I want Michelin star). Then if I don't get what I want, I suffer. It is worth it to suffer over things that you don't need (want in this case)?

  • Jose Paez
    Jose Paez Ай бұрын +1

    Thanks! I was missing this key part of the story to better understand the whole picture

  • Mason
    Mason Ай бұрын +4

    It makes me happy to see Vox doing stories on subjects that matter.

  • ScribblesOnNapkins
    ScribblesOnNapkins Ай бұрын +1

    The circles you drew around the transistors at 1:15 are the bonding pads for the chip interconnect and not the transistors. Please fix this error.

  • gilang ignas raharjo
    gilang ignas raharjo Ай бұрын +2

    Semiconductor is something that better be open and not monopolized by a single company

  • Nick Routley
    Nick Routley Ай бұрын +1

    More of this, Vox! 👏


    What a documentary VOX!
    Totally commendable 👌

  • DevBravo
    DevBravo Ай бұрын +157

    The Taiwan story is something people really need to pay more attention to. Learned a lot in this one.

    • 叛逆的慣老闆
      叛逆的慣老闆 Ай бұрын +2

      @Sam McClaim Yeah, like less than 2%, and yet more than 60% of people in Taiwan recognize themselves as only Taiwanese not chinese at all how do you say about that?

    • SickAssApe
      SickAssApe Ай бұрын +2

      @Sam McClaim Some see themselves as Japanese too, what is your point?

    • Sam McClaim
      Sam McClaim Ай бұрын

      @SickAssApe Taiwanese see themselves as Chinese so what's the problem. Why fall into "divide and rule" trap.

  • yesyas
    yesyas Ай бұрын +2

    Hi Vox it would be cool if you made a vid on operation paper clip because it’s a pretty interesting topic and many people are unaware of it

  • taz santiago
    taz santiago Ай бұрын

    Although I already knew most of this information, I still like how you guys broke everything down I learned a few things good job👏🏼😂😂

  • Itzcoatl
    Itzcoatl Ай бұрын +1

    I like the fact people act this affects them in anyway shape or form, like wow the US being the dominant one surely will change your life👍

  • Employee Of The Month
    Employee Of The Month 17 күн бұрын +1

    Because of this amazing video, I went out and bought the book "Chip Wars." It's an excellent read.

    • DeeCalBkk
      DeeCalBkk 3 күн бұрын

      Thanks for the tip. Just got the audiobook. Have a nice day!

  • ImZoid
    ImZoid Ай бұрын +317

    I'm losing the chip war too. my brother got to the Doritos before I did :(

    • Laura Bowles
      Laura Bowles Ай бұрын +2

      underrated comment

      GRIMSOBAD Ай бұрын +8

      @VVerVVurm that would be risky, mom would sanction me and I’ll be forced to sign a treaty or do my homework

    • VVerVVurm
      VVerVVurm Ай бұрын +10

      @GRIMSOBAD or .. if it is the little brother .. find his choke point xD

    • ON
      ON Ай бұрын +2


  • Editing
    Editing Ай бұрын +2

    Seems like the competition over chips is very much ongoing, and the US relying on Taiwan so strongly is a pretty big source of weakness in its supply chain...

  • Tammy Hill
    Tammy Hill Ай бұрын +15

    Investing is a stepping stone to success ... you are absolutely right expecting the government to provide a huge waste of time.

    • Noah Robinson
      Noah Robinson Ай бұрын

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    • Adam Stanley
      Adam Stanley Ай бұрын

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      Marie Woods Ай бұрын

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      Donald Rios Ай бұрын

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    • Philip Boyd
      Philip Boyd Ай бұрын

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  • Привет!
    Привет! Ай бұрын +2

    За 10 минут вся история развития чипов 👍

  • Vertice 27
    Vertice 27 Ай бұрын +2

    The chip industry is literally central to every bit of invention and innovation for the western world. No one can compete with Europe South Korea, Japan, Taiwan, Australia, UK and the US on this it would literally be impossible

  • Daniel Sturby
    Daniel Sturby Ай бұрын +2

    Diamond Semiconductors are the rarest and most expensive of the four semiconductors. They sell for 25,000 credits in stores. They are dropped by very powerful enemies, like Enhanced Brutes.

  • Carl Carlington
    Carl Carlington Ай бұрын +200

    Even if China can gain influence over Taiwan that doesn’t mean dominance in chip manufacturing, as necessary software and machinery to produce such chips are only made in the us and Netherlands. The Chinese governments best move would be to invest significantly into paying software engineer graduates competitive rates that keeps them from wanting to move to the us or other countries

    • Ishtaara
      Ishtaara Ай бұрын

      @ShadowThruNight Technological innovation has nothing to do with being able to "speak your mind". Your whole comment seems very one-dimensional and myopic.

    • Paul Bedichek
      Paul Bedichek Ай бұрын

      poor job of both, they will be

    • Internet Censure
      Internet Censure Ай бұрын

      *Top 10 Key Market Players in Semiconductor Manufacturing Equipment*
      Tokyo Electron limited (Japan)
      LAM Research Corporation (US)
      ASML (Netherlands)
      Applied Materials, Inc. ( US)
      KLA Corporation (US)
      SCREEN Holdings Co., Ltd. ( Japan)
      Teradyne US)
      Advantest (Japan)
      Hitachi High-Tech Corporation (Japan)
      Plasma-Therm (US)

  • dj
    dj Ай бұрын

    can someone explain to me the strategic importance of ASML? Thank you

  • E L
    E L Ай бұрын +3

    How to make china a great nation
    1. Population
    2. Skills
    3. Manufacturing
    4. World Reliance
    5. Be Friendly on Neighborhood Country
    6. Self Technology Advancement
    7. Time

  • Cameron Porter
    Cameron Porter Ай бұрын

    German company Zeiss is another vital step in the chain that provides ASML with the high precision lithography lenses needed to make lithography machines

  • Master Sonogashira
    Master Sonogashira Ай бұрын +1

    I honestly think one side holding a technology is scary, no matter if it’s us or them. Like a wise man once said, nuclear weapon keeps us safe because both side have them

  • Dinat Nsni
    Dinat Nsni Ай бұрын

    crucial that we understand these intricacies in order to fully grasp the implications of this important topic.

  • RiteMo LawBks
    RiteMo LawBks Ай бұрын +15

    It safe to say that regardless of which political party controls the White House and Congress, it won't affect the foreign policy strategy of "containing" China. One of the few positives of superpower competition is the advancement of scientific and technological knowledge.

  • That's it
    That's it Ай бұрын +1

    We should seriously invest in diversifying supply chains around the world, not to benefit the few, but the many.

  • hugh mungus
    hugh mungus Ай бұрын +240

    The chip war is having alot of negative consequences for the US as well. China being the largest consumer of chips being cut off means a disastrous hit to US chipmaker profits resulting in mass layoffs and less money for R&D. Combined with the impending end of Moores law due to chip features becoming literally smaller than atoms. all indications are that china will catch up.
    This isn't like the race between the USSR because the USSR never had a commercial tech sector and wasn't the global exporter of electronics. The sheer demand within china for semiconductors means chinese chip companies are set to grow rapidly due to a captive market imposed by the US.
    Wheras the US will have to subsidies its chip sector for the hundreds of billions in lost sales.

    • 宋千秋
      宋千秋 Ай бұрын

      @zzfunny soul 哈哈哈哈

    • hugh mungus
      hugh mungus Ай бұрын

      @Viva Las Vegas china already does alot of that.

  • Lograv L
    Lograv L Ай бұрын +2

    As someone who works as a chemical physicist for the mine engineering industry, it's amazing how china has intrusively adapt but eventually getting smoked-out incomprehensively.

  • うん、ブライアンだ
    うん、ブライアンだ Ай бұрын +1

    Thanks for the great video, vox!!

  • Piyali Rinky
    Piyali Rinky Ай бұрын

    Great tutorial video and very helpful information... it's really very informative and useful video...thank you for sharing this video with us

  • J A
    J A Ай бұрын +198

    The chip war is not in the narrow sense about security. It is about the United States maintaining its technological superiority over a rival which in turn affects its economic and military supremacy.

    • Internet Censure
      Internet Censure Ай бұрын

      Russia lags well behind the USA in electronics but still retains the world's second most powerful military machine title, China doesn't even come close to.
      Missing the forest for the tree.😂

    • Jackkalpakian
      Jackkalpakian Ай бұрын

      @al bundy Poverty and war equal protest, domestic instability and anti government hate, get used to it.

    • al bundy
      al bundy Ай бұрын +2

      military supremacy = security

    • Jackkalpakian
      Jackkalpakian Ай бұрын

      @James Carter Of course, lol.

  • Jerome Barry
    Jerome Barry Ай бұрын

    I laugh. 4 transistors. 16 transistors. Today I'm working on a chip with over 16 billion transistors. During the first Cold War, a U.S. film captured the spirit of that Cold War on both sides with the title, "What If They Gave A War and Nobody Came?" For this one, we hope and pray that it stays cold while manufacturing more ammunition.

  • Zephyrous6669
    Zephyrous6669 Ай бұрын +1

    Western countries (via SWF) should invest on TSMC ‘s stocks, this way, Taiwan will be assuring some protection on a plausible China military occupation scenario.