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How Rome Conquered the Ancient Celts

  • Жарияланды 2021 ж. 19 Мау.

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  • Kings and Generals
    Kings and Generals   Жыл бұрын +547

    Working on some fun projects... :-)

    • Puggin'Good
      Puggin'Good Ай бұрын

      What music track is at 12minutes, its an ambience track I know epidemic music but iw want the particular name

    • David Rianata
      David Rianata  Жыл бұрын


    • David Rianata
      David Rianata  Жыл бұрын


    • David Rianata
      David Rianata  Жыл бұрын


    • David Rianata
      David Rianata  Жыл бұрын


  • Bongani Msubo
    Bongani Msubo  Жыл бұрын +135

    Young Zulu person from South Africa watching this very important history. Deepest and greatest love to Celtic peoples and also those of greater Europe. European history is very fascinating and filled with so much turmoil, conflict, but also glory and prestige.
    As a Nguni, I see the Celts and the way fight and the how they lived with land before conquest, and I think of how related and similar we truly are. I wish I had learned about this history in school.
    Thank you K&G! Always bringing good stuff 🌺

    • Straw
      Straw 27 күн бұрын

      Moore's ruled Europe

    • Rango
      Rango Ай бұрын

      As a european i have only recently Göttern around to learn the History of Afrika. Im am existed For what IT still has to offer.

    • Deshawn Moore
      Deshawn Moore 2 ай бұрын +1

      @George Ivory Not really
      A lot of African History is written down
      For example the Tarikh al-Sudan, Tarikh al-fattash, the Girgam, The History of Ashanti Kings and the Whole Country Itself and Other Writings written by King Prempeh I, etc
      It’s true that Africans mainly used Oral Tradition but it’s greatly exaggerated the lack of written word

    • Artin Rahideh
      Artin Rahideh 3 ай бұрын

      @Sam Gyeopsal what are these written literary books? I am aware of Rigveda but anything else

    • Arminius
      Arminius 4 ай бұрын

      I use to love studying the history of my ancestors until I got bored given that all it is is just war and conquest.

  • The Germanic Coenus
    The Germanic Coenus  Жыл бұрын +399

    "The Gauls! They would rather lie slain in battle than lose the freedom gained by their forefathers." ~ Caesar in Gaul, Rome 2

    • DraphoTube
      DraphoTube 2 ай бұрын +1

      Epic Gauls, Celtic people are just simply amazing

    • Sigehelm Thegn
      Sigehelm Thegn  Жыл бұрын

      @Larry Mays English is synonymous with Anglo-Saxon.

    • Sigehelm Thegn
      Sigehelm Thegn  Жыл бұрын +2

      @TheTen20 You are mostly right. The English are genetically more like the Dutch than anyone else. However, the English, while having the most Anglo-Saxon DNA, actually have more "Celtic" (meaning Iron Age British) DNA than the Welsh and the Scots. This is the case due to England being closer to the European continent. England is roughly 50/50 Celtic and Germanic genetically.

    • Kekeke89
      Kekeke89  Жыл бұрын +1

      The Picts were Celts too.

    • Steve Edwards
      Steve Edwards  Жыл бұрын

      @vaiyt no China

  • Tin Can
    Tin Can  Жыл бұрын +80

    You should really make a similar series to this about the Thracians and Dacians.
    Peoples who treaded the thin line between civilised and barbarian. It'd be very awesome to learn about them in such a fun and colourful way such as this.

    • Sorin B
      Sorin B 2 ай бұрын +1

      @Tin Can Those people gave a lot of Roman Emperors too : Aurelian and Diocletian, Galerius and Constantine the Great, Marcian and Justinian

    • Tin Can
      Tin Can  Жыл бұрын +3

      @Justin Namuco it's really hard to pinpoint what regard they were exactly held in by the romans and greeks as a whole. What's more certain is that they were certainly valued as traders, craftsmen and warriors, especially the latter since their mercenaries often featured in roman and greek armies for many centuries, and then thrace also became one of Rome's prime army recruitment lands. Their martial prowess was definitely noted by the romans as one of the highest since according to them they were the some of the most fierce and martial cultures they ever encountered ,up there with the gauls.
      Even centuries after they became a roman province they continued to produce mercenaries that still fought in their own native style.

    • Justin Namuco
      Justin Namuco  Жыл бұрын +1

      What do you mean by "threading the thin line between civilised and barbarian".. where they held at high regard by greeks or romans?

    • Keş Orangutan
      Keş Orangutan  Жыл бұрын +1

      @Tin Can Oh... True. Hopefully their ancient civilizations series will keep going and we'll see a proper video about ancient balkan people.

    • Tin Can
      Tin Can  Жыл бұрын +2

      @Keş Orangutan I've seen it but I don't think it's in-depth enough or as detailed as this. Would like a further, deeper dive into them and their culture, history and way of life.

  • Tim Kane
    Tim Kane  Жыл бұрын +110

    Probably the most important aspect of the Roman Republic is how they always managed to turn former enemies into steadfast allies. Hannible’s invasion of Italy assumed that as he won a few battles in Italy Romes allies would quickly defect in pursuit of returning to their freedom. This is no small event. Italy was as mountainous and fractured as Greece yet Rome managed to assimilate the conquered as it went. I think more details of how they did this would be very valuable but it appears to be in it’s DNA. Rome was originally a “joint” venture of 5 of the tribes that occupied 5 of Rome’s famous 7 hill tops. Their control of the ford of the Tiber river meant that they could tax the commerce flowing south from Etrusca to the wealthy Greek city states of the south (who in turn were tied into the vast trading network of Greek cities all over the Mediterranean basin). In essence, if you can control the ford of the Tiber, you can control the trade of the entire peninsula.
    The problem was none of those tribes, being barricaded in their hilltop fortified villages could gain hegemony over the others - or so it appears. So it appears that they finally hammered out an agreement to form a joint venture - these tribes were the founding fathers of Rome - in Latin Patricians (patre meaning father in latin) - but even with the 5 tribes, they lacked the resources to control the valley in between the hilltops, which meant they couldn’t quite control the ford. So, they opened up citizenship to anyone who wanted to come to Rome to augment their numbers and settle in the valley. What they got was a variety of men vagabonds, runaway slaves, criminals banished from other towns, and other ruffians. This helped with their numbers but left them short of women folk - which lead to the famous “rape of the Sabines.” They threw a party for some religious ceremony which they shared in common with the Sabines. Then got them drunk and then stole their women. The sabines were pissed off, of course, but ultimately their women said they preferred to stay with the Romans - this is probably more legend and myth instead of fact, but the point is, Rome was in the business of assimilation from the very beginning and so the idea of it was built into their DNA.
    The valley between the Roman hills was marshland and prone to flooding. For Rome to thrive this had to be dealt with. The Romans managed to lift the grade and drain the marshland to form the center of their city, the Forum of Rome as well as build a bridge across the river. Construction of infrastructure was in the Roman DNA.
    Another aspect of their DNA is their common sense regarding business and trade. Trade involves transactions. As the Nobel Laureate Ronald Coase taught, the more transactions you have the more productivity and production you have the more wealthy you have. So a key aspect of wealth building is reducing transaction costs. The bridge over the Tiber reduced the transaction cost of commerce moving up and down the peninsula. But the Romans first of their many famous roads, linked Rome with the most prosperous Greek Cities of the far South in Italy. Yes it lowers the transaction cost of moving armies but from an everyday stand point, it lowered the cost of trade and increased the amount of trade, thus increasing the wealth of Rome.
    The next point one is likely to make is: well waterborne trade is cheaper than land born trade, so the roads are redundant and couldn’t be worth building for trade alone. Perhaps, but water born trade is more vulnerable to piracy. Land born trade is also vulnerable to highway robbing and caravan raiding, but by conquering the land along the route disruption to trade could be minimized. However the Samnites living in the highlands overlooking the Appian way probably created a continuing problem for the Romans, so how the Romans dwelt with the Samnites - how they managed to assimilate them into their system - and make them allies - was key to understanding how Rome systematically grew as it conquered and how that conquest made Rome even more powerful as it grew.
    The Samnites wars and how they were resolved then is probably key to understanding the growth of the Roman Republic until the age of Sulla & Caesar. No doubt, Hannibal assumed the Samnites, Cisalpine Gauls and Etruscans would all abandon Rome in preference for liberty but they did no such thing. Hannibal killed hundreds of thousands of Roman legionaries but Rome’s Italian allies stayed with Rome. This mean that the post Punic war Roman state was essentially a tightly nit Italy after the Punic war, and so was able to divide and conquer the Iberians, Gauls, and Greeks as they went.
    So more important than any history of war and conquest is the history of how Rome assimilated the conquered and managed to grow their numbers. Some of that is understandable through the Roman constitution and Roman 12 tables of law but that doesn’t provide a comprehensive explanation of how their system of conquest and assimilation worked out over time. That is what I don’t know enough of yet and would like to learn more about.

    • Röky_M
      Röky_M  Жыл бұрын +1

      Now some might ask
      did Rome really win by
      giving in?...
      Well the Socii/foederati revolt (led Samnites and Marsii)
      had big plans and were well organized; named
      " Lega Italica" (Italic League), they had already
      established a capital in Corfiunium, had their own
      senate and even minted their own currency..
      If Rome had not used citizenship to weaken
      that powerful League, Id say Rome would have
      lost near everything and ended up under their

    • Röky_M
      Röky_M  Жыл бұрын +1

      Actually, Rome had already offered citizenship to all the peninsular
      to assist in winning the war.. things gradually turned to Rome's favor
      greatly assisting them in winning the war against those decreasing
      opponents that stubbornly attempted to hold out...
      90 BC, Rome approved "Lex Iulia de civitate" which granted Roman
      citizenship to Italics that had not rebelled and those who would lay
      down their arms...(designed to convince northern Etruscans and
      Umbrians to join Rome.)..then,
      89 BC, Rome approved, "Lex Plautia Papiria", offering citizenship
      to Italics south of Po river.. by 88 BC it was largely the Samnites
      who still stood against Rome...so essentially it was Rome's
      "Divide Et Impera" (divide and conquer strategy by offering
      citizenship) that broke up the superior strength Socii italic forces.

    • Jalil8171
      Jalil8171  Жыл бұрын

      Fantastic analisys

    • Röky_M
      Röky_M  Жыл бұрын

      Re: "Roman Republic always managed to turn former enemies into steadfast allies"..
      .No, not true..🙄

    • Melodeath00
      Melodeath00  Жыл бұрын +3

      @Eldian Supremacist They still would for a long time. The social war (91-87 BC) was a war between the romans and many of their italian allies, aka conquered former enemies. The italian allies went to war after the senate opposed a law that would have granted all the allies roman citizenship, and assassinated the guy who proposed it.
      Rome won the war, but gave the rest of Italy full rights as roman citizens anyway.

  • Uhtred of Bebbanburg
    Uhtred of Bebbanburg  Жыл бұрын +242

    The Celtic warrior tribes were certainly no push over, Caratacus managed to hold the Romans off for at least a decade.

    • Samnite Jihad
      Samnite Jihad 11 ай бұрын

      Nah the Celts are so overrated. Battle of Watling street, 10,000 Romans easily defeated 230,000 Celts. The Celts were horrible soldiers lol

    • comnw baby
      comnw baby  Жыл бұрын

      @Leonardo David 28 The most interesting thing is that I read the history of the Turks. After the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, Turkish Soldiers surrendered, Greek Armenian, French, English and Russian began to occupy the country at the same time, but a Soldier raised the public awareness and expelled all of them from Anatolia with his Diplomatic success, and he dumped the Greek Soldiers into the Sea with his tactic.

    • Leonardo David 28
      Leonardo David 28  Жыл бұрын

      @Trippie Dizzy
      Which nation was occupied and miraculously survived the 1st world war?
      Well, many.
      Belgium no doubt, however also Turkey quite surprisingly survived.
      Germany and France were both semi-occupied and faced some horrible possibilities, however neither ever really risked total destruction as nation-states.

  • ȶɦɛʍǟȶʀɨӼɨֆʀɛǟʟ
    ȶɦɛʍǟȶʀɨӼɨֆʀɛǟʟ  Жыл бұрын +56

    One of the most amazing things about the Romans was their ability to just raise another army if the previous one was wiped out. I also want to say that this is one of my favourite channels. Your videos are so good, the animations & music create an atmosphere & your voice is soothing & full of interesting information. Cheers!

    • Jacopo Folin
      Jacopo Folin  Жыл бұрын +3

      @MatVey TuomA SvibeR no, they were well paid and yes most were not Citizens but the difference of Citizen other wasn't massive, you had more legal protection (still not a lot in both cases) and had to pay less taxes

    • MatVey TuomA SvibeR
      MatVey TuomA SvibeR  Жыл бұрын +1

      @unu alin They were slaves, still. Fought for 20 or 25 years only for gain citizenship?!

    • unu alin
      unu alin  Жыл бұрын +19

      It is true they had that ability, but you don't win 95 of 100 encounters by just raising another army. They actually gave a damn about their soldiers. The Roman fighter was not a warrior, he was a soldier. Well, fed, well payed (especially after Marius reforms), well trained, always sporting the best equipment, backed by the best technology, best artillery, almost always with competent leadership, they won every battle. You don't conquer the Mediterranean basin and demolish every known superpower of ancient Europe by just sending another mass of humans

    • Bullet-Tooth Tony
      Bullet-Tooth Tony  Жыл бұрын +4

      Similar to the Red army in WW2

  • Josh Shacklock
    Josh Shacklock  Жыл бұрын +56

    always find it a bit crazy the sheer manpower available in classical battles. Then you read medieval sources and a big battle is like 10k dudes.

    • Daniel Brown
      Daniel Brown 3 ай бұрын +1

      You probably have to take any battle numbers with a pinch of salt though, wouldn't you?

    • Kilroy was here
      Kilroy was here  Жыл бұрын +9

      @Lycaon Pictus I think another reason is that the Roman Empire was much more centralized than medieval states which meant they could recrute many more men.

    • Lycaon Pictus
      Lycaon Pictus  Жыл бұрын +16

      The nature of warfare in Europe had changed. During the medieval period much of it was focused on castle-building or sieging said castles. Pitched battles still occurred of course but not with the frequency of warfare in antiquity. Castles didn't require a lot of men to hold down and neither side was going to bring more men that was needed to either successfully besiege a holding or outlast a siege, as anything that strains logistics more than necessary is going to lower the chances of success. Building castles is also expensive.
      The heavy reliance on mercenaries also played a role. They're more expensive than native recruits or levies.

  • Matthew Boyle
    Matthew Boyle  Жыл бұрын +279

    I imagine the Celts wound up in Greece and were like "finally, a group of people as hopelessly divided as we are! I'm sick of those Romans and their unified system of government. If only there were two Romes, or maybe three?"

    • Jesse Kerr
      Jesse Kerr 10 ай бұрын

      Rome was a single city state at the time and Italy was basically the same as Greece.

    • Kekeke89
      Kekeke89  Жыл бұрын

      @Crios Taneos
      Activision was the original publisher. Sega now owns CA and all of their Total War games.

    • TheRat
      TheRat  Жыл бұрын

      @Michael Weston Yeah but not that particular families. The scipii (or in real latin scipiones) were a sub family of the house of cornelia and the bruti were a sub family of the junia. The bruti didn´t had anything to do with southern Italy and the region there called Bruttium. Rome 2 does a far better job with actualy having the Junia and Cornelia familys and not some sub branch of it.

    • Michael Weston
      Michael Weston  Жыл бұрын +2

      @Crios Taneos no the Early roman republic was controlled by 4 influential families. The colors presented in Rome Total war might not be historically accurate but the 4 families including SPQR were the bread & butter of early Roman expansion & politics.

    • dynadude
      dynadude  Жыл бұрын

      @Diego it was a joke about a game called Rome total war, in which Rome is divided that way

  • Robert Parolin
    Robert Parolin  Жыл бұрын +26

    I find it ironic how much you’re sponsored by Magellan, yet your content is so much better than anything I’ve seen on Magellan. Seriously, I haven’t been able to find quality videos like this on the Celts anywhere else, looking forward to your next one.

  • Darth Sidious
    Darth Sidious  Жыл бұрын +49

    The only Celts that escaped Roman conquest were those in Ireland.

    • Fionán
      Fionán 2 ай бұрын

      The Romans planned to invade Ireland under General Agricola. But Emperor Domitian was jealous and ordered Agricola back to Rome, to prevent him becoming another Julius Caesar

    • poor ned
      poor ned 7 ай бұрын +3

      So incorrect, its past the point of being funny. As Noah stated, Caledonia and Pictland were not conquered

    • LGBTQ is a hate group
      LGBTQ is a hate group 7 ай бұрын +1

      @Robert Nielsen Conquered and not even a thing at that time. The welsh people come from the britons, the original inhabitants of what we call england and those britons were subjects of rome.

  • History of Revolutions
    History of Revolutions  Жыл бұрын +189

    Plutarch once stated:
    "Courage stands halfway between cowardice and rashness, one of which is a lack, the other an excess of courage"

    • Tsmlaska
      Tsmlaska  Жыл бұрын

      @Jacopo Folin This war not ww1 This war different ww1 then

    • Tsmlaska
      Tsmlaska  Жыл бұрын

      @Jacopo Folin If you are not one of these 7 nations, there is a lot you do not know. Turks fought not only with the Greeks, but also with the Australians, the French and the Armenians. did not fight the italians

    • Tsmlaska
      Tsmlaska  Жыл бұрын

      @Jacopo Folin Where are you from

    • Jacopo Folin
      Jacopo Folin  Жыл бұрын

      @Tsmlaska Bro the brits didn't fight, the armenians were unarmed and were genocided, the Italians were angry of versails and soo they armed and even fought the France-greek navy. The Turks only had ti fight Greece and massacre some minoritys armenians and kurds

  • জয়ন্ত দা
    জয়ন্ত দা  Жыл бұрын +11

    Please make a video about Bengal Sultanate
    The Bengal Sultanate was described by contemporary European and Chinese visitors as a relatively prosperous kingdom. Due to the abundance of goods in Bengal, the region was described as the "richest country to trade with". The Bengal Sultanate left a strong architectural legacy. Buildings from the period show foreign influences merged into a distinct Bengali style.

  • TheOlgaSasha
    TheOlgaSasha  Жыл бұрын +6

    Excellent video! But it would be proper also to tell about Balkanic Celts - Scordisci, who conquered the territory from Illyria to Macedonia and were a major force on the Balkans almost 300 years, but were also defeated by Romans. And one remark. Boii and Taurisci were not fully conquered in north Italy. After defeat, most of Boii migrated northwards to modern Czechia (that is why Czechia was called officialy as Bohemia almost till 20th cenrury, from Latin "Boiohemum" - "home of Boii"). Taurisci migrated to north-east to east Carpathian mountains basin in modern Hungary, Romania and Transcarpathian Ukraine (because west Carpathians in modern Slovakia were already conquered by Celtic tribe of Cotini much more earlier). Nevertheless, all those Celtic tribes were also assimilated later during Germanic migrations and Slavic expansion.

  • pastor of muppets
    pastor of muppets  Жыл бұрын +106

    everyone knows the reason celts lost is the lack of tier 4 and 5 settlements

    • LessCommonKnowledge
      LessCommonKnowledge  Жыл бұрын +1

      **Spends years modding the game to make barbarians viable in the base game.**

    • pastor of muppets
      pastor of muppets  Жыл бұрын +5

      @Akash Choubey rome total war reference

  • Ιβάν Μπάμπουσκιν
    Ιβάν Μπάμπουσκιν  Жыл бұрын +221

    we need a video named "How Rome Conquered the Iberian Peninsula".

    • TheBigdaddy64
      TheBigdaddy64 3 ай бұрын +1

      @Michael Weston They fought Rome for 200 years and the Moors for 800 years. Then colonized the New World and fought Europeans for another 200 years. We like to fight :)

    • TheBigdaddy64
      TheBigdaddy64 3 ай бұрын

      @Robert Rodríguez Haro actually they are paternally but not maternal. They speak a non IndoEuropean language but are overwhelmy R1B.

    • Alex
      Alex  Жыл бұрын

      @Roberto C B I believe that after 200 years of wars people only wanted peace. Even though here in Spain we have some nice stories of fierce resistance against the foreign invasion, a video should be made about the resistance of Numancia. For instance.

    • Michael Weston
      Michael Weston  Жыл бұрын +4

      The Roman conquest of Iberia (Spain, Portugal) took over 200 years. Which was a extremely long campaign even by Roman standards of protracted warfare. Reason being Iberia was jam packed with dozens of fiercely independent tribes, city states & petty kingdoms. Rome had to individually take each one by one which drew out the process. As well as Iberian were exceptionally fierce fighters who could go toe to toe with the celts so this ment bloody warfare. Even after the 200 year conquest a tribe called the Asturiis a group of fierce independent warriors survived in north western Spain high up in the mountains where it would take the Roman's yet another century to subjugate.

    • not identified user
      not identified user  Жыл бұрын


  • Damon
    Damon  Жыл бұрын +580

    My unsophisticated, barbarian self after seeing a tribe named Boii: YEEEAAAHHH BOOOIIIII

    • XplicitFishin
      XplicitFishin 3 ай бұрын

      Really? Not a single joke or even a reference after K&G also slyly managed to name drop the Titii tribe? Yet you all go nuts about the Boii...

    • LGBTQ is a hate group
      LGBTQ is a hate group 7 ай бұрын

      @Super.Chuck Flava flav

    • Velstadt Von Austerlitz
      Velstadt Von Austerlitz 10 ай бұрын

      Pronounced as bôæ

    • lhpoetry
      lhpoetry  Жыл бұрын

      No match for generals like Mr Manlius...

  • Zion Newkirk
    Zion Newkirk  Жыл бұрын +6

    As badass as these tribes are, you've got to give Rome credit for continuously bouncing back and forging an empire. No matter how many losses they suffered!!🔥🔥🔥

  • BoshinimperialOfficer
    BoshinimperialOfficer  Жыл бұрын +642

    Meanwhile history channel: Two UFOs helped rome on their conquest

    • Rasta
      Rasta 5 ай бұрын


    • Insight 1
      Insight 1 5 ай бұрын

      @Lycaon Pictus to be fair there aren’t many Ancient European structures other than Stonehenge, and even stronehenge has alien theories.

    • Mark Roth
      Mark Roth 7 ай бұрын

      Their names were ramulus and remus;)

  • Fel Anderis
    Fel Anderis  Жыл бұрын +124

    "How Rome Conquered the Ancient Celts"
    Well, this is probably gonna be a better explanation than what I was told in school, which was oversimplified to "The Romans had discipline"

    • Kekeke89
      Kekeke89  Жыл бұрын

      Use, charging into phalanxes naked and screaming. Very discipline, much organization. Wow.

    • efogg3
      efogg3  Жыл бұрын

      @Wi-Fi TV Are other countries diplomas worthy in America?

    • Wi-Fi TV
      Wi-Fi TV  Жыл бұрын +7

      @Someone only because it's true. I had to educate myself to have any semblance of proper knowledge

    • Someone
      Someone  Жыл бұрын +1

      @Wi-Fi TV knew someone was gonna make this comment

    • Larry Mays
      Larry Mays  Жыл бұрын

      @hweirdo who knows if the Italic race of central Italy would even exist today if not for the Roman victory at Telemon? They might have been exterminated

  • caymus cairns
    caymus cairns  Жыл бұрын +4

    Very cool episode. Detailed overview of how one culture replaced another systematically.

  • ShamanMan
    ShamanMan  Жыл бұрын +8

    Hey! Just a small video idea: maybe you could cover the conquering of Israel and Jerusalem by rome, the subsequent jewish revolutions, and the eventual sack of Jerusalem. I find it a very interesting topic due to the consequences this conflict had for the modern world. Anyway love ur channel and how much effort u put into it.

  • Joao Teixeira
    Joao Teixeira  Жыл бұрын +4

    I'm honestly surprised you haven't made a video about Viriathus, the Lusitanian and Numantind Wars yet. Given the previous focus on subjects such as the Sertorian War, for example, which were a consequence of animosity and the past wars. The material is there.

  • Ivan E
    Ivan E  Жыл бұрын +2

    I'm curious what each "world's fiercest/most powerful army" at its height would measure up against one another. Also, can you imagine how many warriors & warlords/generals would have been there to challenge the Huns if so many hadnt killed each other off?

  • MarvinT
    MarvinT  Жыл бұрын +57

    _"I sure hope these Latins learned their lesson, now let's go home and enjoy our loot!"_ -Brennus, unaware that he started a 500 year blood feud

  • Feras Al-Lababidi
    Feras Al-Lababidi  Жыл бұрын +4

    As always love your work. This one is special as it goes in different regions through the time just to track the Celts.

  • Antiquity for All
    Antiquity for All  Жыл бұрын +1

    Incredible video! I've recently been looking into Celtic mythology and actually just finished up a vid of my own on how classical mythology influenced Celtic, particularly British legends!

  • Huân Trương Đình
    Huân Trương Đình  Жыл бұрын +2

    Great content as always, looking forward to the Gallo-Roman life episode!

  • energy_apple
    energy_apple  Жыл бұрын

    Hi Kings and Generals,
    I couldn't find a good contact so maybe you will see this. I have been obsessed with your videos' depth and completeness in explaining the context as well as the war tactics. Your playlists are great and I am most interested in learning in chronological order.
    Do you have a way to so watch your extremely large library as if it was a history course through the ages? There are many episodes I watch that you speak of another episode that goes further in detail of the context of the time. I get confused and sometimes spend a lot of time trying to find videos that go along with a series. If there is a community I can join such as a discord or even a website that has your videos broken up into full series that would be great. I'd love to help support the channel and am thinking of joining the youtube channel soon

  • Paolo Virtuani
    Paolo Virtuani  Жыл бұрын +5

    Fun fact: the Boii were subject to harsh punishment from the Romans. Either submitted, relegated to swamps and marshes of the Po River, or expelled from their lands in nowadays Emilia. Those who decided to migrate went back to their original homeland of modern-day Bohemia. I visited one of their oppida, in nowadays Trebon (Czech Rep.). Archaeology showed that the Boii who went back to live in Trebon - and descendants - were the same that had fought against the Romans. They also gave Bologna its name (Bononia, originally), as the Insubres named Milan and the Cenomani Brescia (Brixia).

    • Romain
      Romain  Жыл бұрын

      some of them came in modern-day France

  • cormac dineen
    cormac dineen  Жыл бұрын +6

    Most Irish people don't recognise the term 'British Isles' btw.
    We (in the Republic) are independent from Britian so we don't like being lumped in with them, even though it is technically the right term.
    Great video anyways!

  • Cliff Cardi
    Cliff Cardi  Жыл бұрын +96

    Caesar: “Double the Gauls, double the walls!”

    • Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus
      Publius Cornelius Scipio Africanus  Жыл бұрын +1

      @Trippie Dizzy Romania? After they joined the Triple Entente

    • LessCommonKnowledge
      LessCommonKnowledge  Жыл бұрын +3

      Julius “fuck the Gauls, build more walls” Caesar

    • Trippie Dizzy
      Trippie Dizzy  Жыл бұрын +2

      @Leonardo David 28 Dude, I know it's irrelevant. But which nation was occupied and miraculously survived the First World War?

    • Leonardo David 28
      Leonardo David 28  Жыл бұрын +3

      Tripple* the Gauls

  • Let Them Eat History
    Let Them Eat History  Жыл бұрын +3

    I like how much more confident you have become in covering larger topics and themes.

  • Xu Steve
    Xu Steve  Жыл бұрын +1

    actually there were some resistance and revolt in Gaul during the time of Empire. Which is also an interesting topic to explore

  • Daniël Blom
    Daniël Blom  Жыл бұрын +192

    22:52 "And in one foggy corner of the known world, they even retained their fierce independence"
    *camera pans to Bretagne*
    I deadass expected an announcement of future videos covering Asterix and Obelix for a second.

    • Orpheon Katakros, Mortarch of the Necropolis
      Orpheon Katakros, Mortarch of the Necropolis  Жыл бұрын +3

      @Podemos URSS It's a turkish bot, he is spamming the same comment everywhere. Ignore him.

    • Podemos URSS
      Podemos URSS  Жыл бұрын +5

      @Trippie Dizzy Well, many of them. Belgium, Serbia, Montenegro...

    • Trippie Dizzy
      Trippie Dizzy  Жыл бұрын +1

      @Podemos URSS Dude, I know it's irrelevant. But which nation was occupied and miraculously survived the First World War?

    • Podemos URSS
      Podemos URSS  Жыл бұрын +7

      They should make an April Fools' video on Asterix...

    • Taistelukalkkuna
      Taistelukalkkuna  Жыл бұрын +8

      Well, they did help Britons and their chieftain Veribigbos.

  • Aaron Rai
    Aaron Rai  Жыл бұрын +3

    I love it when you talk about Roman history keep making more videos about the Romans 😀

  • 0zar33
    0zar33  Жыл бұрын +2

    We history enthusiast love the work you do!

  • Mrkabrat
    Mrkabrat  Жыл бұрын +3

    11:30 One of these languages (basque) still survives, making it old as the hills and one of the few non indoeuropean languages in Europe.
    Also, the Aquitanii lands seem a bit big, considering the basque tribes (vascones, vardulii, caristii and autrigones) were in the area south west of the pyrenees.

  • lord
    lord  Жыл бұрын +1

    The greek phalanx was very different from the macedonian larissa phalanx shown in the video, however it's a small tiny point to make, the video is great as always

  • JL
    JL  Жыл бұрын +6

    The Romans were never an entirely phalanx based army. The scutum/thureos/"celtic shield" originates in northern Italy, as did the pilum, and the Etruscans and Italic tribes are depicted using them centuries before Roman unification. The italic hoplites seemed to have a less rigid fighting style too, judging from the pila and battle axes.

  • Конрад Дюселдорф
    Конрад Дюселдорф  Жыл бұрын +96

    Bruh, the celts can't catch a break. K & G already made a whole documentary on Ceaser's conquest of Gaul. And now we still ask how they conquered them. Bruh, leave them alone.

    • Justin Namuco
      Justin Namuco  Жыл бұрын +6

      I rarely find anything detailed about the celts

    • Enrique Mendez
      Enrique Mendez  Жыл бұрын +7

      Need more Celtic siege since they get gud bonuses.

  • Jayako
    Jayako  Жыл бұрын

    How come you obviated the siege of Numantia? It is probably the most impressive one in that age! In Spanish "A Numantine resistance" still means a fierce beyond conceivable resistance.

  • Slavic Waz
    Slavic Waz  Жыл бұрын +1

    I would like to see your amazing work on some battles that happened in movies and series (e.g: Game of thrones) as you have done before. More excited to see “kingdom of heaven”.

  • Fel Anderis
    Fel Anderis  Жыл бұрын +24

    "When Vercingetorix rode out of Alesia and threw his arms at the feet of [Ceasar]"
    With all the Asterix comments here, all I picture is that frame from the comics where Vercingetorix LITERALLY drops his weapons on Caesar's feet.

  • DraBattle - Lịch sử Hoạt Hình

    Amazing video, the quality of the animation only gets better everytime! 💗🤞✨

  • Jiggity Jake
    Jiggity Jake  Жыл бұрын +2

    Love these culture-specific series.

  • Shadowbattlecat
    Shadowbattlecat  Жыл бұрын +1

    Bravo! One of the best videos Yet. So pleasing this voice of history and all the animations and dreamy soundscapes is utterly beautiful. Thank you! I save so many of these videos to watch again

  • Averon god of Fire
    Averon god of Fire Ай бұрын +1

    “How did you manage to defeat the Celtic peoples?”
    Rome: to be fully honest we couldn’t have done it without them, they did quite a bit of the work for us before we even got there

  • Aleksa Petrovic
    Aleksa Petrovic  Жыл бұрын +48

    What about that village in Brettony that resisted Romans with the help of some secret wepeon. There are two legendary Gauls with a dog that crossed path with Caesar on multiple ocations.

    • Baal sagol
      Baal sagol  Жыл бұрын

      @Trippie Dizzy what did you mean by that?

    • Baal sagol
      Baal sagol  Жыл бұрын

      @Trippie Dizzy depends on what you mean by "survived"

    • Trippie Dizzy
      Trippie Dizzy  Жыл бұрын

      @Baal sagol Dude, I know it's irrelevant. But which nation was occupied and miraculously survived the First World War?

    • Baal sagol
      Baal sagol  Жыл бұрын +2

      @monkerulzohhhhhh, yea iv'e seen it before
      Thanks i completly forgot that was a thing

    • monkerulz
      monkerulz  Жыл бұрын +5

      @Baal sagol he's taking about Asterix and obelix. A very fun series of comics of you haven't read it before

  • The Germanic Coenus
    The Germanic Coenus  Жыл бұрын +1

    3:32 Somehow I would want to believe that really depends on what type of phalanx unit is used. If we're talking about the Classical Greek Phalanx of the southern states and the Macedonian phalanx of the Grecian North, then yeah, those wouldn't do well in a uneven terrain like hills and such. It would take a great deal of experience and training to master that warfare in such terrain using such rigid formations
    But if we were talking about the Macedonian Infantry Guard aka the Royal Peltasts (comprised of the Hypaspists and Asthetairoi), then that's another story. As far as I know these guys, though lightly armored but best armed can march in phalanx even in uneven terrain, without breaking cohesion. Best examples of that is during the battles of Chaeronea (where the Phalanx Guard of Philip II defeated the Athenian phalanx that had the high ground), Alexander's rapid mobile campaigns in the East, and even the the defeats of Cynoscephalae and Pydna where though the Macedonian army was defeated, the Phalanx Guard proved a worthy opponent.
    Why the Romans never used this formation is not known. But it's likely that they never encountered this unit until the 2nd and 3rd Macedonian Wars.
    Epirus is different. Though can be considered as a Hellenistic Kingdom, may have had a different version of their King's Infantry Guard. Far different than the ones used by the Macedonians. And may have used different weapons and equipment.

  • Michael Weston
    Michael Weston  Жыл бұрын +6

    The Roman conquest of Iberia (Spain, Portugal) took over 200 years. Which was a extremely long campaign even by Roman standards of protracted warfare. Reason being Iberia was jam packed with dozens of fiercely independent tribes, city states & petty kingdoms. Rome had to individually take out each one by one which drew out the process. Also Iberians were exceptionally fierce fighters who could go toe to toe with the celts so this ment bloody warfare. Even after the 200 year conquest a tribe called the Asturiis a group of fierce independent warriors survived in north western Spain high up in the mountains where it would take the Roman's yet another century to subjugate.

    • Michael Weston
      Michael Weston 10 ай бұрын

      @TG tell that to the thousands of Roman soldiers who died for a 1000 year old empire lol

    • TG
      TG 10 ай бұрын

      I can't imagine fighting for a change I'd never live to see. Not through death in warfare necessarily but through simple aging.

  • Skynyrd Jesus
    Skynyrd Jesus  Жыл бұрын

    Imagine being one of the Principes, neither as admirable for their youthful bravery as the Hastaati, or and admired for their experienced and effective as the Triarii.

  • dogla ffs
    dogla ffs  Жыл бұрын +1

    I loved the editing on this video. Looks like you're experimenting with some new stuff. I like it!

  • Dennis Cleary
    Dennis Cleary  Жыл бұрын +8

    The conquest of my ancestors, good stuff kings 👍

  • Bejunckt
    Bejunckt  Жыл бұрын +77

    33% Obélix and Astérix
    33% Funny tribe names, and funny town names
    33% RIP Celts ruled Europe :(

    • Suleiman The Magnificent
      Suleiman The Magnificent  Жыл бұрын +3

      @Trippie Dizzy If we didn't win, we'd be like today's mongols

    • Trippie Dizzy
      Trippie Dizzy  Жыл бұрын

      @Karl Hans Dude, I know it's irrelevant. But which nation was occupied and miraculously survived the First World War?

    • Karl Hans
      Karl Hans  Жыл бұрын +3

      what about 1%?

  • Skull Cleaver
    Skull Cleaver 4 ай бұрын

    I'd like to see a video on Viriathus. He doesn't get talked about alot.

    OFF-TOPIC  Жыл бұрын +2

    Excellent presentation! Everything you need to know about Celts.

  • legatemichael
    legatemichael  Жыл бұрын

    Really Good stuff. I am glad you are exploring less famous parts of history.

  • Gordon Bryce
    Gordon Bryce  Жыл бұрын

    You guys excelled yourselves here! Well impressed!

  • Taylor Munson
    Taylor Munson  Жыл бұрын +1

    I wasn't aware of this channel. These videos are very well done

  • Pietro
    Pietro  Жыл бұрын +4

    Exactly what i needed, always good to start the day with Kings and Generals

  • Rabbani Rosli
    Rabbani Rosli  Жыл бұрын +2

    You forgot about the one indomitable Gallic village that held out against Caesar with their magic potion.

  • The Awesome Man
    The Awesome Man  Жыл бұрын

    I have said this before but I'll say it again, if you make videos about the Celts then you have to include William Wallace, the greatest Celt of all, in one of them!

  • H :
    H :  Жыл бұрын

    Great video,
    Please make the Proto-Greek civilization of the Minyans.
    Thank you,

  • TheGaarakiba
    TheGaarakiba  Жыл бұрын

    i think that u could also speak more about the Lusitani(where Portugal is today), who were literally beating romans up, until the general was murderes by his own trusted man cuz roman paid them to, plus Bracara Augusta was capital and there is no mention on it not even on the maps u showed

  • cjkmaster
    cjkmaster  Жыл бұрын +1

    Can you please put your sources in the Description? I would be interested in checking them out!

  • Christopher Zagal
    Christopher Zagal  Жыл бұрын +11

    Do one on Celtiberians or Iberians.

    • Just Zé
      Just Zé  Жыл бұрын +2

      About iberian resistance

  • BulmaAtTheMecca
    BulmaAtTheMecca  Жыл бұрын

    This channel is awesome! Keep it up 👍

  • adam Boccia
    adam Boccia  Жыл бұрын +1

    Proud to be Roman glory to the empire of rome

  • Paul Andrew Martin
    Paul Andrew Martin  Жыл бұрын

    Brilliantly informed, lived it.

  • Johannes Michael Alhaug Thomas
    Johannes Michael Alhaug Thomas  Жыл бұрын

    Great content, as usual!!

  • Daniel Walker
    Daniel Walker  Жыл бұрын +38

    Conquered is too limited a word. The continental Celtic people of course survived, but their culture and languages were basically replaced with those of Rome.

    • Ephraim Samuel George
      Ephraim Samuel George Ай бұрын

      Celtic people in France were assimilated into the Frank's. The Celtic people in England had assimilated into the Anglo Saxons and became the English. The Celtic people in Iberia became the Spaniards and Portuguese.

    • Grant Woolliams
      Grant Woolliams  Жыл бұрын +3

      @Sinan Engin'in gür saçlarını yıkadığı haldır şaldır yup they didn't conquer with flowers and candies.... and they didn't tell the celts that they were racist to not want to be colonized either... they just murdered and conquered and took what they wanted

    • Grant Woolliams
      Grant Woolliams  Жыл бұрын

      Marcelo Henrique Soares da Silva um no romans got booted out of the uk... go read history again i think

    • Sinan Engin'in gür saçlarını yıkadığı haldır şaldır
      Sinan Engin'in gür saçlarını yıkadığı haldır şaldır  Жыл бұрын +3

      @Jesse Jojo Johnson what do you mean? Roman's killed 3 million peoples in Gaul.

    • Jesse Jojo Johnson
      Jesse Jojo Johnson  Жыл бұрын +10

      @I am not Bob Dylan genocides are meant to eradicate a people. This was conquest: genocidal in scale because of the numbers of the dead, but Rome had no interest in destroying the Celts. That would have been kind of counterproductive, since you can't tax dead people.

  • Olav
    Olav  Жыл бұрын +5

    Great series, thanks.

  • Amadeus
    Amadeus  Жыл бұрын +1

    Legions: "Form shields, spears forward, stab when they get close and throw javelins especially at shields!"
    Celts: "Lets strip naked and fight as individuals!"
    Legion Soldier: "What are they doing?!?"
    Centurion: "Smile and nod my boy, smile and nod."

  • Alex Wallachian
    Alex Wallachian  Жыл бұрын +2

    There is an error at the end of the video. Its mentioned the Eastern European Celts got defeated by the migratory Dacians. This is incorrect, the Celts got indeed defeated by the Dacian king Burebista, but the Dacians were sedentary and had integrated the Celtic lands into their kingdom. Also the image used for the Dacians is anachronistic as its the eagle used by the later Wallachians. The Dacians used the sarmatian inspired Draco as their flag/standard.

  • Jem Dikyol
    Jem Dikyol  Жыл бұрын +6

    Would you consider making a video on the daily life in Ottoman Balkans, especially for vassalized Christians? I live in the Balkans as a Turkish person and this is a very controversial topic and your videos are always as neutral as they can be, I would love to watch that.

    • Historyfolks
      Historyfolks  Жыл бұрын +1


  • Agustin Cetra
    Agustin Cetra  Жыл бұрын

    There Is one thing i dont understand. You Said a couple of times that because they mostly fought with light or no Armour they were decimated by the romans javelins (their pilum right?). But i always thought that a javelin would easily Pierce heavy armor so what difference would it make ?

  • VanHelsing Dracula
    VanHelsing Dracula  Жыл бұрын

    Rome lost at least 50.000 men in the Battle of Cannae, not 30.000 as you mentioned.

  • PepeLaugh
    PepeLaugh  Жыл бұрын +47

    I'm conflicted because I love Rome and it's history but found out a few years ago that my ancestors are Celts. haha

    • dia6olo
      dia6olo  Жыл бұрын +1

      @Simon Wood "Spartacus defeating multiple Roman armies" is Hollywood nonsense and "almost defeated Rome itself" is quite frankly laughable!
      Reality is the Romans didn’t take him seriously in the slightest, he was irrelevant to the Romans who pulled the strings (made the decisions). However, due to his marauding through the country, they were kind of forced to deal with him. What they did was send a couple of small newly recruited armies (kids basically) lead by generals with zero experience which resulted in them having little to no success.
      Eventually they got tired of him and sent a proper army which was still vastly smaller than Spartacus’s and that was that, Spartacus and his army got slaughtered.

    • dia6olo
      dia6olo  Жыл бұрын

      It's the one thing I find funny when I read some of the comments, you’ll hear Italians, Germans, French, Greeks, Spaniards and the list goes on, many have a view on Rome that’s often, mostly actually influenced by where they are from.
      But the funny thing is that if we go back far enough, a modern day German could easily have Roman/Italian origins just as a modern day Roman/Italian could have French origins and so on.
      Basically our origins are all over the place...

    • Abu Hajar Al Bugatti
      Abu Hajar Al Bugatti  Жыл бұрын

      @Matthias Maier Lol someone with a german name does not even know hoe his teuton and cimbri ancestors got fully whiped out and women sold into slavery after being fooled by the romans. And ceasar didnt eradicate whole populations either right? And they didnt wage War for no reason against the punians and destroyed carthago and not enough even salted the Earth the city stood on. Or ask the Boii or the Etruscans Hahahaha Man, some people

    • Matthias Maier
      Matthias Maier  Жыл бұрын +1

      @Abu Hajar Al Bugatti the roman empire did not exterminate whole populaces according to a lunatic doctrine. they where harsh rulers, at times, but not always, also their empire was not founded on rapine or exploitation of minorities (as far as i am aware) how else could the roman empire last over a thousand years, whereas the fourth reich did last a paltry fifteen years?

    • Endotor
      Endotor  Жыл бұрын

      @Abu Hajar Al Bugatti The romans did cultural genocide, while the nazis did ethnic genocide

  • readable95
    readable95  Жыл бұрын

    I had heard that the maniple system was taken from the samnites after the first samnite war, genuinely curious if that isn’t the case.

  • Sir Slicer
    Sir Slicer  Жыл бұрын

    This is the content that should be on history channel

  • Sachitha Illangage
    Sachitha Illangage  Жыл бұрын

    Please do a video about the German, England and French history like Celtic history

  • Francisco
    Francisco  Жыл бұрын

    No mention to Viriatus? The Lusitan leader that inflicted countless defeats on the romans? U mentioned briefly some of its battles, but not him by name. U should do a video about him.

  • crappus maximus
    crappus maximus  Жыл бұрын +96

    I’m currently reading commentarii de bello gallico, you couldn’t have timed this better! :)

  • Martijn Steinpatz
    Martijn Steinpatz  Жыл бұрын +8

    When you need to defeat an army of Gauls, *of course* you send a guy called Manlius after them.

  • Cole Vasseur
    Cole Vasseur  Жыл бұрын

    Great stuff as usual. Keep it coming plz

  • Mask of Agamemnon
    Mask of Agamemnon  Жыл бұрын

    In this period, the eagle wasn't yet the symbol of Rome.
    It was Gaius Marius who popularized that.

  • Just Zé
    Just Zé  Жыл бұрын +1

    You should talk about the legendary Lusitani Warrior Viriato

  • Gabriel Fagundes
    Gabriel Fagundes  Жыл бұрын

    Loved the video, i was the whole day thinking about it while at work. The minute i was in my house ive rushed to watch it. thank you.

  • Kappafield
    Kappafield  Жыл бұрын +3

    'Honey! There's a new kings and generals!'
    Thanks a bunch guys

  • Just Person12
    Just Person12  Жыл бұрын +13

    Can you make something about the kingdom of Georgia 🇬🇪?

    • Dominic Guye
      Dominic Guye  Жыл бұрын +1

      @Video cvdv How in the world is this relevant to the Kingdom of Georgia?

    • Video cvdv
      Video cvdv  Жыл бұрын

      @Muhamet Alijaj Today, all Western Europeans come from Western Asia. For example, most Western Europeans are descendants of Phrygians, Hittites, Assyrians. But they don't know.

    • Video cvdv
      Video cvdv  Жыл бұрын

      @Tsar Chi Napoleon Abudabi Türkmenistan Not Eurasian

    • Tsar Chi Napoleon Abudabi
      Tsar Chi Napoleon Abudabi  Жыл бұрын

      @Video cvdv Eurasian steppes*

  • Caleb Smith
    Caleb Smith  Жыл бұрын

    This was very enjoyable. Thank you again friends.

  • Highly Grillpilled
    Highly Grillpilled  Жыл бұрын

    The story of the Celts being caught on the way out may be face saving and apocryphal.

  • Tony W
    Tony W  Жыл бұрын

    Hadrian's Wall. How the good Celts remained Celts. A separation that suited all.

  • Ulf Eliasson
    Ulf Eliasson  Жыл бұрын +3

    Wonderful stuff. Thanks.

  • Benny G
    Benny G  Жыл бұрын

    Can you do a video on how the goths and thr franks became Roman?

  • Dan
    Dan  Жыл бұрын +5

    This was a well timed release as the last refuge of the Celts is modern day Wales who Ironically are about to play Italy in the Euro's.

  • Johny Kára
    Johny Kára  Жыл бұрын

    Battle of Magnesia was in December 190 BC ( Some say January 189 BC ), not 191 BC.

  • Robert Manjani
    Robert Manjani  Жыл бұрын +1

    Brilliant clip.. I'm always waiting for new stuff, like the illyrian tribes of today Albania

  • david goldman
    david goldman  Жыл бұрын +1

    OMG OMG, another ancient Rome video! Hold my beer... For 23 minutes.