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2020 Nobel Lectures in Physics

  • Жарияланды 2020 ж. 6 Жел.

Пікірлер • 164

  • Sixtus Beckmesser
    Sixtus Beckmesser 2 жыл бұрын +16

    Ghez, probably because she has presented similar lectures to lay audiences (some of which are available on KZclip), has by far the best presentation. An excellent job describing her superb work.

  • Jason Cunliffe
    Jason Cunliffe 2 жыл бұрын +12

    8:21 Sir Roger PENROSE --- Lecture starts
    40:11 Prof. Reinhard GENZEL -- A Forty Year Journey
    1:10:12 Prof. Andrea GHEZ

  • 243 David
    243 David 2 жыл бұрын +9

    Not only 89, but this Duracell-bunny is still trying to break new ground. An inspiration

  • Animesh Maitra
    Animesh Maitra 2 жыл бұрын +16

    Fascinating openings for young researchers - more question are raised than answered!

  • Pawan Kumar
    Pawan Kumar  Жыл бұрын +8

    Prof. Penrose is a most genius physicist and a good human being.

  • RFD Rob
    RFD Rob 2 жыл бұрын +141

    Roger Penrose is 89 years old and still going strong. This man is truly incredible!

  • Joon Yi
    Joon Yi 2 жыл бұрын +13

    PROFESSOR GHEZ!! I had her for my professor at UCLA for my undergraduate course during my major of Astrophysics! UCLA BRUINS SO PROUD OF ANDREA GHEZ!

  • Eric Genaro Flores
    Eric Genaro Flores 2 жыл бұрын +22

    Congrats Roger on your nobel prize!

  • nikola tesla
    nikola tesla 2 жыл бұрын +47

    Missing Professor Hawking but he must be very happy wherever he is

    • DJLiddle
      DJLiddle  Жыл бұрын

      @Ruben Anthony Martinez 4 months later and not a single like on this.. dunno who you were arguing with but I'm pretty sure Sir Roger knows a lot more about this than you do

    • adrian wright
      adrian wright 2 жыл бұрын

      @Ruben Anthony Martinez You think that, "Missing Professor Hawking but he must be very happy wherever he is", is total hogwash?

    • Sohail Ahmed
      Sohail Ahmed 2 жыл бұрын +1

      Sir, Are you still alive?

    • Andres Cruz
      Andres Cruz 2 жыл бұрын +4

      @Ruben Anthony Martinez Who are you arguing with?

    • Ruben Anthony Martinez
      Ruben Anthony Martinez 2 жыл бұрын

      Total hogwash; because there is a principle called quantum tunneling which will not allow the existence of a singularity.
      Quantum tunneling sets a physical limits to the mass density or the radius of any sphere of matter, therefore not allowing this singularity to start forming. The mass density ρ of an object may be found by dividing its mass M by its volume V = (4/3) π R^3. The packing of the fermions will never reach the matter concentration necessary to create a singularity. His entire argument fails because he ignores this physical principle.

  • Noah El Rhandour
    Noah El Rhandour 2 жыл бұрын +2

    Roger starts at 8:20

  • one above all
    one above all 2 жыл бұрын +28

    Why these genius people get Nobel prize after so many years of research??

    • Epistemological Despair
      Epistemological Despair  Жыл бұрын

      Nobel prizes aren't given for theory, they must have experimental results to be considered. With that said, it takes many many years for technology and experiment to catch up with the theory.

    • Ometecuhtli
      Ometecuhtli 2 жыл бұрын

      Alfred Nobel's will states that the prize should be awarded to the person who made the most important discovery or invention the previous year, but because the field of physics takes a long time to produce tangible results or there is no experiment to corroborate it, it is given to the person(s) or institutions whose research had the biggest impact, as a result of being proven right or based on inventions derived from it, resulting advances, applications and so on.

    • Sergey Oboroc
      Sergey Oboroc 2 жыл бұрын +2

      He said he is happy he received it so late in life, it didn't influence him negatively as it happened to others which got it earlier in their lives.

    • Kostoglotov
      Kostoglotov 2 жыл бұрын

      @guy yeah it has taken this long for technology to catch up.

    • Chas
      Chas 2 жыл бұрын +1

      They are in a back- logged queue.

  • Sk-7
    Sk-7 2 жыл бұрын +4

    Can't wait to hear from professor Ghez :)

  • Patrick Ruch
    Patrick Ruch 2 жыл бұрын +8

    Thank you Noble Prize for putting this video and others up. It is appreciated by myself and humankind. May God Bless the World.

  • Hyperduality
    Hyperduality 2 жыл бұрын +3

    Convergence (compression, contraction, gravity) is dual to divergence (expansion).
    Attraction (gravity, syntropy) is dual to repulsion (anti-gravity, entropy).
    Syntropy (prediction, entangled entropy) is dual to increasing entropy -- the 4th law of thermodynamics!
    Teleological physics (syntropy) is dual to non-teleological physics (entropy).
    Information, entropy is converted into mutual information (syntropy, entangled entropy) -- Shannon's information theory.
    In communication theory the receiver of a message infers or predicts the received message into existence, hence information is based upon probability, maximized mutual information = optimized predictions, syntropy.
    Apples fall to the ground because they are conserving duality.
    Potential energy is dual to kinetic energy.
    Gravitation is equivalent or dual to acceleration -- Einstein's happiest thought, the principle of equivalence (duality).
    Energy is dual to mass -- Einstein.
    Dark energy is dual to dark matter.
    "Always two there are" -- Yoda.
    Concepts are dual to percepts -- the mind duality of Immanuel Kant.
    The intellectual mind/soul (concepts) is dual to the sensory mind/soul (percepts) -- the mind duality of Thomas Aquinas.
    Mind duality is dual to matter duality (wave/particle or quantum duality).

  • NEXUS Matemática y Arte - Mónica González

    Roger Penrose, extraordinaria persona.

  • Archana Shrivastava
    Archana Shrivastava 2 жыл бұрын +2

    The real achievement.

  • Boris Petrov
    Boris Petrov 2 жыл бұрын +6

    Roger pitched his CCC hypothesis in his Nobel speech !!! Bravo

    • Balla Balla
      Balla Balla 2 жыл бұрын

      he's a platonist. h shold do so...

    • Epä Järjestys
      Epä Järjestys 2 жыл бұрын +1

      He does so at every opportunity. And why not, lol. It's an interesting idea.

  • Subhanu Saxena
    Subhanu Saxena 2 жыл бұрын +4

    I wonder why they don't call him as Sir Roger Penrose?

  • Dalton Fury
    Dalton Fury 2 жыл бұрын +7

    I can never love anything more than the way Rodger Penrose says super duper.

  • rockerrrr
    rockerrrr 2 жыл бұрын

    Genius of physics

  • Rainer Langlotz
    Rainer Langlotz 2 жыл бұрын +1

    After denying the Nobelprice to Hawking and Bekenstein Stockholm finally got the message:
    Black holes are real and research about them deserves real awards.

    • Frank DiMeglio
      Frank DiMeglio  Жыл бұрын

      Hawking accomplished almost nothing.

    • Bob Ross
      Bob Ross 2 жыл бұрын

      @Zack 120 many reasons why. They mostly did this because of, finally, the famous release of a visual image of a black hole. But there’s been lots of discussion about the way in which the prize is awarded.

    • Zack 120
      Zack 120 2 жыл бұрын

      What is the official reason to deny Hawking?

  • Tapas Dey
    Tapas Dey 2 жыл бұрын +3

    Brilliant concept thought by Nobel lectures Roger Penrose , Reinhard Genzel and Andrea M. Ghez. Congratulations to the Nobel laureates and keep it up.

  • stockinvestor1
    stockinvestor1 2 жыл бұрын +13

    Let the lectures be restricted to 3 hours max! this is too little time for important lectures! 30 min!

    • Martin Pollard
      Martin Pollard 2 жыл бұрын +1

      "If I Had More Time, I Would Have Written a Shorter Letter" Cicero ( attribution in dispute)

  • espacio hexadimencional serna
    espacio hexadimencional serna 2 жыл бұрын +2

    How could you call the CCC Penrose CYCLICAL when the flow just go in one direction? same thing is for the TOROUS flow diagram and the atom diagram flow.

    • Boris Petrov
      Boris Petrov 2 жыл бұрын +1

      Aeons are cyclical...

    • Ruben Anthony Martinez
      Ruben Anthony Martinez 2 жыл бұрын

      This CCC cosmology is regurgitated cosmology, nothing new here, other than the terminology and analogy to bathroom tiles universe.
      This cyclic model was originally suggested as a oscillatory universe interpretation of the Big Bang, where the first cosmological event was the result of the collapse of a previous universe. But in this case it keeps on exploding painting a pretty symmetrical picture, the same old thing. This is not even science you can't prove this.

    • kashu
      kashu 2 жыл бұрын +1

      Because it... cycles

  • Leo T
    Leo T 2 жыл бұрын +2

    Penrose at 8:22

  • Louisa Smith
    Louisa Smith 2 жыл бұрын +2

    Was anyone else here obsessed with why Hubble’s constant “isn’t” (constant) when they were a kid?

  • anubha1981
    anubha1981  Жыл бұрын +1

    This video made me wonder about the scale of the universe and how tiny we are in comparison but not consequence.

  • Chico Christe Pace
    Chico Christe Pace 2 жыл бұрын +5

    Beautiful Minds!!! you guys are my heroes + heroine! :) :) keep inspiring :) :)

  • Nicolas
    Nicolas 2 жыл бұрын +1

    I'd like to take this moment to thank our galaxy the Milky Way, that it has allowed us to exist :D, we can be real sobZ but you make it work everyday❤

  • Sadiq Siraj
    Sadiq Siraj 2 жыл бұрын +1

    Roger Penrose ❤️

  • Eudjier
    Eudjier 2 жыл бұрын +2

    This is who you want in our government advising us. Brilliant men. He is genius

  • KipIngram
    KipIngram 5 ай бұрын

    Wow - always nice to see Sir Roger, but all of these were *fantastic* presentations. Dr. Ghez's particularly fascinated me - I've had my eye on her work for years, and it is just awesome to see her recognized!

  • Ashim Ghosh
    Ashim Ghosh 2 жыл бұрын +4

    I miss Professor Stephen Hawking... he should be happy wherever he rests today...

    • Boris Petrov
      Boris Petrov 2 жыл бұрын +1

      Penrose was his PhDmentor

  • Pritosh Sarkar
    Pritosh Sarkar 2 жыл бұрын +3

    You are a true genius physicist....I feel proud that you received Nobel prize.

  • WorldView
    WorldView  Жыл бұрын

    Related to Prof. Penrose's work is Prof. D. Christodoulou's seminal 600-page monograph "The formation of black holes in general relativity", EMS, 2009: "The subject of this work is the formation of black holes in pure general relativity, by the focusing of incoming gravitational waves. The theorems established in this monograph constitute the first foray into the long time dynamics of general relativity in the large, that is, when the initial data are no longer confined to a suitably small neighborhood of Minkowskian data. The theorems are general, no symmetry conditions on the initial data being imposed." I'm conviced that that Swedish Academy ought to take a long and hard look at this work and all related work of his while he is still alive.

  • Ruben Anthony Martinez
    Ruben Anthony Martinez 2 жыл бұрын

    Really nice presentation, but all this hinges on the existence of singularity. Unfortunately there is a principle called quantum tunneling which will not allow the existence of a singularity, because Quantum tunneling sets a physical limits to the mass density or the radius of any sphere of matter, therefore not allowing this singularity to start forming. The mass density ρ of an object may be found by dividing its mass M by its volume V = (4/3) π R^3.

  • Jan Waska
    Jan Waska 2 жыл бұрын +7

    More questions than answers
    More work ahead
    Go for it!

  • Lemon Party
    Lemon Party 2 жыл бұрын +71

    8:21 Intro skip

  • Cozmin Vasile
    Cozmin Vasile 10 ай бұрын

    To rush a 90 year old genius into explaining shortly his lifetime work into 30 minutes feels like being forced to chug on a Masseto Magnum from 2008 with my legs up. Leave them present freely and you may summarize after, for the presentations.

  • Zack 120
    Zack 120 2 жыл бұрын

    Well, still waiting for direct, f not physical, evidence for the existence of BH.

    • Balla Balla
      Balla Balla 2 жыл бұрын

      go, check it empirical yourself, and don't come back...

  • epincion
    epincion 2 жыл бұрын +3

    All three lectures were excellent! Thank you.

  • Arnav Das
    Arnav Das 2 жыл бұрын +2

    Surprisingly clear!

  • P Sri Chaitanya
    P Sri Chaitanya 2 жыл бұрын +3

    Congrats sir Dr roger penrose , been 89 and still working hard

  • Sweaty
    Sweaty 5 ай бұрын +1

    Me not knowing shit about physics and space listening to this while I wash dishes at work

  • Yaf Y.
    Yaf Y. 2 жыл бұрын +8

    Congratulations Mr. PENROSE!

  • SheepinWolf
    SheepinWolf 5 ай бұрын

    Physics lectures aren't too bad and werent my worst. Enjoyed history more than anything else.

  • Tapas Dey
    Tapas Dey 2 жыл бұрын +1

    Concept of geometry is unique and lucid.

  • 243 David
    243 David 2 жыл бұрын +2

    I think Roger was maybe around at the time of the Big Bang

  • Ruben Anthony Martinez
    Ruben Anthony Martinez 2 жыл бұрын +1

    *Gravitational constant may not be so constant.* A variable G carries powerful explanatory powers.
    Has it ever occurred to Andrea Ghez or any astrophysicists, that it may not be a super black hole in the center of our Milkyway. But instead be related to the gravitational constant having a different value in the center of our galaxy, thereby altering the orbital behavior of the Stars within this Central galactic zone.

    • Delphunky
      Delphunky 5 ай бұрын

      well we have now photographed that black hole (Sagittarius A), so that seems to be the reason.

    • Mitzio Infante
      Mitzio Infante 2 жыл бұрын

      yeah, but why would be a variable G?... i mean, what support that hypothesis?

    UJJWAL BOMZON TAMANG 2 жыл бұрын


  • José Luis Alcántara Sánchez
    José Luis Alcántara Sánchez 2 жыл бұрын +2

    The fascination about math as the method and way for getting credibility, validity, sometimes lacking physical evidence, math has the power of persuasion. I really cannot say when scientists stopped using math as a tool for describing reality, and started using math as the "rule" for any description of reality: if it cannot be expressed with a set of equations then is not scientific. Cosmologists are so worried about the "geometry" of space, because the related math gets unmanageable. Quantum Field Theory is undeniably geometric in its approach. But as long as particles are ripples on the field, wave functions, it is impossible to consider a particle occupying any quanta of space. And all that complication comes from considering mathematics as the ruler of reality. What I like the most about Roger Penrose is that he still considers math as a tool, not a source.

    • Randall Rogers
      Randall Rogers 2 жыл бұрын

      He's described as an "algebraic geometer"

  • Hari Madhavan
    Hari Madhavan 2 жыл бұрын

    Congratulations to Sir Roger Penrose and co.

  • J’ventures
    J’ventures 3 ай бұрын

    Question: how can a dust cover the light when it’s so far far away? @1:19:40

  • Sourav Sahoo
    Sourav Sahoo 2 жыл бұрын +7

    sir roger penrose concept of this endless aeons are very amazing

    • Boris Petrov
      Boris Petrov 2 жыл бұрын

      Ethan Siegel rudely ad hominem attacked him

  • Yannis Poursanidis
    Yannis Poursanidis 3 ай бұрын

    Stars are being born around black holes! Black holes are giving birth to starts, that is why you are observing young stars orbiting around it.

  • Ashish Nayak
    Ashish Nayak 2 жыл бұрын +2

    Alll the very best...🖤🖤🖤

  • Jose Urbina
    Jose Urbina 2 жыл бұрын +3


  • espacio hexadimencional serna
    espacio hexadimencional serna 2 жыл бұрын

    If photons are a thing they must to have mass just like air, if photons do not have mass they are just not a thing. - even energy must to be mass.

    • Doug James
      Doug James 2 жыл бұрын

      Read up on the difference between bosons and fermions to understand why photons are massless.

    • Joseph LAU [13D]
      Joseph LAU [13D] 2 жыл бұрын

      gluons and photons which are carries of the electromagnetic and strong force U(1) X SU(3) Lie group(special unitary) are massless without a doubt. Remember, in QCD, particles are not really particles but represented by fields.

  • YP Paq
    YP Paq  Жыл бұрын +2

    Well deserved! 💯

  • Channel Warhorse
    Channel Warhorse  Жыл бұрын +1

    I feel the presentation, last two presenters also demonstrate gravitational back-force, of event horizon .. Black Holes, Cosmology, and Space-Time Singularities
    Roger Penrose, University of Oxford, UK
    I feel should have been presenting the Einstein INCH equation .. having manufactured the Newton machine, g = G Me / r^2 ( 1e -/+ Ef/Eo ) r = c to planar reaction, 3rd plane to manifestation .. accepting a lot things to immovable frame .. the Standard Model is the Periodic Table .. DNA pattern is same Einstein INCH to 1915 Child .. imaging content to infinity .. pi -/+ line = infinity to content of frame, control the elevator.

  • Europa Europa
    Europa Europa 2 жыл бұрын +3

    Nobel should be awarded to people who discover or invent only facts that benefit all of humanity, not give it to those for far fetched ideas that have no benefit to humanity.

    • Balla Balla
      Balla Balla 2 жыл бұрын

      what have you done to advance humanity?

    • Cyrus Kalali
      Cyrus Kalali 2 жыл бұрын +2

      So it is best to give the Noble prize to a chicken farmer, who makes the best eggs for your breakfast omlette..

    • Sandeep Bhattarai
      Sandeep Bhattarai 2 жыл бұрын

      @Tom Ditto Exactly Roger Penrose theorem had helped in many discoveries which we all use in our daily life.

    • Tom Ditto
      Tom Ditto 2 жыл бұрын +4

      Penrose has many facets. You may notice, for example, that he illustrates his ideas with diagrams that he has drawn by hand. He influenced MC Escher in some of that artist's most famous woodcuts, and Escher's woodcuts have influenced Penrose in his Nobel prize winning math and physics. The Penrose tile system is widely used in decorative arts. His ambiguous Penrose triangle can be used to explain local and global concepts in mathematics and physics. He has written extensively about "understanding" and consciousness which has led to biomedical discoveries involving the tiniest features in cellular structures. So, while Europa Europa may not understand why Nobel prizes are handed out, in the instance of Roger Penrose, the protest made here does not stand. Everyone has been saying for years that Roger Penrose should be given a Nobel. A similar wish list for me included Bob Dylan in Literature, and I'm glad to have lived long enough to see both laureates get their due.

    • Son Goku
      Son Goku 2 жыл бұрын

      Everything has a benefit if you wait long enough

  • God
    God 2 жыл бұрын +1

    From the distance the stand looks like floating...

  • Uday Kumar
    Uday Kumar 2 жыл бұрын +11

    One day I'll absolutely be there

  • Origami with Amarnath
    Origami with Amarnath  Жыл бұрын +1

    I love Roger Penrose

  • Rtt
    Rtt  Жыл бұрын +1


  • Sanad A
    Sanad A 2 жыл бұрын +2

    Subtitle 🙏

  • DcStudios
    DcStudios 2 жыл бұрын

    6:02 I will forever say the name 'Albert Einshtine' like this from now onwards

    • Fabian R. E. Hauser
      Fabian R. E. Hauser  Жыл бұрын

      Actually the announcer knows his German pretty good. Speaking "Stein" (which is a German word) like "Shtine" is actually more "correct" as most German words starting with "st" are generally spoken like this by the vast majority of native German speakers (e. g. "Straße" - "Shtrase", "Stern" - "Shtern"). Only a few German dialects would pronounce "Stein" in the way the English speakers are used to it ("stine").

  • Jod Science
    Jod Science 2 жыл бұрын

    Giving a Nobel Prize for Black Holes makes no sense since Einstein didn’t receive a Nobel Prize for General Relativity.

  • Nicole
    Nicole 2 жыл бұрын +1

    Of course I have shortened the stories because you are talking so fast.

  • Edward Auditore
    Edward Auditore 2 жыл бұрын +13

    All the best🎉🎉

  • tomatoso27
    tomatoso27 2 жыл бұрын +2

    38:46 mic drop

  • Radiation92
    Radiation92 2 жыл бұрын +2

    Please try to add sub title.

  • Rajni Gupta
    Rajni Gupta  Жыл бұрын

    Lectures should be in short cut or can be continued tomorrow.

  • Gravitraxer Kris
    Gravitraxer Kris 2 жыл бұрын +2

    Can't wait

  • Babulal Kumar
    Babulal Kumar 2 жыл бұрын +3

    its my dream award ❤️❤️❤️❤️.

    • TimeWalker
      TimeWalker  Жыл бұрын

      @Tim c lol

    • Tim c
      Tim c 2 жыл бұрын +1

      Hmm... it’s easy

  • Cyrus Kalali
    Cyrus Kalali 2 жыл бұрын

    So this is what it takes to win the noble prize?

  • Shaz
    Shaz 2 жыл бұрын +5

    Ma dream

    • Manoj Kumar
      Manoj Kumar 2 жыл бұрын +2

      well ,sometimes dreams come true if you want

  • Daniel Adam Platt
    Daniel Adam Platt Ай бұрын +1

    💳 good news 2023 good time to come

  • Nakul Chandaiya
    Nakul Chandaiya 2 жыл бұрын +1

    I am here only for Mrs ghez

  • Bryan Antonio Bazurto
    Bryan Antonio Bazurto 2 жыл бұрын +3


  • Nicole
    Nicole 2 жыл бұрын +1

    Different time dimensions

  • Mic C
    Mic C 2 жыл бұрын


  • edward lewandowski
    edward lewandowski 2 жыл бұрын

    Good luck 2021⭐🌷✋

  • Ramanpreet kaur
    Ramanpreet kaur 7 ай бұрын


  • Liwei Wang
    Liwei Wang 2 жыл бұрын

    i like penrose diagram

  • Ganesh Chadre
    Ganesh Chadre  Жыл бұрын


  • edward lewandowski
    edward lewandowski 2 жыл бұрын


  • דן נבון
    דן נבון  Жыл бұрын +1


  • Lucid Vijay
    Lucid Vijay 4 ай бұрын

    great work